Song of Solomon 8:9
New International Version
If she is a wall, we will build towers of silver on her. If she is a door, we will enclose her with panels of cedar.

New Living Translation
If she is a virgin, like a wall, we will protect her with a silver tower. But if she is promiscuous, like a swinging door, we will block her door with a cedar bar. Young Woman

English Standard Version
If she is a wall, we will build on her a battlement of silver, but if she is a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar.

Berean Study Bible
If she is a wall, we will build a tower of silver to protect her. If she is a door, we will enclose her with panels of cedar.

King James Bible
If she be a wall, we will build upon her a palace of silver: and if she be a door, we will inclose her with boards of cedar.

New King James Version
If she is a wall, We will build upon her A battlement of silver; And if she is a door, We will enclose her With boards of cedar.

New American Standard Bible
“If she is a wall, We will build on her a battlement of silver; But if she is a door, We will barricade her with planks of cedar.”

NASB 1995
“If she is a wall, We will build on her a battlement of silver; But if she is a door, We will barricade her with planks of cedar.”

NASB 1977
“If she is a wall, We shall build on her a battlement of silver; But if she is a door, We shall barricade her with planks of cedar.”

Amplified Bible
“If she is a wall (discreet, womanly), We will build on her a turret (dowry) of silver; But if she is a door (bold, flirtatious), We will enclose her with planks of cedar.”

Christian Standard Bible
If she is a wall, we will build a silver barricade on her. If she is a door, we will enclose her with cedar planks. Woman

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If she is a wall, we will build a silver parapet on it. If she is a door, we will enclose it with cedar planks. W

American Standard Version
If she be a wall, We will build upon her a turret of silver: And if she be a door, We will inclose her with boards of cedar.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If she is a wall, we will build up on her battlements of silver, and if she is a door, we will bind upon her a title of cedar

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If she is a wall, let us build upon her silver bulwarks; and if she is a door, let us carve for her cedar panels.

Contemporary English Version
She isn't a wall that we can defend behind a silver shield. Neither is she a room that we can protect behind a wooden door.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If she be a wall: let us build upon it bulwarks of silver: if she be a door, let us join it together with boards or cedar.

English Revised Version
If she be a wall, we will build upon her a turret of silver: and if she be a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar.

Good News Translation
If she is a wall, we will build her a silver tower. But if she is a gate, we will protect her with panels of cedar.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If she is a wall, we will build a silver barrier around her. If she is a door, we will barricade her with cedar boards.

International Standard Version
If she's a wall, on her we will build a battlement of silver. If she's a door, we will enclose her with planks of cedar.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If she be a wall, We will build upon her a turret of silver; And if she be a door, We will enclose her with boards of cedar.

Literal Standard Version
If she is a wall, we build by her a palace of silver. And if she is a door, We fashion by her board-work of cedar.

NET Bible
If she is a wall, we will build on her a battlement of silver; but if she is a door, we will barricade her with boards of cedar.

New Heart English Bible
If she is a wall, we will build on her a turret of silver. If she is a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar.

World English Bible
If she is a wall, we will build on her a turret of silver. if she is a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar. Beloved

Young's Literal Translation
If she is a wall, we build by her a palace of silver. And if she is a door, We fashion by her board-work of cedar.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Longing for Her Beloved
8We have a little sister, and her breasts are not yet grown. What shall we do for our sister on the day she is spoken for? 9If she is a wall, we will build a tower of silver to protect her. If she is a door, we will enclose her with panels of cedar. 10I am a wall, and my breasts are like towers. So I have become in his eyes like one who brings peace.…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 22:8
If you build a new house, you are to construct a railing around your roof, so that you do not bring bloodguilt on your house if someone falls from it.

1 Kings 6:15
He lined the interior walls with cedar paneling from the floor of the temple to the ceiling, and he covered the floor with cypress boards.


Treasury of Scripture

If she be a wall, we will build on her a palace of silver: and if she be a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar.

a wall

Song of Solomon 2:9
My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.

Revelation 21:12-19
And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: …

we will

Isaiah 58:12
And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.

Isaiah 60:17
For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.

Isaiah 61:4
And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.

a door

Acts 14:27
And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.









(9) If she be a wall.--The wall and door are emblems of chastity and its opposite. The palace of silver some commentators explain by reference to the custom (among the Druses) of wearing an ornament like a horn on the head. But this is unlikely. The metaphors of the wall and door are naturally expanded. If the maiden grows up virtuous and inaccessible to seduction we will build upon her a palace of silver, i.e., we will so provide for her in marriage that from her may spring an illustrious house; but if otherwise, we will enclose her with boards of cedar, i.e., the strongest precautions shall be taken to guard her honour. This passage is one of the strongest arguments for the theory that chaste wedded love is the theme of this book, the poet going on in Song of Solomon 8:10 to put into the heroine's mouth a protestation of purity; and by which virtuous disposition, even more than by her beauty, she had won her husband's love: "I have grown up to virtuous womanhood, and I have found favour in his eyes."

Verse 9. - If she be a wall, we will build upon her a turret of silver: and if she be a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar. The interpretation which Delitzsch suggests of these words is that the "wall" represents firmness of character, and the "door" weakness and insecurity. If she firmly and successfully withstands all immoral approaches, then we will bestow high honour upon her, as a tribute to her maidenly virtue and constancy. The turret or castle of silver would mean rewarding her with increase. Silver is the emblem of holiness, gold of nobility. The meaning may, however, merely be, "We will endow her with plenty." The boards of cedar are supposed to be special protections, as cedar is noted for its hardness and durability. But is not the meaning much simpler and more natural? It would be rather a far fetched use of the figure of a door that it should suggest seduction, and would be rather unsuitable in the lips of the bridegroom when speaking of the little sister of his own bride. May not the meaning be no more than this? - She may become one of the most substantial parts of the building, like a wall; in that ease all that she can be she shall be; we will put the highest honour upon her. She may be a door, that is, though not so great and substantial as the wall, still in the very front of the building and before the eyes of all. In that case we will beautify her with costly and fragrant adornment. The gate shall be enclosed in cedar wood. "The wall and the door," says Zockler, "are mostly understood of the steadfast and faithful keeping of the Word of God and of its zealous proclamation to the Gentiles (1 Corinthians 16:9, etc.); but some also explain them of the valiant in faith and the weak in faith, or of the learned and simple, or of faithful Christians and such as are recreant and easily accessible to the arts of seduction. And then, according to these various interpretations, the 'silver bulwarks' are now the miracles of the first witnesses of Jesus, now the distinguished teachers of the Church, now pious Christian rulers, now the testimonies of Holy Scripture by which faith is strengthened. And, again, by the 'cedar boards' are sometimes understood the ten commandments or the Law, sometimes Christian teachers, sometimes the examples of the saints, sometimes the salutary discipline of the cross and sufferings for Christ's sake," etc. All such attempts at detailed interpretation fail to give satisfaction. Their effect is to repel many from the study of the book altogether, just as the follies and. extravagances of the interpreters of prophecy have greatly hindered the study of the prophetic Scriptures. The wall and the door need not be taken as opposed to one another, as they are not in our conceptions of a city. They fulfil different functions. The wall is for defence; the door is for admission. In the one case we think of strength, and in the other case of beauty. The application of the symbols is very easy if the general meaning alone is regarded. There is a variety of capacity and function in the Church of Christ. There are differences in the forms of Christianity among different nations. But the Lord will receive and bless all. Some are not fitted to be built upon as strong wails, but they may still be beautiful examples of Christian graces in the eyes of the world, through whom many gladly enter into the truth and into the fellowship of Christ.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

she
הִ֔יא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is a wall,
חוֹמָ֣ה (ḥō·w·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2346: A wall of protection

we will build
נִבְנֶ֥ה (niḇ·neh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common plural
Strong's 1129: To build

a tower
טִ֣ירַת (ṭî·raṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 2918: A wall, a fortress, a hamlet

of silver
כָּ֑סֶף (kā·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money

to protect her.
עָלֶ֖יהָ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

If
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

she
הִ֔יא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is a door,
דֶּ֣לֶת (de·leṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 1817: Something swinging, the valve of a, door

we will enclose
נָצ֥וּר (nā·ṣūr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common plural
Strong's 6696: To confine, bind, besiege

her
עָלֶ֖יהָ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

with panels
ל֥וּחַ (lū·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3871: To glisten, a tablet, of stone, wood, metal

of cedar.
אָֽרֶז׃ (’ā·rez)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 730: A cedar tree


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