Exodus 39:3
New International Version
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut strands to be worked into the blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen--the work of skilled hands.

New Living Translation
He made gold thread by hammering out thin sheets of gold and cutting it into fine strands. With great skill and care, he worked it into the fine linen with the blue, purple, and scarlet thread.

English Standard Version
And they hammered out gold leaf, and he cut it into threads to work into the blue and purple and the scarlet yarns, and into the fine twined linen, in skilled design.

Berean Study Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and fine linen—the work of a skilled craftsman.

King James Bible
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

New King James Version
And they beat the gold into thin sheets and cut it into threads, to work it in with the blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen, into artistic designs.

New American Standard Bible
Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the violet, the purple, and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skilled embroiderer.

NASB 1995
Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.

NASB 1977
Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut them into threads to be woven in with the blue and the purple and the scarlet material, and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.

Amplified Bible
Then Bezalel and Oholiab hammered the gold [into thin sheets] and cut it into threads to work into the blue, purple, and scarlet fabric, and into the fine linen, the work of a skilled craftsman.

Christian Standard Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and he cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and he cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.

American Standard Version
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skilful workman.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they beat out thin metal leaves of gold and they cut threads to pass through inside the blue and within the purple and within the fine linen of scarlet and within the fine white linen, the work of a craftsman.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the plates were divided, the threads of gold, so as to interweave with the blue and purple, and with the spun scarlet, and the fine linen twined, they made it a woven work;

Douay-Rheims Bible
With embroidered work: and he cut thin plates of gold, and drew them small into threads, that they might be twisted with the woof of the aforesaid colours,

English Revised Version
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the cunning workman.

Good News Translation
They hammered out sheets of gold and cut them into thin strips to be worked into the fine linen and into the blue, purple, and red wool.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They hammered the gold into thin sheets and cut them up. They twisted the gold into threads, which they creatively worked into each strand of the violet, purple, and bright red yarn, and throughout the fine linen.

International Standard Version
They hammered out gold sheets and cut off threads to work into the blue, purple, and scarlet material and into the fine linen, a work of skillful design.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into threads, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skilful workman.

Literal Standard Version
and they expand the plates of gold, and have cut off wires to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the scarlet, and in the midst of the linen—the work of a designer;

NET Bible
They hammered the gold into thin sheets and cut it into narrow strips to weave them into the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and into the fine linen, the work of an artistic designer.

New Heart English Bible
They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, in the purple, in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skillful workman.

World English Bible
They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, in the purple, in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skillful workman.

Young's Literal Translation
and they expand the plates of gold, and have cut off wires to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the scarlet, and in the midst of the linen -- work of a designer;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Ephod
2Bezalel made the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. 3They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut threads from them to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and fine linen— the work of a skilled craftsman. 4They made shoulder pieces for the ephod, which were attached at two of its corners, so it could be fastened.…

Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Exodus 39:2
Bezalel made the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

Exodus 39:4
They made shoulder pieces for the ephod, which were attached at two of its corners, so it could be fastened.

Psalm 45:13
All glorious is the princess in her chamber; her gown is embroidered with gold.


Treasury of Scripture

And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.

cunning work

Exodus 26:1
Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.

Exodus 36:8
And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work made he them.









(3) They did beat the gold into thin plates and cut it into wires.--This very primitive method of forming gold thread is nowhere else mentioned. It implies a ruder state of the art of metallurgy than we should have expected.

To work it in the blue.--The blue, the purple, the scarlet, and the white linen thread were woven into a patterned fabric. The gold was inserted afterwards in the way of embroidery. A similar practice prevailed in Egypt (Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, vol. iii., p. 128).

Verse 3. - They did beat the gold into thin plates and out it into wires. This mode of producing gold thread is remarkable, and had not been previously mentioned.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They hammered out
וַֽיְרַקְּע֞וּ (way·raq·qə·‘ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7554: To pound the earth, to expand, to overlay

thin sheets
פַּחֵ֣י (pa·ḥê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6341: A, sheet, a spring net

of gold
הַזָּהָב֮ (haz·zā·hāḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and cut
וְקִצֵּ֣ץ (wə·qiṣ·ṣêṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7112: To chop off

threads from them
פְּתִילִם֒ (pə·ṯî·lim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6616: Cord, thread

to interweave
לַעֲשׂ֗וֹת (la·‘ă·śō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 6213: To do, make

with the blue,
הַתְּכֵ֙לֶת֙ (hat·tə·ḵê·leṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8504: The cerulean mussel, the color, obtained therefrom, stuff dyed therewith

purple,
הָֽאַרְגָּמָ֔ן (hā·’ar·gā·mān)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 713: Purple, red-purple

and scarlet yarn,
תּוֹלַ֥עַת (tō·w·la·‘aṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 8438: The crimson-grub, of the color, from it, cloths dyed therewith

and fine linen—
הַשֵּׁ֑שׁ (haš·šêš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8336: Bleached stuff, white linen, marble

the work
מַעֲשֵׂ֖ה (ma·‘ă·śêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

of a skilled craftsman.
חֹשֵֽׁב׃ (ḥō·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 2803: To think, account


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Beat Blue Craftsman Cunning Curious Cut Cutting Designer Expand Fine Gold Hammered Hammering Linen Material Midst Plates Purple Red Scarlet Sheets Skilful Skilled Skillful Strands Stuff Thin Threads Twined Work Worked Workman Woven
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Beat Blue Craftsman Cunning Curious Cut Cutting Designer Expand Fine Gold Hammered Hammering Linen Material Midst Plates Purple Red Scarlet Sheets Skilful Skilled Skillful Strands Stuff Thin Threads Twined Work Worked Workman Woven
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OT Law: Exodus 39:3 They beat the gold into thin plates (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 39:2
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