1 Corinthians 2:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
for, "Who has known the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?" But we have the mind of Christ.

New Living Translation
For, "Who can know the LORD's thoughts? Who knows enough to teach him?" But we understand these things, for we have the mind of Christ.

English Standard Version
“For who has understood the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?” But we have the mind of Christ.

New American Standard Bible
For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, THAT HE WILL INSTRUCT HIM? But we have the mind of Christ.

King James Bible
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For who has known the Lord's mind, that he may instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ.

International Standard Version
For "Who has known the mind of the Lord so that he can advise him?" However, we have the mind of the Messiah.

NET Bible
For who has known the mind of the Lord, so as to advise him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For who has known the mind of THE LORD JEHOVAH that he may teach him? But we do have the mind of The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Who has known the mind of the Lord so that he can teach him?" However, we have the mind of Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For who has known the understanding of the Lord? Who has instructed him? But we have the understanding of Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

American King James Version
For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

American Standard Version
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that we may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
For who has known the mind of [the] Lord, who shall instruct him? But *we* have the mind of Christ.

English Revised Version
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Weymouth New Testament
For who has penetrated the mind of the Lord, and will instruct Him? But *we* have the mind of Christ.

World English Bible
"For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him?" But we have Christ's mind.

Young's Literal Translation
for who did know the mind of the Lord that he shall instruct Him? and we -- we have the mind of Christ.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:10-16 God has revealed true wisdom to us by his Spirit. Here is a proof of the Divine authority of the Holy Scriptures, 2Pe 1:21. In proof of the Divinity of the Holy Ghost, observe, that he knows all things, and he searches all things, even the deep things of God. No one can know the things of God, but his Holy Spirit, who is one with the Father and the Son, and who makes known Divine mysteries to his church. This is most clear testimony, both to the real Godhead and the distinct person of the Holy Spirit. The apostles were not guided by worldly principles. They had the revelation of these things from the Spirit of God, and the saving impression of them from the same Spirit. These things they declared in plain, simple language, taught by the Holy Spirit, totally different from the affected oratory or enticing words of man's wisdom. The natural man, the wise man of the world, receives not the things of the Spirit of God. The pride of carnal reasoning is really as much opposed to spirituality, as the basest sensuality. The sanctified mind discerns the real beauties of holiness, but the power of discerning and judging about common and natural things is not lost. But the carnal man is a stranger to the principles, and pleasures, and actings of the Divine life. The spiritual man only, is the person to whom God gives the knowledge of his will. How little have any known of the mind of God by natural power! And the apostles were enabled by his Spirit to make known his mind. In the Holy Scriptures, the mind of Christ, and the mind of God in Christ, are fully made known to us. It is the great privilege of Christians, that they have the mind of Christ revealed to them by his Spirit. They experience his sanctifying power in their hearts, and bring forth good fruits in their lives.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - Who hath known the mind of the Lord? "The Lord" is Jehovah (see Isaiah 40:13, LXX.; Romans 11:34). This is the reason why no one can judge the spiritual man in his spiritual life. To do so is like judging God. We have the mind of Christ. So Christ himself had told the apostles (John 15:15); and St. Paul always claimed to have been taught by direct revelation from Christ (Galatians 1:11, 12). They had the Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9), and therefore the mind of Christ.





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For who hath known the mind of the Lord,.... The deep counsels of his heart, the scheme of salvation by Jesus Christ, as drawn in his eternal mind, the sense of the Spirit of God in the writings of the Old Testament, the things of the Spirit of God, or the doctrines of grace more clearly revealed under the Gospel dispensation; not any natural man, by the light of truth and strength of reason, has known any of these things. The apostle either cites or alludes to Isaiah 40:13

that he may instruct him? not the Lord, who needs no instruction from any, nor can any teach and instruct him, nor would any be so bold and insolent as to attempt it nor does the knowledge of the mind of the Lord qualify any for such a work; since if he knows ever so much of it, he cannot know more than the Lord himself: but the spiritual man, whom a natural man, being ignorant of the mind of the Lord, cannot instruct; and so the words give a very proper and sufficient reason why the spiritual man is not discerned, judged, convinced, and instructed by the natural man:

but we have the mind of Christ; the same with "the mind of the Lord" which proves that Christ is the Lord, or Jehovah, and so truly and properly God; and which is to be understood, not only of the apostles and ministers of the Gospel, but of all true believers; and therefore want no instruction, as they can have none from the natural man; though chiefly of the former, whereby they were abundantly qualified for the further instruction even of spiritual men.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. For—proof of 1Co 2:15, that the spiritual man "is judged of no man." In order to judge the spiritual man, the ordinary man must "know the mind of the Lord." But "who of ordinary men knows" that?

that he may instruct him—that is, so as to be able to set Him right as His counsellor (quoted from Isa 40:13, 14). So the Septuagint translates the Greek verb, which means to "prove," in Ac 9:22. Natural men who judge spiritual men, living according to the mind of God ("We have the mind of Christ"), are virtually wishing to instruct God, and bring Him to another mind, as counsellors setting to right their king.

we have the mind of Christ—in our degree of capability to apprehend it. Isa 40:13, 14 refers to Jehovah: therefore, as it is applied here to Christ, He is Jehovah.

1 Corinthians 2:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Wisdom from the Spirit of God
15But he who is spiritual appraises all things, yet he himself is appraised by no one. 16For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, THAT HE WILL INSTRUCT HIM? But we have the mind of Christ.
Cross References
Isaiah 40:13
Who can fathom the Spirit of the LORD, or instruct the LORD as his counselor?

Jeremiah 23:18
But which of them has stood in the council of the LORD to see or to hear his word? Who has listened and heard his word?

John 15:15
I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master's business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you.

Romans 11:34
"Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?"

1 Corinthians 12:8
To one there is given through the Spirit a message of wisdom, to another a message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit,
Treasury of Scripture

For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

who.

Job 15:8 Have you heard the secret of God? and do you restrain wisdom to yourself?

Job 22:2 Can a man be profitable to God, as he that is wise may be profitable to himself?

Job 40:2 Shall he that contends with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproves …

Isaiah 40:13,14 Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has …

Jeremiah 23:18 For who has stood in the counsel of the LORD, and has perceived and …

Romans 11:34 For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

may. Gr. shall. But.

John 15:15 From now on I call you not servants; for the servant knows not what …

John 16:13-16 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you …

John 17:6-8 I have manifested your name to the men which you gave me out of the …

Genesis 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his …

Ephesians 3:3,4 How that by revelation he made known to me the mystery; (as I wrote …

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