Romans 11:34
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?"

New Living Translation
For who can know the LORD's thoughts? Who knows enough to give him advice?

English Standard Version
“For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?”

New American Standard Bible
For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, OR WHO BECAME HIS COUNSELOR?

King James Bible
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counseller?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been His counselor?

International Standard Version
Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become his adviser?

NET Bible
For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For who has known the mind of THE LORD JEHOVAH, or who has been a counselor to him?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Who knows how the Lord thinks? Who can become his adviser?"

Jubilee Bible 2000
For who has understood the intent of the Lord? or who has been his counsellor?

King James 2000 Bible
For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

American King James Version
For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

American Standard Version
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? Or who hath been his counsellor?

Darby Bible Translation
For who has known [the] mind of [the] Lord, or who has been his counsellor?

English Revised Version
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

Webster's Bible Translation
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counselor?

Weymouth New Testament
"Who has ever known the mind of the Lord, or shared His counsels?"

World English Bible
"For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?"

Young's Literal Translation
for who did know the mind of the Lord? or who did become His counsellor?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:33-36 The apostle Paul knew the mysteries of the kingdom of God as well as ever any man; yet he confesses himself at a loss; and despairing to find the bottom, he humbly sits down at the brink, and adores the depth. Those who know most in this imperfect state, feel their own weakness most. There is not only depth in the Divine counsels, but riches; abundance of that which is precious and valuable. The Divine counsels are complete; they have not only depth and height, but breadth and length, Eph 3:18, and that passing knowledge. There is that vast distance and disproportion between God and man, between the Creator and the creature, which for ever shuts us from knowledge of his ways. What man shall teach God how to govern the world? The apostle adores the sovereignty of the Divine counsels. All things in heaven and earth, especially those which relate to our salvation, that belong to our peace, are all of him by way of creation, through him by way of providence, that they may be to him in their end. Of God, as the Spring and Fountain of all; through Christ, to God, as the end. These include all God's relations to his creatures; if all are of Him, and through Him, all should be to Him, and for Him. Whatever begins, let God's glory be the end: especially let us adore him when we talk of the Divine counsels and actings. The saints in heaven never dispute, but always praise.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For who hath known the mind of the Lord,.... The intentions of his mind, the thoughts of his heart, and the counsels of his will: these could never have been known, if he had not revealed them; nor can the doctrines relating to them, though externally revealed, be known by the natural man, or by the mere dint of nature, but only by the light of the Spirit of God; who searches them, and makes them known in a spiritual manner to spiritual men, who have a spiritual discerning of them; and yet even by these they are not known perfectly, only in part, and are seen through a glass darkly:

or who hath been his counsellor? or was of his council, when all things were fixed according to his sovereign will: when the scheme of man's salvation was consulted and agreed upon between the eternal Three, there was no creature, angel, or man there; no created angel, only the eternal One, "the Counsellor", Isaiah 9:6; or as the Septuagint there style him, , "the angel of the great council"; none but Father, Son, and Spirit, were present, when the book of life was made, when the names of God's elect were put into it, and others left out; when all things relating to his chosen ones, both for time and eternity, whether among Jews or Gentiles, were determined, ordered, and settled; and as there was no creature that assisted, or could give any advice about these matters, so there were none that were privy to the resolutions, determinations, and counsels of his will; which were purposed in himself and in his Son, and were known only to them and his Spirit, which is in him: from the whole it appears, that predestination is not according to men's works, or the foresight of them; for then these things would be plain and easy, they would not be unsearchable and past finding out; there would not be an unfathomable depth in them; the mind and counsels of God, and the springs of them, would be obvious; but it is according to his secret, sovereign, and unchangeable will.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

34, 35. For who hath known the mind of the Lord?—See Job 15:8; Jer 23:18.

or who hath been his counsellor—See Isa 40:13, 14.

Romans 11:34 Additional Commentaries
Context
Doxology
33Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! 34For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, OR WHO BECAME HIS COUNSELOR? 35Or WHO HAS FIRST GIVEN TO HIM THAT IT MIGHT BE PAID BACK TO HIM AGAIN?…
Cross References
Job 15:8
Do you listen in on God's council? Do you have a monopoly on wisdom?

Job 21:22
"Can anyone teach knowledge to God, since he judges even the highest?

Isaiah 40:13
Who can fathom the Spirit of the LORD, or instruct the LORD as his counselor?

1 Corinthians 2:16
for, "Who has known the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?" But we have the mind of Christ.
Treasury of Scripture

For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

Job 15:8 Have you heard the secret of God? and do you restrain wisdom to yourself?

Job 36:22 Behold, God exalts by his power: who teaches like him?

Isaiah 40:13 Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has taught him?

Jeremiah 23:18 For who has stood in the counsel of the LORD, and has perceived and …

1 Corinthians 2:16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? …

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