2 Samuel 6:14
New International Version
Wearing a linen ephod, David was dancing before the LORD with all his might,

New Living Translation
And David danced before the LORD with all his might, wearing a priestly garment.

English Standard Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might. And David was wearing a linen ephod.

Berean Study Bible
And David, wearing a linen ephod, danced with all his might before the LORD,

New American Standard Bible
And David was dancing before the LORD with all his might, and David was wearing a linen ephod.

King James Bible
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Christian Standard Bible
David was dancing with all his might before the LORD wearing a linen ephod.

Contemporary English Version
He was dancing for the LORD with all his might, but he wore only a linen cloth.

Good News Translation
David, wearing only a linen cloth around his waist, danced with all his might to honor the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David was dancing with all his might before the LORD wearing a linen ephod.

International Standard Version
dancing in front of the LORD with all of his strength and wearing a linen ephod.

NET Bible
Now David, wearing a linen ephod, was dancing with all his strength before the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was clothed in a linen ephod.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Wearing a linen ephod, David danced in the LORD's presence with all his might.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

New American Standard 1977
And David was dancing before the LORD with all his might, and David was wearing a linen ephod.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David danced before the LORD with all his might, and David was girded with a linen ephod.

King James 2000 Bible
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod.

American King James Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

American Standard Version
And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David sounded with well-tuned instruments before the Lord, and David was clothed with a fine long robe.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David danced with all his might before the Lord: and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Darby Bible Translation
And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

English Revised Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

World English Bible
David danced before Yahweh with all his might; and David was clothed in a linen ephod.

Young's Literal Translation
And David is dancing with all strength before Jehovah, and David is girded with a linen ephod,
Study Bible
The Ark Brought to Jerusalem
13When those carrying the ark of the LORD had advanced six paces, he sacrificed an ox and a fattened calf. 14And David, wearing a linen ephod, danced with all his might before the LORD, 15while he and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouts and the sound of the trumpets.…
Cross References
Exodus 15:20
Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women followed her with tambourines and dancing.

Exodus 15:21
And Miriam sang back to them: "Sing to the LORD, for He is highly exalted; the horse and rider He has thrown into the sea."

Exodus 19:6
And unto Me you shall be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words that you are to speak to the Israelites."

Judges 11:34
And when Jephthah returned home to Mizpah, there was his daughter coming out to meet him with tambourines and dancing! She was his only child; he had no son or daughter besides her.

1 Samuel 2:18
Now Samuel was ministering before the LORD--a boy wearing a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 2:28
And out of all the tribes of Israel I selected your father to be My priest, to offer sacrifices on My altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod in My presence. I also gave to the house of your father all the offerings of the Israelites made by fire.

2 Samuel 6:15
while he and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouts and the sound of the trumpets.

2 Samuel 6:20
As soon as David returned home to bless his own household, Saul's daughter Michal came out to meet him. "How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today!" she said. "He has uncovered himself today in the sight of the maidservants of his subjects, like a vulgar person would do."

1 Chronicles 15:27
Now David was dressed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, as well as the singers and Chenaniah, the director of music for the singers. David also wore a linen ephod.

Psalm 87:7
Singers and pipers will say: "All my springs of joy are in You."

Psalm 149:3
Let them praise His name with dancing, and make music to Him with tambourine and harp.

Ezekiel 46:10
When the people enter, the prince shall go in with them, and when they leave, he shall leave.

Treasury of Scripture

And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

danced

Exodus 15:20
And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

Judges 11:34
And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.

Judges 21:21
And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.

with all this

Deuteronomy 6:5
And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

Ecclesiastes 9:10
Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

Colossians 3:23
And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;

girded

1 Samuel 2:18,28
But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod…

1 Samuel 22:18
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

1 Chronicles 15:27
And David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the song with the singers: David also had upon him an ephod of linen.







Lexicon
And David,
וְדָוִ֛ד (wə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

wearing
חָג֖וּר (ḥā·ḡūr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2296: To gird, gird on, gird oneself

a linen
בָּֽד׃ (bāḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 906: Flaxen thread, yarn, a linen garment

ephod,
אֵפ֥וֹד (’ê·p̄ō·wḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 646: A girdle, the ephod, highpriest's shoulder-piece, an image

danced
מְכַרְכֵּ֥ר (mə·ḵar·kêr)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3769: To dance

with all
בְּכָל־ (bə·ḵāl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

his might
עֹ֖ז (‘ōz)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5797: Strength, might

before
לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the LORD,
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(14) David danced.--The religious dances on occasions of great national blessing were usually performed by women only (Exodus 15:20-21; Judges 11:34; 1Samuel 18:6). The king, by now taking part in them himself, marked his strong sense of the importance of the occasion, and his readiness to do his utmost in God's honour.

Girded with a linen ephod.--This is usually spoken of as if David were arrayed in a distinctively priestly dress; but it is remarkable that the ephod was not prescribed as a part of the priestly dress--the ephod of the high-priest (Exodus 25:7, &c.) being quite a different thing--and was worn by others, as Samuel (1Samuel 2:18). The wearing of the ephod, however, is spoken of in 1Samuel 22:18 as characteristic of the priests, and in Judges 8:27; Judges 17:5; Judges 18:14-20, it is connected with idolatrous worship. It is also to be noted that the high priest's ephod (Exodus 28:6; Exodus 28:8, &c.) was made of shesh, while the garments of the ordinary priests, as well as the ephods of Samuel and David, were of bad. The explanation seems to be that the ephod of bad was simply a garment worn by any one engaged in a religious service, and it is used in 1Samuel 22:18 to describe the priests, because such service constituted their ordinary life. It was not, therefore, a peculiarly priestly dress, though naturally more worn by them than by any one else.

Verse 14. - And David danced. The word used means the springing round in half circles to the sound of music. Conder has given a very interesting account of the dancing of the Malawiyeh, which consisted in turning round in whole circles, resting on the heel of the left foot ('Herb and Moab,' p. 65, etc.). As David danced with all his might, he was evidently strongly excited with religious fervour. We have the expression of his feelings in the psalm composed for this occasion (1 Chronicles 16:7-36); subsequently it seems to have been rearranged for the temple service, as it is broken up into Psalm 96. and Psalms 105:1-15. Dancing was usually the office of the women (Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:35; Judges 21:21; 1 Samuel 18:6); but men may also have often taken part in it, as Michal's objection was that it was unbefitting a king. David was girded with a linen ephod. David wore this as a tightly fitting garment, which left him free to exert himself in the dance. So far from the use of it being an assumption of the priestly office, it was regarded by Michal as an act of humiliation, as it was a dress worn even by a child when admitted to service in a priest's family (1 Samuel 2:18). Probably David did mean to rank himself for the time among the inferior servitors of the ark. He might have claimed more. In the theocracy he was the representative of Jehovah, and his anointing was a solemn consecration to a religious office. To have burned incense or offered sacrifice would have been to invade the priestly office, an office parallel to "the administration of the Word and the sacraments," denied, in the Thirty-Seventh Article of the Church of England, to princes. To wear the garb of a servitor was to do honour both to Jehovah and to his priests. 6:12-19 It became evident, that happy was the man who had the ark near him. Christ is indeed a Stone of stumbling, and a Rock of offence, to those that are disobedient; but to those that believe, he is a Corner-stone, elect, precious, 1Pe 2:6-8. Let us be religious. Is the ark a blessing to others' houses? We may have it, and the blessing of it, without fetching it away from our neighbours. David, at first setting out, offered sacrifices to God. We are likely to speed in our enterprises, when we begin with God, and give diligence to seek peace with him. And we are so unworthy, and our services are so defiled, that all our joy in God must be connected with repentance and faith in the Redeemer's atoning blood. David attended with high expressions of joy. We ought to serve God with our whole body and soul, and with every endowment and power we possess. On this occasion David laid aside his royal robes, and put on a plain linen dress. David prayed with and for the people, and as a prophet, solemnly blessed them in the name of the Lord.
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OT History: 2 Samuel 6:14 David danced before Yahweh with all his (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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