Isaiah 40:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The grass withers and the flowers fall, because the breath of the LORD blows on them. Surely the people are grass.

New Living Translation
The grass withers and the flowers fade beneath the breath of the LORD. And so it is with people.

English Standard Version
The grass withers, the flower fades when the breath of the LORD blows on it; surely the people are grass.

New American Standard Bible
The grass withers, the flower fades, When the breath of the LORD blows upon it; Surely the people are grass.

King James Bible
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The grass withers, the flowers fade when the breath of the LORD blows on them; indeed, the people are grass.

International Standard Version
Grass withers and flowers fade away when the LORD's breath blows on them; surely the people are like grass.

NET Bible
The grass dries up, the flowers wither, when the wind sent by the LORD blows on them. Surely humanity is like grass.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Grass dries up, and flowers wither when the LORD's breath blows on them. Yes, people are like grass.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The grass withers, the flower fades because the spirit of the LORD blows upon it; surely the people is grass.

King James 2000 Bible
The grass withers, the flower fades: because the breath of the LORD blows upon it: surely the people are grass.

American King James Version
The grass wither, the flower fades: because the spirit of the LORD blows on it: surely the people is grass.

American Standard Version
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth, because the breath of Jehovah bloweth upon it; surely the people is grass.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The grass is withered, and the dower is fallen, because the spirit of the Lord hath blown upon it. Indeed the people is grass:

Darby Bible Translation
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth, for the breath of Jehovah bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.

English Revised Version
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; because the breath of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.

Webster's Bible Translation
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.

World English Bible
The grass withers, the flower fades, because Yahweh's breath blows on it. Surely the people are like grass.

Young's Literal Translation
Withered hath grass, faded the flower, For the Spirit of Jehovah blew upon it, Surely the people is grass;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

40:1-11 All human life is a warfare; the Christian life is the most so; but the struggle will not last always. Troubles are removed in love, when sin is pardoned. In the great atonement of the death of Christ, the mercy of God is exercised to the glory of his justice. In Christ, and his sufferings, true penitents receive of the Lord's hand double for all their sins; for the satisfaction Christ made by his death was of infinite value. The prophet had some reference to the return of the Jews from Babylon. But this is a small event, compared with that pointed out by the Holy Ghost in the New Testament, when John the Baptist proclaimed the approach of Christ. When eastern princes marched through desert countries, ways were prepared for them, and hinderances removed. And may the Lord prepare our hearts by the teaching of his word and the convictions of his Spirit, that high and proud thoughts may be brought down, good desires planted, crooked and rugged tempers made straight and softened, and every hinderance removed, that we may be ready for his will on earth, and prepared for his heavenly kingdom. What are all that belongs to fallen man, or all that he does, but as the grass and the flower thereof! And what will all the titles and possessions of a dying sinner avail, when they leave him under condemnation! The word of the Lord can do that for us, which all flesh cannot. The glad tidings of the coming of Christ were to be sent forth to the ends of the earth. Satan is the strong man armed; but our Lord Jesus is stronger; and he shall proceed, and do all that he purposes. Christ is the good Shepherd; he shows tender care for young converts, weak believers, and those of a sorrowful spirit. By his word he requires no more service, and by his providence he inflicts no more trouble, than he will strengthen them for. May we know our Shepherd's voice, and follow him, proving ourselves his sheep.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 7. - The flower fadeth: because the Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it. When the hot winds, which God sends, blow in spring-time, the flowers fade; when a destroying breath from him (see Isaiah 30:33) passes over the generations of men, they perish. Surely the people is grass. Either a mere repetition of "all flesh is grass" (ver. 6) with an asseveration, or an intimation that "the people" of Israel is not exempt from the lot of mankind in general, but shares it.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The grass withereth, the flower fadeth,.... And so does man, and all his glory and goodliness:

because the Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it: alluding to some impetuous and blasting wind blowing upon herbs and flowers, to the withering and fading of them; see Psalm 103:15, legal ordinances ceased upon the pouring forth of the Spirit. The external excellencies of men, or their outward advantages, perish at the breath of God, at the blast of his nostrils, when taken away by death; and at conversion the Spirit of the Lord blows a blast upon all the goodliness of man; the operations of the Spirit are compared to wind, John 3:8, which, like that, are free, and, as he pleases, are invisible and imperceptible, land powerful and efficacious, and these cause a withering in men's goodness; the Spirit of God shows that their holiness is not true holiness; that their righteousness has only the appearance of one before men; and their religion and godliness a mere form; and their good works, "splendida peccata", shining sins; that those are insufficient to justify and save, and bring to heaven; upon which they fade away and die in their esteem, who now reckon them but loss and dung, Philippians 3:6, "surely the people is grass"; the people of the Jews, with all their external advantages; yea, all people, with all the excellencies of human nature, or considered in their best estate, possessed of all that is reckoned good and great, being but mere natural men. The Targum restrains this to the ungodly, as it does the former verse, rendering it,

"as grass the wicked among the people are esteemed;''

as it does the former, thus,

"the wicked are as grass, and their strength as the stubble of the field.''

So Kimchi interprets them of the nations that come with Gog and Magog; and Jarchi of the princes of the kingdoms; but very wrongly, since it is true of all flesh, or of all mankind.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

7. spirit of the Lord—rather, "wind of Jehovah" (Ps 103:16). The withering east wind of those countries sent by Jehovah (Jon 4:8).

the people—rather, "this people" [Lowth], which may refer to the Babylonians [Rosenmuller]; but better, mankind in general, as in Isa 42:5, so Isa 40:6, "all flesh"; this whole race, that is, man.

Isaiah 40:7 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Word of the Lord Stands Forever
6A voice says, "Call out." Then he answered, "What shall I call out?" All flesh is grass, and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field. 7The grass withers, the flower fades, When the breath of the LORD blows upon it; Surely the people are grass. 8The grass withers, the flower fades, But the word of our God stands forever.
Cross References
James 1:10
But the rich should take pride in their humiliation--since they will pass away like a wild flower.

James 1:11
For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way, the rich will fade away even while they go about their business.

Job 4:9
At the breath of God they perish; at the blast of his anger they are no more.

Job 14:2
They spring up like flowers and wither away; like fleeting shadows, they do not endure.

Job 41:21
Its breath sets coals ablaze, and flames dart from its mouth.

Psalm 90:5
Yet you sweep people away in the sleep of death-- they are like the new grass of the morning:

Psalm 90:6
In the morning it springs up new, but by evening it is dry and withered.

Psalm 102:4
My heart is blighted and withered like grass; I forget to eat my food.

Psalm 103:16
the wind blows over it and it is gone, and its place remembers it no more.

Isaiah 11:4
but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.

Isaiah 37:27
Their people, drained of power, are dismayed and put to shame. They are like plants in the field, like tender green shoots, like grass sprouting on the roof, scorched before it grows up.

Isaiah 40:24
No sooner are they planted, no sooner are they sown, no sooner do they take root in the ground, than he blows on them and they wither, and a whirlwind sweeps them away like chaff.

Isaiah 51:12
"I, even I, am he who comforts you. Who are you that you fear mere mortals, human beings who are but grass,

Haggai 1:9
"You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little. What you brought home, I blew away. Why?" declares the LORD Almighty. "Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house.
Treasury of Scripture

The grass wither, the flower fades: because the spirit of the LORD blows on it: surely the people is grass.

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