Leviticus 22:10
New International Version
"'No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.

New Living Translation
"No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offerings. Even guests and hired workers in a priest's home are not allowed to eat them.

English Standard Version
“A lay person shall not eat of a holy thing; no foreign guest of the priest or hired worker shall eat of a holy thing,

Berean Study Bible
No one outside a priest’s family is to eat the sacred offering, nor may a foreigner staying with a priest, or a hired hand, eat of it.

New American Standard Bible
No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift.

King James Bible
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Christian Standard Bible
"No one outside a priest's family is to eat the holy offering. A foreigner staying with a priest or a hired worker is not to eat the holy offering.

Contemporary English Version
Only you priests and your families may eat the food offerings; these are too sacred for any of your servants.

Good News Translation
"Only a member of a priestly family may eat any of the sacred offerings; no one else may eat them--not even someone staying with a priest or hired by him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
No one outside a priest's family is to eat the holy offering. A foreigner staying with a priest or a hired hand is not to eat the holy offering.

International Standard Version
"No resident alien is to eat anything sacred. Neither the visitor of the priest nor a hired laborer is to eat anything sacred.

NET Bible
"'No lay person may eat anything holy. Neither a priest's lodger nor a hired laborer may eat anything holy,

New Heart English Bible
"'No stranger shall eat of the holy thing: a foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Laypeople must never eat any holy offering, even if they are visiting a priest or are working for him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
There shall no common man eat of the holy thing; a tenant of a priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

New American Standard 1977
‘No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift.

Jubilee Bible 2000
No stranger shall eat of the holy thing; a guest of the priest or a hired servant shall not eat of the holy thing.

King James 2000 Bible
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

American King James Version
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

American Standard Version
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest's, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
No stranger shall eat of the sanctified things: a sojourner of the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of them.

Darby Bible Translation
And no stranger shall eat the holy thing; the sojourner with the priest, and the hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

English Revised Version
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest's, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Webster's Bible Translation
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

World English Bible
"'No stranger shall eat of the holy thing: a foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Young's Literal Translation
'And no stranger doth eat of the holy thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling doth not eat of the holy thing;
Study Bible
Restrictions Against the Unclean
9The priests must keep My charge, lest they bear the guilt and die because they profane it. I am the LORD who sanctifies them. 10No one outside a priest’s family is to eat the sacred offering, nor may a foreigner staying with a priest, or a hired hand, eat of it. 11But if a priest purchases someone with his money, or one is born in his household, that person may eat of it.…
Cross References
Exodus 12:45
A temporary resident or hired hand shall not eat the Passover.

Exodus 29:33
They must eat those things by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no outsider may eat them, because these things are sacred.

Leviticus 22:13
But if a priest's daughter with no children becomes widowed or divorced and returns to her father's house, she may share her father's food as in her youth. But no outsider may share it.

Numbers 3:10
So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons to carry out the duties of the priesthood; but any layman who approaches the tabernacle must be put to death."

Treasury of Scripture

There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

The word {zar}, a {stranger}, does not mean one of another nation, a {foreigner}, which is expressed by {hechar}, but one who is not of the seed of Aaron, or does not belong to his family.

1 Samuel 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there …

Matthew 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the show bread, …







Lexicon
No
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

one
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

outside
זָ֖ר (zār)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2114: To turn aside, to be a, foreigner, strange, profane, to commit adultery

a priest’s family is to eat
יֹ֣אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

the sacred offering,
קֹ֑דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

nor may a foreigner
תּוֹשַׁ֥ב (tō·wō·šaḇ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8453: Resident alien

staying with a priest,
כֹּהֵ֛ן (kō·hên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

or a hired hand,
וְשָׂכִ֖יר (wə·śā·ḵîr)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7916: A man at wages

eat
יֹ֥אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

of [it].
קֹֽדֶשׁ׃ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity
(10) There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing.--By "stranger" here is meant a non-Aaronite who was a stranger to the priestly family, though he was an Israelite, or even a Levite. The holy things are the peace offerings. (See Leviticus 7:30.)

A sojourner of the priest.--This, during the second Temple, was a Hebrew servant whose ear had been pierced, and who thus became his master's property till the year of jubile. (See Exodus 21:6.)

Or an hired servant.--That is, a Hebrew servant who is hired for several years, and who goes out free after six years. (See Exodus 21:2.) Neither of them was the property of the priest, though his labour and services belonged to him. As these Hebrew servants could not be bought with money like a heathen slave, they were treated like strangers, or non-Aaronites, and hence were not permitted to partake of the holy food.

Verses 10-13. - The previous paragraph having forbidden the priests to eat of the holy things while in a state of ceremonial uncleanness, naturally leads to the question, who has the right of eating them? The answer is, the priest's family. The members of the priest's family here specified are those only about whom any question might have arisen, namely, the slaves, who, as bring incorporated into the priest's household, have a right of eating of the priestly food not enjoyed by lodgers in his house or by servants hired with his money; and married daughters who have returned to their father's roof in consequence of the death of their husband, or of being divorced, without any children of their own. Under these circumstances, it is ruled that they become once more a part of the priest's family, and able to exercise the privileges of that position. The priest's wife and sons and unmarried daughters are not here mentioned, as no question arose about them. 22:1-33 Laws concerning the priests and sacrifices. - In this chapter we have divers laws concerning the priests and sacrifices, all for preserving the honour of the sanctuary. Let us recollect with gratitude that our great High Priest cannot be hindered by any thing from the discharge of his office. Let us also remember, that the Lord requires us to reverence his name, his truths, his ordinances, and commandments. Let us beware of hypocrisy, and examine ourselves concerning our sinful defilements, seeking to be purified from them in the blood of Christ, and by his sanctifying Spirit. Whoever attempts to expiate his own sin, or draws near in the pride of self-righteousness, puts as great an affront on Christ, as he who comes to the Lord's table from the gratification of sinful lusts. Nor can the minister who loves the souls of the people, suffer them to continue in this dangerous delusion. He must call upon them, not only to repent of their sins, and forsake them; but to put their whole trust in the atonement of Christ, by faith in his name, for pardon and acceptance with God; thus only will the Lord make them holy, as his own people.
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OT Law: Leviticus 22:10 No stranger shall eat of the holy (Le Lv Lev.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Leviticus 22:9
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