2839. koinos
Strong's Concordance
koinos: common
Original Word: κοινός, ή, όν
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: koinos
Phonetic Spelling: (koy-nos')
Short Definition: common, shared, unclean
Definition: (a) common, shared, (b) Hebraistic use: profane; dirty, unclean, unwashed.
HELPS Word-studies

2839 koinós – properly, common, referring to what is defiled (stripped of specialness) because treated as ordinary ("common"). 2839 /koinós ("defiled") describes the result of a person reducing what God calls special (holy, set apart) – to what is mundane, i.e. stripping it of its sacredness.

2839 /koinós ("defiled because treated as common") is always used negatively, i.e. for what is profaned – except in Jude 1:3 where it refers to the gift of salvation shared (held in common) by all true believers.

[2839 /koinós ("common") typically refers to spiritual desecration. This happens when a person treats what is sacred (set apart to God) as ordinary ("not special").]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from sun
NASB Translation
common (3), common property (1), impure (2), unclean (5), unholy (5).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2839: κοινός

κοινός, κοινῇ, κοινόν (from ξύν, σύν, with; hence especially in epic ξυνός for κοινός, whence the Latincena ((?); see Vanicek, p. 1065));

1. as in Greek writings from Hesiod (Works, 721) down (opposed to ἴδιος) common (i. e. belonging to several, Latincommunis): Acts 2:44; Acts 4:32; κοινῇ πίστις, Titus 1:4; σωτηρία, Jude 1:3.

2. by a usage foreign to classical Greek, common i. e. ordinary, belonging to the generality (Latinvulgaris); by the Jews opposed to ἅγιος, ἡγιασμένος, καθαρός; hence unhallowed, Latinprofanus, levitically unclean (in classical Greek βέβηλος, which see 2): Mark 7:2, 5 (where R L marginal reading ἀνίπτοις); Romans 14:14; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 21:27 (Rec. κοινοῦν) (1 Macc. 1:47; φαγεῖν κοινά; 1 Macc. 1:62; κοινοῖ ἄνθρωποι, common people,profanum vulgus, Josephus, Antiquities 12, 2, 14; οἱ τόν κοινόν βίον προηρήμενοι, i. e. a life repugnant to the holy law, ibid. 13, 1, 1; οὐ γάρ ὡς κοινόν ἄρτον οὐδέ ὡς κονον πόμα ταῦτα (i. e. the bread and wine of the sacred supper) λαμβάνομεν, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 66; (οἱ Χριστιανοι) τράπεζαν κοινήν παρατιθενται, ἀλλ' οὐ κοινήν, a table communis but not profanus, Ep. ad Diogn. 5 [ET], on which cf. Otto's note); κοινόν καί (R G ) ἀκάθαρτον, Acts 10:14; κοινόν ἀκάθαρτον, Acts 10:28; Acts 11:8 (κοινά ἀκάθαρτα οὐκ ἐσθίομεν, Justin Martyr, dialog contra Trypho,

c. 20). (Cf. Trench, § ci.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
common, defiled, unclean, unholy.

Probably from sun; common, i.e. (literally) shared by all or several, or (ceremonially) profane -- common, defiled, unclean, unholy.

see GREEK sun

Forms and Transliterations
κοινα κοινά κοιναις κοιναίς κοιναῖς κοινή κοινην κοινήν κοινὴν κοινης κοινής κοινῆς κοινον κοινόν κοινὸν κοινώ koina koiná koinais koinaîs koinen koinēn koinḕn koines koinês koinēs koinē̂s koinon koinón koinòn
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 2839
14 Occurrences

κοινά — 2 Occ.
κοιναῖς — 2 Occ.
κοινὴν — 1 Occ.
κοινῆς — 1 Occ.
κοινὸν — 8 Occ.

Mark 7:2 Adj-DFP
GRK: αὐτοῦ ὅτι κοιναῖς χερσίν τοῦτ'
NAS: their bread with impure hands,
KJV: bread with defiled, that is to say,
INT: of him that with defiled hands that

Mark 7:5 Adj-DFP
GRK: πρεσβυτέρων ἀλλὰ κοιναῖς χερσὶν ἐσθίουσιν
NAS: their bread with impure hands?
INT: elders but with unwashed hands eat

Acts 2:44 Adj-ANP
GRK: εἶχον ἅπαντα κοινά
NAS: and had all things in common;
KJV: had all things common;
INT: having all things in common

Acts 4:32 Adj-NNP
GRK: αὐτοῖς ἅπαντα κοινά
NAS: but all things were common property to them.
KJV: had all things common.
INT: to them all things common

Acts 10:14 Adj-ANS
GRK: ἔφαγον πᾶν κοινὸν καὶ ἀκάθαρτον
NAS: eaten anything unholy and unclean.
KJV: any thing that is common or
INT: did I eat anything common or unclean

Acts 10:28 Adj-AMS
GRK: ἔδειξεν μηδένα κοινὸν ἢ ἀκάθαρτον
NAS: any man unholy or unclean.
KJV: any man common or unclean.
INT: showed not common or unclean

Acts 11:8 Adj-ANS
GRK: κύριε ὅτι κοινὸν ἢ ἀκάθαρτον
NAS: Lord, for nothing unholy or unclean
KJV: for nothing common or unclean
INT: Lord for common or unclean

Romans 14:14 Adj-NNS
GRK: ὅτι οὐδὲν κοινὸν δι' ἑαυτοῦ
NAS: that nothing is unclean in itself;
KJV: [there is] nothing unclean of
INT: that nothing [is] unclean of itself

Romans 14:14 Adj-ANS
GRK: λογιζομένῳ τι κοινὸν εἶναι ἐκείνῳ
NAS: anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
KJV: to be unclean, to him
INT: reckons anything unclean to be to that one

Romans 14:14 Adj-NNS
GRK: εἶναι ἐκείνῳ κοινόν
NAS: to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
KJV: unclean, to him [it is] unclean.
INT: to be to that one unclean [it is]

Titus 1:4 Adj-AFS
GRK: τέκνῳ κατὰ κοινὴν πίστιν χάρις
NAS: my TRUE child in a common faith: Grace
KJV: son after the common faith: Grace,
INT: child according to [our] common faith Grace

Hebrews 10:29 Adj-ANS
GRK: τῆς διαθήκης κοινὸν ἡγησάμενος ἐν
NAS: and has regarded as unclean the blood
KJV: he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and
INT: of the covenant common having esteemed in

Jude 1:3 Adj-GFS
GRK: περὶ τῆς κοινῆς ἡμῶν σωτηρίας
NAS: you about our common salvation,
KJV: of the common salvation,
INT: concerning the common of us salvation

Revelation 21:27 Adj-NNS
GRK: αὐτὴν πᾶν κοινὸν καὶ ὁ
NAS: and nothing unclean, and no
INT: it anything defiling and those

14 Occurrences

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