Exodus 28:12
New International Version
and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the LORD.

New Living Translation
Fasten the two stones on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod as a reminder that Aaron represents the people of Israel. Aaron will carry these names on his shoulders as a constant reminder whenever he goes before the LORD.

English Standard Version
And you shall set the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for remembrance.

Berean Study Bible
Fasten both stones onto the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear their names on his two shoulders as a memorial before the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

King James Bible
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Christian Standard Bible
Fasten both stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the Israelites. Aaron will carry their names on his two shoulders before the LORD as a reminder.

Good News Translation
Put them on the shoulder straps of the ephod to represent the twelve tribes of Israel. In this way Aaron will carry their names on his shoulders, so that I, the LORD, will always remember my people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Fasten both stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the Israelites. Aaron will carry their names on his two shoulders before the LORD as a reminder.

International Standard Version
You are to put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as stones of remembrance representing the sons of Israel, and Aaron is to carry their names into the LORD's presence on his two shoulders as a memorial.

NET Bible
You are to put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod, stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron will bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

New Heart English Bible
You shall put the two stones on the shoulder straps of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and fasten them on the shoulder straps of the ephod as reminders of who the Israelites are. In this way Aaron will carry their names on his shoulders as a reminder in the LORD's presence.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

American King James Version
And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial to the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt put the two stones on the shoulders of the shoulder-piece: they are memorial-stones for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel before the Lord on his two shoulders, a memorial for them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt put them in both sides of the ephod, a memorial for the children of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord upon both shoulders, for a remembrance.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod [as] stones of memorial for the children of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulderpieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial to the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

World English Bible
You shall put the two stones on the shoulder straps of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before Yahweh on his two shoulders for a memorial.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast set the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod -- stones of memorial to the sons of Israel -- and Aaron hath borne their names before Jehovah, on his two shoulders, for a memorial.
Study Bible
The Ephod
11Engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel, to be set as a gem cutter engraves a seal. Mount the stones in gold filigree settings. 12Fasten both stones onto the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear their names on his two shoulders as a memorial before the LORD. 13Fashion gold filigree settings…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 11:24
and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, "This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me."

Exodus 28:11
Engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel, to be set as a gem cutter engraves a seal. Mount the stones in gold filigree settings.

Exodus 28:29
Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place, he shall bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of judgment, as a continual reminder before the LORD.

Exodus 39:6
They mounted the onyx stones in gold filigree settings, engraved like a seal with the names of the sons of Israel,

Exodus 39:7
and fastened them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Leviticus 24:7
And you are to place pure frankincense near each row, so that it may serve as a memorial portion for the bread, an offering made by fire to the LORD.

Numbers 31:54
And Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from the commanders of thousands and of hundreds and brought it into the Tent of Meeting as a memorial for the Israelites before the LORD.

Deuteronomy 33:12
Concerning Benjamin he said: "May the beloved of the LORD rest secure in Him; God shields him all day long, and upon His shoulders he rests."

Joshua 4:7
you are to tell them, 'The waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD. When it crossed the Jordan, its waters were cut off.' Therefore these stones will be a memorial to the Israelites forever."

Treasury of Scripture

And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial to the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial.

the shoulders

Exodus 28:7
It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together.

Psalm 89:19
Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.

Isaiah 9:6
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Aaron shall bear

Exodus 28:29
And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.

Exodus 39:6,7
And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel…

for a memorial

Exodus 12:14
And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

Exodus 13:9
And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.

Exodus 39:7
And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.







Lexicon
Fasten
וְשַׂמְתָּ֞ (wə·śam·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

both
שְׁתֵּ֣י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

stones
הָאֲבָנִ֗ים (hā·’ă·ḇā·nîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 68: A stone

onto
עַ֚ל (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the shoulder pieces
כִּתְפֹ֣ת (kiṯ·p̄ōṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 3802: The shoulder, side-piece, lateral projection of anything

of the ephod
הָֽאֵפֹ֔ד (hā·’ê·p̄ōḏ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 646: A girdle, the ephod, highpriest's shoulder-piece, an image

as memorial
זִכָּרֹ֖ן (zik·kā·rōn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2146: Memorial, remembrance

stones
אַבְנֵ֥י (’aḇ·nê)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 68: A stone

for the sons
לִבְנֵ֣י (liḇ·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Israel.
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Aaron
אַהֲרֹ֨ן (’a·hă·rōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

is to bear
וְנָשָׂא֩ (wə·nā·śā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

their names
שְׁמוֹתָ֜ם (šə·mō·w·ṯām)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his two
שְׁתֵּ֥י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

shoulders
כְתֵפָ֖יו (ḵə·ṯê·p̄āw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3802: The shoulder, side-piece, lateral projection of anything

as a memorial
לְזִכָּרֹֽן׃ (lə·zik·kā·rōn)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2146: Memorial, remembrance

before
לִפְנֵ֧י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the LORD.
יְהוָ֛ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(12) For stones of memorial unto the children of Israel.--Rather, for the children of Israel. The intention was that the stones should be "stones of memorial" to God, on behalf of Israel; should remind God that the high priest represented all the tribes, and pleaded before Him on their behalf, and in their name. The tribes were represented doubly in the costume of the high priest, by the onyx stones and by the stones of the breastplate.

Verse 12. - Stones of memorial unto the children of Israel. Rather "for the children of Israel" - stones, i.e. which should serve to remind God that the high priest represented the twelve tribes, officiated in their name, and pleaded on their behalf.

CHAPTER 28:13-30 28:6-14 This richly-wrought ephod was the outmost garment of the high priest; plain linen ephods were worn by the inferior priests. It was a short coat without sleeves, fastened close to the body with a girdle. The shoulder-pieces were buttoned together with precious stones set in gold, one on each shoulder, on which were engraven the names of the children of Israel. Thus Christ, our High Priest, presents his people before the Lord for a memorial. As Christ's coat had no seam, but was woven from the top throughout, so it was with the ephod. The golden bells on this ephod, by their preciousness and pleasant sound, well represent the good profession that the saints make, and the pomegranates the fruit they bring forth.
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OT Law: Exodus 28:12 You shall put the two stones (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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