Exodus 28:21
New International Version
There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

New Living Translation
Each stone will represent one of the twelve sons of Israel, and the name of that tribe will be engraved on it like a seal.

English Standard Version
There shall be twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel. They shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes.

Berean Study Bible
The twelve stones are to correspond to the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

King James Bible
And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

New King James Version
And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name; they shall be according to the twelve tribes.

New American Standard Bible
The stones shall be engraved according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a signet, each according to his name for the twelve tribes.

NASB 1995
"The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each according to his name for the twelve tribes.

NASB 1977
“And the stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each according to his name for the twelve tribes.

Amplified Bible
The [engraved] stones shall be twelve, according to the names of [the twelve tribes of] the sons of Israel; they shall be like the engravings of a signet, each with its name for the twelve tribes.

Christian Standard Bible
The twelve stones are to correspond to the names of Israel’s sons. Each stone must be engraved like a seal, with one of the names of the twelve tribes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The 12 stones are to correspond to the names of Israel's sons. Each stone must be engraved like a seal, with one of the names of the 12 tribes."

American Standard Version
And the stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, every one according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And let the stones be engraved with the names of the twelve sons of Israel by their names, the engraving of a seal; let each man be according to his name for the twelve tribes.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And let the stones of the names of the children of Israel be twelve according to their names, engravings as of seals: let them be for the twelve tribes each according to the name.

Contemporary English Version
and engrave on each of them the name of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall have the names of the children of Israel: with twelve names shall they be engraved, each stone with the name of one according to the twelve tribes.

English Revised Version
And the stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, every one according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

Good News Translation
Each of these twelve stones is to have engraved on it the name of one of the sons of Jacob, to represent the tribes of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The stones correspond to the 12 sons of Israel, by name, each stone engraved (like a signet ring) with the name of one of the 12 tribes.

International Standard Version
The stones are to correspond to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve stones corresponding to their names. They are to be engraved like a signet, each with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, every one according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

Literal Standard Version
and the stones are according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, [as] engravings of a signet, each with his name; they are for the twelve tribes.

NET Bible
The stones are to be for the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, according to the number of their names. Each name according to the twelve tribes is to be like the engravings of a seal.

New Heart English Bible
The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, everyone according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

World English Bible
The stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, everyone according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

Young's Literal Translation
and the stones are according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, according to their names, openings of a signet, each by his name are they for the twelve tribes.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Breastpiece
20and in the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. Mount these stones in gold filigree settings. 21The twelve stones are to correspond to the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes. 22For the breastpiece, make braided chains like cords of pure gold.…

Cross References
Revelation 7:4
And I heard the number of those who were sealed, 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel:

Revelation 21:12
The city had a great and high wall with twelve gates inscribed with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, and twelve angels at the gates.

Exodus 28:11
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings.

Exodus 28:20
and in the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. Mount these stones in gold filigree settings.

Exodus 28:22
For the breastpiece, make braided chains like cords of pure gold.


Treasury of Scripture

And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

twelve

Exodus 28:9-11
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: …

according to the twelve

1 Kings 18:31
And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name:

Luke 22:30
That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

James 1:1
James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.









(21) The stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel.--Rather, the stones shall be according to the names, &c.--twelve, neither more nor fewer.

Every one with his name . . . --Rather, each stone, according to its name (i.e., the name engraved upon it), shall be (or, stand) for one of the twelve tribes.

Verse 21. - The stones shall be with the names. Rather, "according to the names;" the number of the stones shall agree with that of the names, viz., twelve. Everyone with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes. Rather, "every one according to its name, they shall be for the twelve tribes," i.e., each, according to the name that is on it, shall stand for one of the twelve tribes.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The twelve
שְׁתֵּ֥ים (šə·têm)
Number - fd
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

stones
וְ֠הָאֲבָנִים (wə·hā·’ă·ḇā·nîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 68: A stone

are
תִּֽהְיֶ֜יןָ (tih·ye·nā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

to
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

correspond to the names
שְׁמֹ֧ת (šə·mōṯ)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 8034: A name

of the sons
בְּנֵֽי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

each
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

engraved
פִּתּוּחֵ֤י (pit·tū·ḥê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6603: An engraving

like a seal
חוֹתָם֙ (ḥō·w·ṯām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2368: A seal, signet ring

with
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the name
שְׁמֹתָ֑ם (šə·mō·ṯām)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 8034: A name

of one of the twelve
לִשְׁנֵ֥י (liš·nê)
Preposition-l | Number - mdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

tribes.
שָֽׁבֶט׃ (šā·ḇeṭ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe


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OT Law: Exodus 28:21 The stones shall be according to (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 28:20
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