Isaiah 40:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Who can fathom the Spirit of the LORD, or instruct the LORD as his counselor?

New Living Translation
Who is able to advise the Spirit of the LORD? Who knows enough to give him advice or teach him?

English Standard Version
Who has measured the Spirit of the LORD, or what man shows him his counsel?

New American Standard Bible
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, Or as His counselor has informed Him?

King James Bible
Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counseller hath taught him?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or who gave Him His counsel?

International Standard Version
Who has fathomed the Spirit of the LORD, or as his counselor has taught him?

NET Bible
Who comprehends the mind of the LORD, or gives him instruction as his counselor?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD or instructed him as his adviser?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD or being his counsellor has taught him?

King James 2000 Bible
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has taught him?

American King James Version
Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has taught him?

American Standard Version
Who hath directed the Spirit of Jehovah, or being his counsellor hath taught him?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath forwarded the spirit of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor, and hath taught him?

Darby Bible Translation
Who hath directed the Spirit of Jehovah, and, [as] his counsellor, hath taught him?

English Revised Version
Who hath directed the spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor hath taught him?

World English Bible
Who has directed the Spirit of Yahweh, or has taught him as his counselor?

Young's Literal Translation
Who hath meted out the Spirit of Jehovah, And, being His counsellor, doth teach Him!
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

40:12-17 All created beings shrink to nothing in comparison with the Creator. When the Lord, by his Spirit, made the world, none directed his Spirit, or gave advice what to do, or how to do it. The nations, in comparison of him, are as a drop which remains in the bucket, compared with the vast ocean; or as the small dust in the balance, which does not turn it, compared with all the earth. This magnifies God's love to the world, that, though it is of such small account and value with him, yet, for the redemption of it, he gave his only-begotten Son, Joh 3:16. The services of the church can make no addition to him. Our souls must have perished for ever, if the only Son of the Father had not given himself for us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord? Mr. Cheyne remarks, that "in Isaiah there is a marked tendency to hypostatize the Spirit;" and the remark is undoubtedly a just one (see Isaiah 32:15; Isaiah 34:16; Isaiah 48:16; Isaiah 61:1, etc.). In the present place, perhaps, the introduction of "the Spirit of the Lord" arises out of the remembrance of the part in creation which is assigned to the Spirit in Genesis 1:2. He "moved," or "brooded," upon the face of the waters, and thence began the change, or series of changes, by which order was produced out of confusion. The Spirit of the Lord "directed," or regulated, these changes; but who, Isaiah asks, "directed," or regulated, the Spirit itself? Can it be supposed that he too had a director over him? Isaiah does not seriously doubt on this point, or "leave it an open question." He makes his inquiry by way of a reductio ad absurdum. Is it not absurd to suppose that he had a director or a counsellor? He does not - here, at any rate - so far "hypostatize the Spirit" as to view him as a Person distinct from the Person of God the Father, working under him, and carrying out his will. Or being his counsellor hath taught him? "The Lord by wisdom founded the earth" (Proverbs 3:19); but he was his own counsellor. He had no adviser external to himself. The wisdom which wrought with him was his own wisdom, an essential part of the Divine essence. The evangelical prophet approaches those mysteries of God's nature which the gospel brought to light, but cannot penetrate them.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord,.... In the creation of all things, in garnishing the heavens, and moving upon the face of the waters? not anyone, angel or man; there were none with him, nor did he need any to guide and direct him what to do (s):

or being his counsellor, hath taught him? or, "the man of his counsel (t)"; there was no other than the Wonderful Counsellor, the Angel of the great council, the essential Word of God, whose spirit is here spoken of.

(s) The Targum is, "who hath directed the Holy Spirit in the mouth of all the prophets? is it not the Lord?" which agrees with the accents; for so according to them the words should be rendered "who hath directed the Spirit? the Lord"; so Reinbeck, de Accent. Heb. p. 418. and who renders the next clause, and he hath made the man of his counsel (Moses) to know that.

(t) "vir a consiliis", Junius & Tremellius Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. Quoted in Ro 11:34; 1Co 2:16. The Hebrew here for "directed" is the same as in Isa 40:12 for "meted out"; thus the sense is, "Jehovah measures out heaven with His span"; but who can measure Him? that is, Who can search out His Spirit (mind) wherewith He searches out and accurately adjusts all things? Maurer rightly takes the Hebrew in the same sense as in Isa 40:12 (so Pr 16:2; 21:2), "weigh," "ponder." "Direct," as in English Version, answers, however, better to "taught" in the parallel clause.

Isaiah 40:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Here is Your God!
12Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, And marked off the heavens by the span, And calculated the dust of the earth by the measure, And weighed the mountains in a balance And the hills in a pair of scales? 13Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, Or as His counselor has informed Him? 14With whom did He consult and who gave Him understanding? And who taught Him in the path of justice and taught Him knowledge And informed Him of the way of understanding?…
Cross References
Romans 11:34
"Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?"

1 Corinthians 2:16
for, "Who has known the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?" But we have the mind of Christ.

Genesis 1:2
Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

Isaiah 41:28
I look but there is no one-- no one among the gods to give counsel, no one to give answer when I ask them.
Treasury of Scripture

Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has taught him?

hat directed

Job 21:22 Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judges those that are high.

Job 36:22,23 Behold, God exalts by his power: who teaches like him…

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who …

John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor …

Romans 11:34 For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

1 Corinthians 2:16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? …

Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance…

his counsellor. Heb. man of his counsel

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