Deuteronomy 6:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.

New Living Translation
"Listen, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD alone.

English Standard Version
“Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.

New American Standard Bible
"Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!

King James Bible
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Listen, Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is One.

International Standard Version
"Listen, Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD alone.

NET Bible
Listen, Israel: The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Listen, Israel: The LORD is our God. The LORD is the only God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

American King James Version
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

American Standard Version
Hear, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
Hear, Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah;

English Revised Version
Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God is one LORD:

Webster's Bible Translation
Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God is one LORD:

World English Bible
Hear, Israel: Yahweh is our God; Yahweh is one:

Young's Literal Translation
Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one Jehovah;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:4,5 Here is a brief summary of religion, containing the first principles of faith and obedience. Jehovah our God is the only living and true God; he only is God, and he is but One God. Let us not desire to have any other. The three-fold mention of the Divine names, and the plural number of the word translated God, seem plainly to intimate a Trinity of persons, even in this express declaration of the unity of the Godhead. Happy those who have this one Lord for their God. It is better to have one fountain than a thousand cisterns; one all-sufficient God than a thousand insufficient friends. This is the first and great commandment of God's law, that we love him; and that we do all parts of our duty to him from a principle of love; My son, give me thine heart. We are to love God with all our heart, and soul, and might. That is, 1. With a sincere love; not in word and tongue only, but inwardly in truth. 2. With a strong love. He that is our All, must have our all, and none but he. 3. With a superlative love; we must love God above any creature whatever, and love nothing but what we love for him. 4. With an intelligent love. To love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, we must see good cause to love him. 5. With an entire love; he is ONE, our hearts must be united in his love. Oh that this love of God may be shed abroad in our hearts!

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 4-25. - THE FIRST AND GREAT COMMANDMENT. "In the fear of Jehovah all true obedience is rooted (vers. 2, 3); for this is the first and most intimate fact in the relation of Israel and Jehovah (Deuteronomy 5:26). But where the supreme fear of Jehovah hinders men from allowing self to preponderate in opposition to God, there will be no stopping at this renunciation of self-will, though this comes first as the negative form of the ten commandments also shows, but there will come to be a coalescence of the human with the Divine will; and this is love, which is the proper condition of obedience, as the ten commandments also indicate (Deuteronomy 5:10)" (Baumgarten). Verse 4. - Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord. This is an affirmation not so much of the moneity as of the unity and simplicity of Jehovah, the alone God. Though Elohim (plu.), he is one. The speaker does not say, "Jehovah is alone God," but "Jehovah our Elohim is one Jehovah" (comp. for the force of אֶחָד, Exodus 26:6, 11; Ezekiel 37:16-19). Among the heathen there were many Baals and many Jupiters; and it was believed that the deity might be divided and communicated to many. But the God of Israel, Jehovah, is one, indivisible and incommunicable. He is the Absolute and the Infinite One, who alone is to be worshipped, on whom all depend, and to whose command all must yield obedience (cf. Zechariah 14:9). Not only to polytheism, but to pantheism, and to the conception of a localized or national deity, is this declaration of the unity of Jehovah opposed. With these words the Jews begin their daily liturgy, morning and evening; the sentence expresses the essence of their religious belief; and so familiar is it to their thought and speech that, it is said, they were often, during the persecution in Spain, betrayed to their enemies by the involuntary utterance of it.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Hear, O Israel,.... These are the words of Moses, stirring up the people to an attention to what he was about to say of this great and momentous article, the unity of God, to prevent their going into polytheism and idolatry. From one of the words here used, the Jews call this section Kiriathshema, which they oblige themselves to read twice a day, morning and evening (n); the last letter of the first word in this verse, "Shema", meaning "hear", and the last letter of the last word in it, "Echad", meaning "one", are greater than ordinary; which seems designed to excite the attention to what is contained in this passage:

the Lord our God is one Lord; the doctrine of which is, that the Lord, who was the covenant God and Father of his people Israel, is but one Jehovah; he is Jehovah, the Being of beings, a self-existent Being, eternal and immutable; and he is but one in nature and essence; this appears from the perfection of his nature, his eternity, omnipotence, omnipresence, infinity, goodness, self-sufficiency, and perfection; for there can be but one eternal, one omnipotent, one omnipresent, one infinite, one that is originally and of himself good; one self, and all sufficient, and perfect Being; and which also may be concluded from his being the first cause of all things, which can be but one; and from his relations to his creatures, as their King, ruler, governor, and lawgiver. And for this purpose these words are cited in Mark 12:29 but then they no ways contradict the doctrine of a trinity of persons in the unity of the divine essence, the Father, Word, and Holy Spirit, which three are one; the one God, the one Jehovah, as here expressed; see 1 John 5:7 and so the ancient Jews understood this passage. In an ancient book of theirs it is said (o) Jehovah, Elohenu, Jehovah (i.e. Jehovah, our God, Jehovah); these are the three degrees with respect to this sublime mystery; "in the beginning God (Elohim) created the heavens and the earth"; and again (p), Jehovah, Elohenu, Jehovah, they are one; the three forms (modes or things) which are one; and elsewhere (q) it is observed, there are two, and one is joined to them, and they are three; and when the three are one, he says to (or of) them, these are the two names which Israel heard, Jehovah, Jehovah, and Elohenu (our God) is joined unto them; and it is the seal of the ring of truth, and when they are joined they are one in one unity; which is illustrated by the three names the soul of man is called by, the soul, spirit, and breath; and elsewhere they say (r) the holy blessed God, and his Shechinah, are called one; see John 10:30.

(n) Mist. Beracot, c. 1. sect. 1, 2.((o) Zohar in Gen. fol. 1, 3.((p) Ib. in Exod. fol. 18. 3, 4. (q) Ib. in Numb. fol. 67. 3.((r) Tikkune Zohar, Correct. 47. fol. 86. 2.



Deuteronomy 6:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Greatest Commandment
3"O Israel, you should listen and be careful to do it, that it may be well with you and that you may multiply greatly, just as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey. 4"Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one! 5"You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.…
Cross References
Matthew 22:37
Jesus replied: "'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.'

Mark 12:29
"The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.

Mark 12:30
Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'

Luke 10:27
He answered, "'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind'; and, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'"

John 10:30
I and the Father are one."

Romans 3:30
since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith.

1 Corinthians 8:4
So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that "An idol is nothing at all in the world" and that "There is no God but one."

1 Corinthians 8:6
yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live.

Ephesians 4:6
one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.

James 2:19
You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that--and shudder.

Deuteronomy 4:35
You were shown these things so that you might know that the LORD is God; besides him there is no other.

Deuteronomy 4:39
Acknowledge and take to heart this day that the LORD is God in heaven above and on the earth below. There is no other.

Deuteronomy 5:6
"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

2 Chronicles 17:9
They taught throughout Judah, taking with them the Book of the Law of the LORD; they went around to all the towns of Judah and taught the people.

Nehemiah 9:6
You alone are the LORD. You made the heavens, even the highest heavens, and all their starry host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you.

Psalm 78:5
He decreed statutes for Jacob and established the law in Israel, which he commanded our ancestors to teach their children,

Psalm 86:10
For you are great and do marvelous deeds; you alone are God.

Zechariah 14:9
The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name.
Treasury of Scripture

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

Shema Yisrael, Yehowah, Elohainoo, Yehowah aichod, `Hear, Israel Jehovah, our God,is one Jehovah.' On this passage the Jews lay great stress and it is one of the four passages which they write on their phylacteries: On the word {elohim}, Seimeon Ben Joachi says `Come and see the mystery of the word Elohim: that there are three degrees, and each degree is by itself alone, and yet they are all one, and joined together in one, and are not divided from each other.'

the Lord

Deuteronomy 4:35,36 To you it was showed, that you might know that the LORD he is God; …

Deuteronomy 5:6 I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, …

1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, How long halt you between …

2 Kings 19:5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.

1 Chronicles 29:10 Why David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David …

Isaiah 42:8 I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, …

Isaiah 44:6,8 Thus said the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD …

Isaiah 45:5,6 I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: …

Jeremiah 10:10,11 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting …

Mark 12:29-32 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, …

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true …

1 Corinthians 8:4-6 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered …

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man …

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