Leviticus 22:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'No one outside a priest's family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.

King James Bible
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Darby Bible Translation
And no stranger shall eat the holy thing; the sojourner with the priest, and the hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

World English Bible
"'No stranger shall eat of the holy thing: a foreigner living with the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Young's Literal Translation
'And no stranger doth eat of the holy thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling doth not eat of the holy thing;

Leviticus 22:10 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing - For the meaning of the word stranger, see the note on Exodus 12:43. The Jews suppose that stranger here means one who has had his ear pierced, (see the note on Exodus 21:6), and that sojourner means a servant who is to go free on the Sabbatical year. Neither of these was permitted to eat of the holy things, because they were not properly members of the priest's family, and might go out and defile themselves even with the abominations of the heathen; but the servant or slave that was bought with money, Leviticus 22:11, might eat of these things, because he was the property of the master for ever. We see that it was lawful, under the Mosaic economy, to have slaves under certain restrictions; but these were taken from among the heathen, and instructed in the true religion: hence we find, as in the above case, that they were reckoned as a part of the priest's own family, and treated as such. They certainly had privileges which did not extend either to sojourners or to hired servants; therefore their situation was incomparably better than the situation of the slaves under different European governments, of whose souls their pitiless possessors in general take no care, while they themselves venture to profess the Christian religion, and quote the Mosaic law in vindication of their system of slavery. How preposterous is such conduct! and how intolerable!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The word {zar}, a {stranger}, does not mean one of another nation, a {foreigner}, which is expressed by {hechar}, but one who is not of the seed of Aaron, or does not belong to his family.

1 Samuel 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the show bread, that was taken from before the LORD...

Matthew 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the show bread, which was not lawful for him to eat...

Library
The Two Sabbath-Controversies - the Plucking of the Ears of Corn by the Disciples, and the Healing of the Man with the Withered Hand
IN grouping together the three miracles of healing described in the last chapter, we do not wish to convey that it is certain they had taken place in precisely that order. Nor do we feel sure, that they preceded what is about to be related. In the absence of exact data, the succession of events and their location must be matter of combination. From their position in the Evangelic narratives, and the manner in which all concerned speak and act, we inferred, that they took place at that particular
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Exodus 12:45
but a temporary resident or a hired worker may not eat it.

Exodus 29:33
They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred.

Leviticus 22:13
But if a priest's daughter becomes a widow or is divorced, yet has no children, and she returns to live in her father's household as in her youth, she may eat her father's food. No unauthorized person, however, may eat it.

Numbers 3:10
Appoint Aaron and his sons to serve as priests; anyone else who approaches the sanctuary is to be put to death."

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Common Eat Family Food Foreigner Gift Guest Hired Hireling Holy House However Layman Offering Outside Outsider Priest Priests Priest's Sacred Servant Settler Sojourner Stranger Worker
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Common Eat Family Food Foreigner Gift Guest Hired Hireling Holy House However Layman Offering Outside Outsider Priest Priests Priest's Sacred Servant Settler Sojourner Stranger Worker
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