Exodus 28:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These are the garments they are to make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

New Living Translation
These are the garments they are to make: a chestpiece, an ephod, a robe, a patterned tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother, Aaron, and his sons to wear when they serve me as priests.

English Standard Version
These are the garments that they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a coat of checker work, a turban, and a sash. They shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons to serve me as priests.

New American Standard Bible
"These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me.

King James Bible
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the garments that they must make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a specially woven tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for your brother Aaron and his sons so that they may serve Me as priests.

International Standard Version
These are the garments that they are to make: a breast piece, an ephod, a robe, a checkered tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for Aaron your brother and for his sons to serve me as priests.

NET Bible
Now these are the garments that they are to make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a fitted tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for your brother Aaron and for his sons, that they may minister as my priests.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the clothes they will make: a breastplate, an ephod and the robe that is worn with it, another specially woven linen robe, the chief priest's turban, and a cloth belt. They will make these holy clothes for your brother Aaron and his sons so that they can serve me as priests.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And these are the garments which they shall make: the pectoral, the ephod, the robe, the broidered coat, the mitre, and the girdle. Therefore let them make the holy garments for Aaron, thy brother, and his sons, that they may be my priests.

King James 2000 Bible
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and an embroidered coat, a turban, and a band: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

American King James Version
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a turban, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.

American Standard Version
And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of checker work, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And these shall be the vestments that they shall make: A rational and an ephod, a tunick and a strait linen garment, a mitre and a girdle. They shall make the holy vestments for thy brother Aaron and his sons, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me.

Darby Bible Translation
And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a cloak, and a checkered vest, a turban, and a girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may serve me as priest.

English Revised Version
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of chequer work, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Webster's Bible Translation
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breast-plate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a miter, and a girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.

World English Bible
These are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of checker work, a turban, and a sash: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.

Young's Literal Translation
And these are the garments which they make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and an upper robe, and an embroidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle; yea, they have made holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, for his being priest to Me.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:1-5 Hitherto the heads of families were the priests, and offered sacrifices; but now this office was confined to the family of Aaron only; and so continued till the gospel dispensation. The holy garments not only distinguished the priests from the people, but were emblems of that holy conduct which should ever be the glory and beauty, the mark of the ministers of religion, without which their persons and ministrations will be had in contempt. They also typified the glory of the Divine majesty, and the beauty of complete holiness, which rendered Jesus Christ the great High Priest. But our adorning under the gospel, is not to be of gold and costly array, but the garments of salvation, the robe of righteousness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - These are the garments. The enumeration does not follow the same order exactly as the description. The two agree, however, in giving the precedence to the same three articles of apparel out of the six - viz., the breast-plate, the ephod, and the robe. His sons - i.e., his successors in the office of high priest, The materials of the priestly garments.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And these are the garments which they shall make,.... Some for Aaron and some for his sons, some peculiar to the high priest, and others in common to him and other priests:

a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle; of each of which, with others, there is a more particular account in this chapter, and will be observed in their order:

and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons: as those before mentioned, with some others not mentioned; some for Aaron only, and others that were to be worn by his sons also:

that he may minister unto me in the priest's office; these were absolutely necessary to the execution of the priestly office, and an essential qualification for it, and without which it was not lawful to serve in it.



Exodus 28:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Garments for the Priests
3"You shall speak to all the skillful persons whom I have endowed with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister as priest to Me. 4"These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me. 5"They shall take the gold and the blue and the purple and the scarlet material and the fine linen.
Cross References
Exodus 25:7
and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

Exodus 28:15
"Fashion a breastpiece for making decisions--the work of skilled hands. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen.

Exodus 28:39
"Weave the tunic of fine linen and make the turban of fine linen. The sash is to be the work of an embroiderer.

Exodus 28:40
Make tunics, sashes and caps for Aaron's sons to give them dignity and honor.

Exodus 29:6
Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred emblem to the turban.

Leviticus 8:7
He put the tunic on Aaron, tied the sash around him, clothed him with the robe and put the ephod on him. He also fastened the ephod with a decorative waistband, which he tied around him.

Hosea 3:4
For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or household gods.
Treasury of Scripture

And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a turban, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.

a breastplate. Choshen, in Hebrew is used for the square breast-plate of the high priest, in which were set twelve precious stones, each being engraved with the name of one of the sons of Jacob

Exodus 28:15 And you shall make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; …

Exodus 39:8-21 And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the …

Isaiah 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation …

Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having …

1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate …

Revelation 9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, …

ephod. The ephod seems to have been a short cloak, without sleeves

Exodus 28:6-14 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of …

Exodus 39:2-5,21,22 And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and …

Leviticus 8:7,8 And he put on him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed …

1 Samuel 2:18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn you, and fall on the priests. And …

1 Samuel 23:6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David …

1 Samuel 30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray you, …

2 Samuel 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was …

a robe. The word meil, from alah, to ascend, to up on, may be considered as an upper garment that goes up or over the rest, a surtout

Exodus 28:31-34 And you shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue…

Exodus 39:25,26 And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates …

broidered

Exodus 28:29,40 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate …

Leviticus 8:7 And he put on him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed …

a mitre

Exodus 39:28 And a turban of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and …

Leviticus 8:9 And he put the turban on his head; also on the turban, even on his …

a girdle

Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness …

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