2 Samuel 6:1
New International Version
David again brought together all the able young men of Israel—thirty thousand.

New Living Translation
Then David again gathered all the elite troops in Israel, 30,000 in all.

English Standard Version
David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Berean Standard Bible
David again assembled the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand in all.

King James Bible
Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

New King James Version
Again David gathered all the choice men of Israel, thirty thousand.

New American Standard Bible
Now David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

NASB 1995
Now David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

NASB 1977
Now David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Amplified Bible
Again David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Christian Standard Bible
David again assembled all the fit young men in Israel: thirty thousand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David again assembled all the choice men in Israel, 30,000.

American Standard Version
And David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David gathered again all the adolescent boys of Israel, thirty thousand

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David again gathered all the young men of Israel, about seventy thousand.

Contemporary English Version
David brought together 30,000 of Israel's best soldiers and

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Good News Translation
Once more David called together the best soldiers in Israel, a total of thirty thousand men,

International Standard Version
After this, David gathered together again 30,000 men from all of the choicest men of Israel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Literal Standard Version
And again David gathered every chosen one in Israel—thirty thousand,

New American Bible
David again assembled all the picked men of Israel, thirty thousand in number.

NET Bible
David again assembled all the best men in Israel, thirty thousand in number.

New Revised Standard Version
David again gathered all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

New Heart English Bible
And David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

World English Bible
David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

Young's Literal Translation
And David gathered again every chosen one in Israel, thirty thousand,

Additional Translations ...
David Fetches the Ark
1David again assembled the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand in all. 2And he and all his troops set out for Baale of Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the Name—the name of the LORD of Hosts, who is enthroned between the cherubim that are on it.…

Cross References
Genesis 14:24
I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share for the men who went with me--Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre. They may take their portion."

1 Chronicles 13:5
So David assembled all Israel, from the River Shihor in Egypt to Lebo-hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim.

Treasury of Scripture

Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

1 Chronicles 5:1
Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.

1 Kings 8:1
Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion.

1 Chronicles 13:1-4
And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader…

(1) Again, David gathered.--The word "again" should be transposed: "David gathered together again"--referring to the former military musters. In 1Chronicles 13:1-4, mention is made of the consultations with the leaders of Israel which preceded this gathering, and the gathering itself is there (2Samuel 6:5) said to be of "all Israel." But "all Israel" was evidently represented by the thirty thousand (the LXX. reads seventy thousand) of its more prominent men.

Verse 1. - And David gathered together. The long subjection to the Philistines was at an end, and David's first care is to bring the ark of Jehovah from Kirjath-jearim to Jerusalem. In this he had a twofold object. For, first, it was an act of piety, testifying David's gratitude to God, who had so quickly raised him from the condition of a despairing fugitive hiding away in the cave of Adullam to that of a victorious king reigning over an independent and free people. But David had also a political purpose. The weakness of Israel in the past was the result of its divisions, he would heal this by giving it a capital, whither the tribes would come up for worship, and where they would feel that they formed one nation. David had seen the evils of a divided sovereignty, when he and Ishbosheth were wasting the strength of Israel in civil war. For more than half a century he remedied this, but before there had been time for the union of the tribes to be cemented by the gradual influence of religion. Solomon's oppressive levies of unpaid workmen, forced to labour in his costly buildings, and the despotic stupidity of Rehoboam, broke up united Israel into two feeble states, which henceforward had to struggle hard for a mere existence. The condition of Israel was very similar to that of the United States of North America before their great civil war; except that their president, elected by all the people, and their Congress at Washington, were far stronger bonds of union than any that were possessed by the Israelites. But when there was danger of even these failing to keep them together as one people, the statesmen of the north put forth their utmost powers, and spared neither life nor treasure, because they saw clearly that the victory of the south meant the breaking up of their empire into a multitude of feeble governments, which, by their mutual jealousies, would paralyze and thwart one another. With equal discernment David endeavoured to counteract the jealousy and separate action of the tribes, which was bringing about the disintegration of Israel, by giving them a point of union. Had he gone further north for his capital, he might, perhaps, have overawed the stubborn tribe of Ephraim, which was always the most unmanageable of the sections of Israel. But the situation of Jerusalem upon the borders of Benjamin and Judah, on a hill-top which neither had really possessed, and which was marked out for noble use by its wonderful natural conformation, fully justified David's choice; and it has had the assent of mankind ever since. David then made this unrivalled spot his capital, and placed there, first of all, his royal residence, whereby it became the centre of all public business and of the administration of law; and, secondly, as a matter of still higher importance, he made it the headquarters of their national religion and the abode oF their God. We see the weight of this religious influence in the anxiety of Jeroboam to counteract it, and in the strength given to Rehoboam by the migration into Judah of those who valued the temple services more than their worldly prosperity. Even Saul had valued the national religion, and had established its headquarters at Nob; but, giving way to the ungoverned anger of a despot, he had destroyed his own work. It was left to one who to the bravery of a soldier added the discernment of a statesman to consolidate the tribes into a nation by establishing their religion upon a sure and influential basis. For this reason also he made their services full of delight and enjoyment by the institution of choral chants and the use of instruments of music; while the psalms which his singers recited were so spiritual and ennobling that we to this day use them in our solemn worship. Granting that there are expressions in them harsher and more intolerant than a disciple of the loving Jesus would now apply to any earthly enemy, yet, as a whole, the Psalms, written in these rough far off times, still form our best book of devotion! In the parallel place in the First Book of Chronicles we have the narrative of this re-establishment of the Mosaic Law given as looked at on the Levitical side, and with many interesting additions. Here the narrator looks at it with the eye of a statesman. We must not, however, suppose that the history there given is arranged in chronological order, as, if so, the two victories in the Valley of Rephaim would have both taken place in the three months during which the ark was resting in the house of Obed-Edom. If this were so, then David would first have had more than three hundred and forty thousand warriors with him at Hebron to anoint him, and with their aid would have captured Jerusalem. lie would next have assembled thirty thousand picked men to bring the ark up to Zion; and yet would have had only his body guard of "mighty men" wherewith to fight Israel's battles and win its independence. Most probably the order, both here and in Chronicles, is not chronological, and the course of events was as follows. With the help of the men gathered at Hebron David captures Jerusalem. As soon as it is made safe they withdraw, and leave him occupied with planning out and building his city. Alarmed at the vast concourse at Hebron, and made angry by David's seizure of a strong fortress, the Philistines hastily pounce upon him in numbers too vast for him to resist. He escapes, leaving but a few men to defend Jerusalem, and hides in his old fastness. Encouraged there by finding three of his mighties more than a match for the garrison at Bethlehem, he gathers the mere valiant spirits, and makes a sudden attack upon the Philistines, who were engaged in ravaging the country as a punishment for its rebellion. They are defeated, but with no great loss; and so with uubroken strength they again invade the country, and march up once more to Jerusalem, prepared to fight a pitched battle, and seize that fortress as the prize of victory. Again, David, with far larger forces, surprises them, and, driving them from ridge to ridge, so utterly vanquishes them that the power of Philistia was destroyed forever. It was after this double victory that Hiram, King of Tyre, whose dominions bordered upon the Philistines, and who had found them disagreeable neighbours, made a close alliance with David; and so at length, free from all fear at home, and honoured abroad, he was able to turn his thoughts to the consolidation of his kingdom and the establishment of Jehovah's worship. And in the Book of Chronicles we have the details of that spiritual service of psalmody which David added to the Levitical routine of sacrifice, and which bears the significant name of "prophecy," as being the expression of the moral and spiritual side of the Mosaic Law (1 Chronicles 25:1). Instead of "Again David gathered," the words of the Hebrew are" And David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel." The first gathering was at Hebron (2 Samuel 5:1), and before they came David must have given his consent to their wishes, and invited their presence at his anointing. They soon gather together a second time to endow their new kingdom with the safeguards necessary for their spiritual welfare, and the maintenance among them of morality and virtue and the fear of God. Chosen men. This usually means picked men fit for war. But doubtless on this occasion the eiders and all good men possessed of power and influence would be present to strengthen the king's hand. Thirty thousand. A large number, but not too large. David probably chose one of the great feasts for the occasion, and by the presence of a large number of warriors, and the display of much military pomp, he would impress upon the minds of the people the value of religion. They would thus learn also to respect their new capital as being the place where was the presence of their Deity, and where they were to come to worship him.

Parallel Commentaries ...

דָּוִ֛ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

ע֥וֹד (‘ō·wḏ)
Strong's 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

וַיֹּ֨סֶף (way·yō·sep̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3254: To add, augment

[the] choice [men]
בָּח֥וּר (bā·ḥūr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's 970: Selected, a youth

of Israel,
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים (šə·lō·šîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 7970: Thirty, thirtieth

אָֽלֶף׃ (’ā·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

in all.
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

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OT History: 2 Samuel 6:1 David again gathered together all the chosen (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 5:25
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