Leviticus 22:10
New International Version
“’No one outside a priest’s family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.

New Living Translation
“No one outside a priest’s family may eat the sacred offerings. Even guests and hired workers in a priest’s home are not allowed to eat them.

English Standard Version
“A lay person shall not eat of a holy thing; no foreign guest of the priest or hired worker shall eat of a holy thing,

Berean Study Bible
No one outside a priest’s family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired hand eat it.

King James Bible
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

New King James Version
‘No outsider shall eat the holy offering; one who dwells with the priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat the holy thing.

New American Standard Bible
‘No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a foreign resident with the priest or a hired worker shall not eat the holy gift.

NASB 1995
No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift.

NASB 1977
‘No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift.

Amplified Bible
‘No layman [that is, someone outside of Aaron’s family] is to eat the holy gift [which has been offered to God]; a foreigner residing with the priest or a hired man shall not eat the holy thing.

Christian Standard Bible
“No one outside a priest’s family is to eat the holy offering. A foreigner staying with a priest or a hired worker is not to eat the holy offering.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
No one outside a priest’s family is to eat the holy offering. A foreigner staying with a priest or a hired hand is not to eat the holy offering.

American Standard Version
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest's, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And no foreigner shall eat the holy; a guest of the Priest and a hired man shall not eat the holy.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And no stranger shall eat the holy things: one that sojourns with a priest, or a hireling, shall not eat the holy things.

Contemporary English Version
Only you priests and your families may eat the food offerings; these are too sacred for any of your servants.

Douay-Rheims Bible
No stranger shall eat of the sanctified things: a sojourner of the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of them.

English Revised Version
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest's, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Good News Translation
"Only a member of a priestly family may eat any of the sacred offerings; no one else may eat them--not even someone staying with a priest or hired by him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Laypeople must never eat any holy offering, even if they are visiting a priest or are working for him.

International Standard Version
"No resident alien is to eat anything sacred. Neither the visitor of the priest nor a hired laborer is to eat anything sacred.

JPS Tanakh 1917
There shall no common man eat of the holy thing; a tenant of a priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Literal Standard Version
And no stranger eats of the holy thing; a settler [with] a priest and a hired worker does not eat of the holy thing;

NET Bible
"'No lay person may eat anything holy. Neither a priest's lodger nor a hired laborer may eat anything holy,

New Heart English Bible
"'No stranger shall eat of the holy thing: a foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

World English Bible
"'No stranger shall eat of the holy thing: a foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Young's Literal Translation
'And no stranger doth eat of the holy thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling doth not eat of the holy thing;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Restrictions Against the Unclean
9The priests must keep My charge, lest they bear the guilt and die because they profane it. I am the LORD who sanctifies them. 10No one outside a priest’s family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired hand eat it. 11But if a priest buys a slave with his own money, or if a slave is born in his household, that slave may eat his food.…

Cross References
Exodus 12:45
A temporary resident or hired hand shall not eat the Passover.

Exodus 29:33
They must eat those things by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no outsider may eat them, because these things are sacred.

Leviticus 22:13
But if a priest's daughter with no children becomes widowed or divorced and returns to her father's house, she may share her father's food as in her youth. But no outsider may share it.

Numbers 3:10
So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons to carry out the duties of the priesthood; but any outsider who approaches the tabernacle must be put to death."


Treasury of Scripture

There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Matthew 12:4
How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?









(10) There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing.--By "stranger" here is meant a non-Aaronite who was a stranger to the priestly family, though he was an Israelite, or even a Levite. The holy things are the peace offerings. (See Leviticus 7:30.)

A sojourner of the priest.--This, during the second Temple, was a Hebrew servant whose ear had been pierced, and who thus became his master's property till the year of jubile. (See Exodus 21:6.)

Or an hired servant.--That is, a Hebrew servant who is hired for several years, and who goes out free after six years. (See Exodus 21:2.) Neither of them was the property of the priest, though his labour and services belonged to him. As these Hebrew servants could not be bought with money like a heathen slave, they were treated like strangers, or non-Aaronites, and hence were not permitted to partake of the holy food.

Verses 10-13. - The previous paragraph having forbidden the priests to eat of the holy things while in a state of ceremonial uncleanness, naturally leads to the question, who has the right of eating them? The answer is, the priest's family. The members of the priest's family here specified are those only about whom any question might have arisen, namely, the slaves, who, as bring incorporated into the priest's household, have a right of eating of the priestly food not enjoyed by lodgers in his house or by servants hired with his money; and married daughters who have returned to their father's roof in consequence of the death of their husband, or of being divorced, without any children of their own. Under these circumstances, it is ruled that they become once more a part of the priest's family, and able to exercise the privileges of that position. The priest's wife and sons and unmarried daughters are not here mentioned, as no question arose about them.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
No
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

one
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

outside
זָ֖ר (zār)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 2114: To turn aside, to be a, foreigner, strange, profane, to commit adultery

a priest’s family is to eat
יֹ֣אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 398: To eat

the sacred offering,
קֹ֑דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

nor may a foreigner
תּוֹשַׁ֥ב (tō·wō·šaḇ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8453: Resident alien

staying with a priest,
כֹּהֵ֛ן (kō·hên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3548: Priest

or a hired hand,
וְשָׂכִ֖יר (wə·śā·ḵîr)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7916: A man at wages

eat
יֹ֥אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 398: To eat

of [it].
קֹֽדֶשׁ׃ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity


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Common Eat Family Food Foreigner Gift Guest Hired Hireling Holy House However Layman Offering Outside Outsider Priest Priests Priest's Sacred Servant Settler Sojourner Stranger Worker
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OT Law: Leviticus 22:10 No stranger shall eat of the holy (Le Lv Lev.)
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