Exodus 39:3
New International Version
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut strands to be worked into the blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen--the work of skilled hands.

New Living Translation
He made gold thread by hammering out thin sheets of gold and cutting it into fine strands. With great skill and care, he worked it into the fine linen with the blue, purple, and scarlet thread.

English Standard Version
And they hammered out gold leaf, and he cut it into threads to work into the blue and purple and the scarlet yarns, and into the fine twined linen, in skilled design.

Berean Study Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and fine linen—the work of a skilled craftsman.

New American Standard Bible
Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.

New King James Version
And they beat the gold into thin sheets and cut it into threads, to work it in with the blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, into artistic designs.

King James Bible
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

Christian Standard Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and he cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.

Good News Translation
They hammered out sheets of gold and cut them into thin strips to be worked into the fine linen and into the blue, purple, and red wool.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and he cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.

International Standard Version
They hammered out gold sheets and cut off threads to work into the blue, purple, and scarlet material and into the fine linen, a work of skillful design.

NET Bible
They hammered the gold into thin sheets and cut it into narrow strips to weave them into the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and into the fine linen, the work of an artistic designer.

New Heart English Bible
They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, in the purple, in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skillful workman.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They hammered the gold into thin sheets and cut them up. They twisted the gold into threads, which they creatively worked into each strand of the violet, purple, and bright red yarn, and throughout the fine linen.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into threads, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skilful workman.

New American Standard 1977
Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they beat the gold into thin plates and cut it into wires to work it in the blue and in the purple and in the scarlet and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

King James 2000 Bible
And they did hammer the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with skillful work.

American King James Version
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

American Standard Version
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skilful workman.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the plates were divided, the threads of gold, so as to interweave with the blue and purple, and with the spun scarlet, and the fine linen twined, they made it a woven work;

Douay-Rheims Bible
With embroidered work: and he cut thin plates of gold, and drew them small into threads, that they might be twisted with the woof of the aforesaid colours,

Darby Bible Translation
And they beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it [into] wires, to work it artistically into the blue, and into the purple, and into the scarlet, and into the byssus.

English Revised Version
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the cunning workman.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with curious work.

World English Bible
They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, in the purple, in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skillful workman.

Young's Literal Translation
and they expand the plates of gold, and have cut off wires to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the scarlet, and in the midst of the linen -- work of a designer;
Study Bible
The Ephod
2He made the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. 3They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and fine linen— the work of a skilled craftsman. 4They made shoulder pieces for the ephod, which were attached at two of its corners, so it could be fastened.…
Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Exodus 39:2
Bezalel made the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

Exodus 39:4
They made shoulder pieces for the ephod, which were attached at two of its corners, so it could be fastened.

Psalm 45:13
All glorious is the princess in her chamber, her gown embroidered with gold.

Treasury of Scripture

And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

cunning work

Exodus 26:1
Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.

Exodus 36:8
And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work made he them.







Lexicon
They hammered out
וַֽיְרַקְּע֞וּ (way·raq·qə·‘ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7554: To pound the earth, to expand, to overlay

thin sheets
פַּחֵ֣י (pa·ḥê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6341: A, sheet, a spring net

of gold
הַזָּהָב֮ (haz·zā·hāḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and cut
וְקִצֵּ֣ץ (wə·qiṣ·ṣêṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7112: To chop off

threads from them
פְּתִילִם֒ (pə·ṯî·lim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6616: Cord, thread

to interweave
לַעֲשׂ֗וֹת (la·‘ă·śō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

with the blue,
הַתְּכֵ֙לֶת֙ (hat·tə·ḵê·leṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8504: The cerulean mussel, the color, obtained therefrom, stuff dyed therewith

purple,
הָֽאַרְגָּמָ֔ן (hā·’ar·gā·mān)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 713: Purple, red-purple

and scarlet yarn,
תּוֹלַ֥עַת (tō·w·la·‘aṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8438: The crimson-grub, of the color, from it, cloths dyed therewith

and fine linen—
הַשֵּׁ֑שׁ (haš·šêš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8336: Bleached stuff, white linen, marble

the work
מַעֲשֵׂ֖ה (ma·‘ă·śêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

of a skilled craftsman.
חֹשֵֽׁב׃ (ḥō·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2803: To think, account
(3) They did beat the gold into thin plates and cut it into wires.--This very primitive method of forming gold thread is nowhere else mentioned. It implies a ruder state of the art of metallurgy than we should have expected.

To work it in the blue.--The blue, the purple, the scarlet, and the white linen thread were woven into a patterned fabric. The gold was inserted afterwards in the way of embroidery. A similar practice prevailed in Egypt (Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, vol. iii., p. 128).

Verse 3. - They did beat the gold into thin plates and out it into wires. This mode of producing gold thread is remarkable, and had not been previously mentioned. 39:1-31 The priests' garments were rich and splendid. The church in its infancy was thus taught by shadows of good things to come; but the substance is Christ, and the grace of the gospel. Christ is our great High Priest. When he undertook the work of our redemption, he put on the clothes of service, he arrayed himself with the gifts and graces of the Spirit, girded himself with resolution to go through the undertaking, took charge of all God's spiritual Israel, laid them near his heart, engraved them on the palms of his hands, and presented them to his Father. And he crowned himself with holiness to the Lord, consecrating his whole undertaking to the honour of his Father's holiness. True believers are spiritual priests. The clean linen with which all their clothes of service must be made, is the righteousness of saints, Re 19:8.
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Alphabetical: a and be blue craftsman cut fine gold hammered in into linen material of out purple scarlet sheets skilled skillful strands the them Then They thin threads to with work worked workman woven yarn

OT Law: Exodus 39:3 They beat the gold into thin plates (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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