Exodus 28:9
New International Version
"Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel

New Living Translation
“Take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the tribes of Israel.

English Standard Version
You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

Berean Study Bible
Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel:

New American Standard Bible
"You shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

King James Bible
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Christian Standard Bible
"Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of Israel's sons:

Good News Translation
Take two carnelian stones and engrave on them the names of the twelve sons of Jacob,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of Israel's sons:

International Standard Version
You are to take two onyx stones and engrave the names of the sons of Israel on them,

NET Bible
"You are to take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

New Heart English Bible
You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel:

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

American King James Version
And you shall take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

American Standard Version
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt take the two stones, the stones of emerald, and thou shalt grave on them the names of the children of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and shalt grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

English Revised Version
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

World English Bible
You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast taken the two shoham stones, and hast opened on them the names of the sons of Israel;
Study Bible
The Ephod
8And the skillfully woven waistband of the ephod must be of one piece, of the same workmanship—with gold, with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and with finely spun linen. 9Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel: 10six of their names on one stone and the remaining six on the other, in the order of their birth.…
Cross References
Exodus 28:8
And the skillfully woven waistband of the ephod must be of one piece, of the same workmanship--with gold, with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and with finely spun linen.

Exodus 28:10
six of their names on one stone and the remaining six on the other, in the order of their birth.

Exodus 39:6
They mounted the onyx stones in gold filigree settings, engraved like a seal with the names of the sons of Israel,

Treasury of Scripture

And you shall take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

onyx

Exodus 28:20
And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.

Exodus 39:13
And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.

Genesis 2:12
And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

grave

Exodus 28:36
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Exodus 39:6
And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.

2 Chronicles 2:7
Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men that are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide.







Lexicon
Take
וְלָ֣קַחְתָּ֔ (wə·lā·qaḥ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

two
שְׁתֵּ֖י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

onyx
שֹׁ֑הַם (šō·ham)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7718: (a gem) perhaps an onyx

stones
אַבְנֵי־ (’aḇ·nê-)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 68: A stone

and engrave
וּפִתַּחְתָּ֣ (ū·p̄it·taḥ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve

on
עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם (‘ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

them the names
שְׁמ֖וֹת (šə·mō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

of the sons
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Israel:
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(9) Two onyx stones.--The shoham of the Hebrews has been regarded by some as the emerald, by others as the beryl; but it is probably either the stone usually called the onyx, or that variety which is known as the sardonyx--a stone of three layers--black, white, and red. (See Joseph., Ant. Jud., iii. 7, ? 5.) Emeralds could not have been cut by any process known at the time. Onyx and sardonyx were used from a very early period, as stones for signets, both in Egypt and elsewhere.

And grave on them the names of the children of Israel.--That gem-engraving was practised from a remote antiquity both in Egypt and in Babylonia appears from the remains found in those countries. The signet cylinders of Chaldaean kings are regarded by the best Assyriologists as going back, at least, to B.C. 2,000. The signets of Egyptian monarchs reach, at any rate, to the twelfth dynasty, which is perhaps nearly as early. The hardest kinds of stone--diamond, ruby, emerald, sapphire, topaz--defied the art of the time; but stones of the second class--sard, carnelian, onyx, beryl, jasper, lapis lazuli--readily yielded to the engraver's tools. There is no difficulty in supposing that among the Israelites were to be found persons who had been engaged in Egyptian workshops during the servitude, and were acquainted with Egyptian art in all its principal departments. The "names" to be engraved were doubtless the "tribe" names, as explained by Josephus.

Verse 9. - Two onyx stones. The correctness of this rendering has been much disputed. The LXX. give σμάραγδος, "emeraid." as the Greek equivalent in the present passage, while many argue for the beryl (Winer, Rosenmuller, Bollermann), and others for the sardonyx. This last rendering has the support of Josephus and Aquila. The sardonyx is, in fact, nothing but the best kind of onyx, differing from the onyx by having three layers - black, white, and red - instead of two - black and white - only. When large, it fetches a high price, as much as a thousand pounds having been asked for one by a dealer recently. The probability is, that it is the stone here intended. It is an excellent material for engraving. With respect to the possibility of Moses having in the congregation persons who could engrave the sardonyx, we may remark that the Egyptians cut stones quite as hard, from a date long anterior to the exodus. Grave on them the names of the children of Israel. Egyptian names are frequently found engraved on rings and amulets in hard stone; these rings and amulets date from the time of the twelfth dynasty. The names here intended are evidently the Israelite tribe names, which are reckoned as twelve, the double tribe of Joseph counting as one only. (Compare Numbers 1:10; Deuteronomy 33:13-17.) 28:6-14 This richly-wrought ephod was the outmost garment of the high priest; plain linen ephods were worn by the inferior priests. It was a short coat without sleeves, fastened close to the body with a girdle. The shoulder-pieces were buttoned together with precious stones set in gold, one on each shoulder, on which were engraven the names of the children of Israel. Thus Christ, our High Priest, presents his people before the Lord for a memorial. As Christ's coat had no seam, but was woven from the top throughout, so it was with the ephod. The golden bells on this ephod, by their preciousness and pleasant sound, well represent the good profession that the saints make, and the pomegranates the fruit they bring forth.
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