Mark 7:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed.

New Living Translation
They noticed that some of his disciples failed to follow the Jewish ritual of hand washing before eating.

English Standard Version
they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed.

Berean Study Bible
and they saw some of His disciples eating with hands that were defiled--that is, unwashed.

Berean Literal Bible
And they had seen that some of His disciples are eating the bread with defiled, that is, unwashed hands.

New American Standard Bible
and had seen that some of His disciples were eating their bread with impure hands, that is, unwashed.

King James Bible
And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They observed that some of His disciples were eating their bread with unclean--that is, unwashed--hands.

International Standard Version
They noticed that some of his disciples were eating with unclean hands, that is, without washing them.

NET Bible
And they saw that some of Jesus' disciples ate their bread with unclean hands, that is, unwashed.

New Heart English Bible
Now when they saw that some of his disciples ate bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands, they found fault.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they saw some of his disciples eating bread when they had not washed their hands, and they found fault.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They saw that some of his disciples were unclean because they ate without washing their hands.

New American Standard 1977
and had seen that some of His disciples were eating their bread with impure hands, that is, unwashed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
who upon seeing some of his disciples eat bread with common, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they condemned them.

King James 2000 Bible
And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault.

American King James Version
And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault.

American Standard Version
and had seen that some of his disciples ate their bread with defiled, that is, unwashen, hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when they had seen some of his disciples eat bread with common, that is, with unwashed hands, they found fault.

Darby Bible Translation
and seeing some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands,

English Revised Version
and had seen that some of his disciples ate their bread with defiled, that is, unwashen, hands.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled (that is to say with unwashed) hands, they found fault.

Weymouth New Testament
They had noticed that some of His disciples were eating their food with 'unclean' (that is to say, unwashed)

World English Bible
Now when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled, that is, unwashed, hands, they found fault.

Young's Literal Translation
and having seen certain of his disciples with defiled hands -- that is, unwashed -- eating bread, they found fault;
Study Bible
Tradition and Worship
1Then the Pharisees and some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus, 2and they saw some of His disciples eating with hands that were defiled — that is, unwashed. 3Now in holding to the tradition of the elders, the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat until they wash their hands ceremonially.…
Cross References
Matthew 15:2
"Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? They do not wash their hands when they eat."

Mark 7:5
So the Pharisees and scribes questioned Jesus: "Why do Your disciples not live according to the tradition of the elders? Instead, they eat with defiled hands."

Luke 11:38
But the Pharisee was astonished to see that Jesus did not first wash before the meal.

Acts 10:14
"No, Lord!" Peter answered, "I have never eaten anything impure or unclean."

Acts 10:28
He said to them, "You know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with a foreigner or visit him. But God has shown me that I should not call any man impure or unclean.

Acts 11:8
No, Lord,' I said, 'for nothing impure or unclean has ever entered my mouth.'

Romans 14:14
I am convinced and fully persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself. But if anyone regards something as unclean, then for him it is unclean.

Hebrews 10:29
How much more severely do you think one deserves to be punished who has trampled on the Son of God, profaned the blood of the covenant that sanctified him, and insulted the Spirit of grace?

Revelation 21:27
But nothing unclean will ever enter it, nor anyone who practices an abomination or a lie, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb's book of life.
Treasury of Scripture

And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault.

defiled. or, common.

Acts 10:14,15,28 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that …

they found.

Daniel 6:4,5 Then the presidents and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel …

Matthew 7:3-5 And why behold you the mote that is in your brother's eye, but consider …

Matthew 23:23-25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe …

(2) With defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands.--The first word means literally common. This came to be associated, as in Acts 10:14, with what was "unclean," and so, for Jews at all events, the word acquired a new meaning. St. Mark's Gentile readers, however, were not likely to understand what was meant by "common hands," and therefore he adds his explanation of "unwashed."

And when they saw some of his disciples,.... An opportunity soon offered of giving them an handle against him: for observing some of his disciples to sit down to meat, they took notice that they

eat bread with defiled (that is to say, with unwashen) hands, and

they found fault; with them, and charged them with the breach of the traditions of the elders, and took an occasion from hence of quarrelling with Christ. The Jews use the same phrase the evangelist here does, and interpret it in just the same manner: so, speaking of things eaten, , "with defiled hands"; that is, says the commentator (i), it is all one as if it was said, , "without washing of hands"; which was esteemed a very great crime, and especially if done in a contemptuous way: for they say (k),

"he that despiseth washing of hands, shall be rooted out of the world; for in it is the secret of the decalogue:''

and particularly to eat with unwashed hands, was unpardonable in a disciple of a wise man; for they looked upon this to be the characteristic of one of the vulgar people, a common and illiterate man: for they ask (l),

"who is one of the people of the earth, or a plebeian? he that does not eat his common food with purity.''

By this also they distinguished a Jew from a Gentile; if he washed his hands, and blessed, he was known to be an Israelite, but if not, a Gentile (m); See Gill on Matthew 15:2.

(i) Bartenora in Misn. Cholin, c. 2. sect. 5. (k) Zoharin Numb fol. 100. 3.((l) T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 61. 1.((m) Bevaidbar Rabba, fol. 228. 4. 7:1-13 One great design of Christ's coming was, to set aside the ceremonial law; and to make way for this, he rejects the ceremonies men added to the law of God's making. Those clean hands and that pure heart which Christ bestows on his disciples, and requires of them, are very different from the outward and superstitious forms of Pharisees of every age. Jesus reproves them for rejecting the commandment of God. It is clear that it is the duty of children, if their parents are poor, to relieve them as far as they are able; and if children deserve to die that curse their parents, much more those that starve them. But if a man conformed to the traditions of the Pharisees, they found a device to free him from the claim of this duty.
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