Ezekiel 18:19
New International Version
"Yet you ask, 'Why does the son not share the guilt of his father?' Since the son has done what is just and right and has been careful to keep all my decrees, he will surely live.

New Living Translation
"'What?' you ask. 'Doesn't the child pay for the parent's sins?' No! For if the child does what is just and right and keeps my decrees, that child will surely live.

English Standard Version
“Yet you say, ‘Why should not the son suffer for the iniquity of the father?’ When the son has done what is just and right, and has been careful to observe all my statutes, he shall surely live.

Berean Study Bible
Yet you may ask, ‘Why should the son not bear the iniquity of the father?’ Since the son has done what is just and right, carefully observing all My statutes, he will surely live.

New American Standard Bible
"Yet you say, 'Why should the son not bear the punishment for the father's iniquity?' When the son has practiced justice and righteousness and has observed all My statutes and done them, he shall surely live.

King James Bible
Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

Christian Standard Bible
But you may ask, 'Why doesn't the son suffer punishment for the father's iniquity?' Since the son has done what is just and right, carefully observing all my statutes, he will certainly live.

Contemporary English Version
You may wonder why a son isn't punished for the sins of his father. It is because the son does what is right and obeys my laws.

Good News Translation
"But you ask, 'Why shouldn't the son suffer because of his father's sins?' The answer is that the son did what was right and good. He kept my laws and followed them carefully, and so he will certainly live.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But you may ask, 'Why doesn't the son suffer punishment for the father's iniquity?' Since the son has done what is just and right, carefully observing all My statutes, he will certainly live.

International Standard Version
"Yet you keep asking, 'Why wouldn't the son bear the punishment of his father's sin?' Because the son has done what was lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes and obeyed them, he's certainly going to live.

NET Bible
"Yet you say, 'Why should the son not suffer for his father's iniquity?' When the son does what is just and right, and observes all my statutes and carries them out, he will surely live.

New Heart English Bible
"Yet you say, 'Why doesn't the son bear the iniquity of the father?' When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But you ask, 'Why isn't the son punished for his father's sin?' It is because the son has done what is fair and right. He obeyed my rules and followed them. He will certainly live.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Yet say ye: Why doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father with him? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all My statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

New American Standard 1977
“Yet you say, ‘Why should the son not bear the punishment for the father’s iniquity?’ When the son has practiced justice and righteousness, and has observed all My statutes and done them, he shall surely live.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Yet if ye say, Why does not the son bear the iniquity of the father? Because the son has lived according to judgment and righteousness and has kept all my statutes and has done them, he shall surely live.

King James 2000 Bible
Yet say you, Why? does not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live.

American King James Version
Yet say you, Why? does not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live.

American Standard Version
Yet say ye, Wherefore doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? when the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But ye will say, Why has not the son borne the iniquity of the father? Because the son has wrought judgment and mercy, has kept all my statues, and done them, he shall surely live.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you say: Why hath not the son borne the iniquity of his father? Verily, because the son hath wrought judgment and justice, hath kept all my commandments, and done them, living, he shall live.

Darby Bible Translation
And ye say, Why doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? But the son hath done judgment and justice, hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them; he shall certainly live.

English Revised Version
Yet say ye, Wherefore doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.

World English Bible
Yet you say, Why doesn't the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live.

Young's Literal Translation
And ye have said, Wherefore hath not the son, Borne of the iniquity of the father? And -- the son judgment and righteousness hath done, All My statutes he hath kept, And he doeth them, he surely liveth.
Study Bible
The Soul who Sins will Die
19Yet you may ask, ‘Why should the son not bear the iniquity of the father?’ Since the son has done what is just and right, carefully observing all My statutes, he will surely live. 20The soul who sins is the one who will die. A son will not bear the iniquity of the father, and a father will not bear the iniquity of the son. The righteousness of the righteous man will fall upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked man will fall upon him.…
Cross References
Exodus 20:5
You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on their children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,

Jeremiah 15:4
I will make them a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth because of what Manasseh son of Hezekiah king of Judah did in Jerusalem.

Ezekiel 18:2
"What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel: 'The fathers eat sour grapes, but the children's teeth are set on edge'?

Ezekiel 18:9
He follows My statutes and faithfully keeps My ordinances; he is righteous; surely he will live,' declares the Lord GOD.

Ezekiel 18:18
As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.

Ezekiel 20:18
In the wilderness I said to their children: "Do not walk in the statutes of your fathers or keep their ordinances or defile yourselves with their idols.

Zechariah 1:3
So tell the people that this is what the LORD of Hosts says: 'Return to Me,' declares the LORD of Hosts, 'and I will return to you,' says the LORD of Hosts.

Treasury of Scripture

Yet say you, Why? does not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son has done that which is lawful and right, and has kept all my statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live.

Why

Exodus 20:5
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Deuteronomy 5:9
Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,

2 Kings 23:26
Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him withal.

When

Ezekiel 20:18-20,24,30
But I said unto their children in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols: …

Zechariah 1:3-6
Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts…







Lexicon
Yet you may ask,
וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֕ם (wa·’ă·mar·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘Why
מַדֻּ֛עַ (mad·du·a‘)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4069: Why? for what reason?

should the son
הַבֵּ֖ן (hab·bên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

bear
נָשָׂ֥א (nā·śā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

the iniquity
בַּעֲוֺ֣ן (ba·‘ă·wōn)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

of the father?’
הָאָ֑ב (hā·’āḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

Since the son
וְהַבֵּ֞ן (wə·hab·bên)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

has done
עָשָׂ֗ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

what is just
מִשְׁפָּ֧ט (miš·pāṭ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

and right,
וּצְדָקָ֣ה (ū·ṣə·ḏā·qāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6666: Rightness, subjectively, objectively

carefully
שָׁמַ֛ר (šā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

observing
וַיַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה (way·ya·‘ă·śeh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

My statutes,
חֻקּוֹתַ֥י (ḥuq·qō·w·ṯay)
Noun - feminine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 2708: Something prescribed, an enactment, statute

he will surely live.
חָיֹ֥ה (ḥā·yōh)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 2421: To live, to revive
(19) Why? Doth not the son bear?--It would be clearer to read this as a single question, "Why doth not the son, &c?" It is the question proposed by the people in objection to what has been declared. To them it seemed the law of nature, the necessity of the case, the teaching of history, that the son should bear the iniquity of his father. Their ideas had not risen to the conception of man's individual responsibility to God; to them the individual was still but a part of the nation or the family. They ask, therefore, why this universal law should now be reversed. It was not true that any law was reversed, it was only that the superior prevailed over the inferior law; but, as usual in such cases, the Divine word does not reason with the human objection, but in this and the following verse only reiterates most emphatically the law of individual responsibility.

Verse 19. - Why? doth not the son, etc.? The words are better taken, with the LXX., Vulgate, Revised Version, and most critics, as a single question, Why doth not the son bear, etc.? What is the explanation of a fact which seemingly contradicts the teaching of the Law? The answer to the question seems at first only an iteration of what had been stated before. The son repents, and therefore does not bear his father's iniquity. A man is responsible for his own sins, and for those only. To think otherwise is to think of God as less righteous than man. 18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, every man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace. Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others, they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrules every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy; nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sense worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invited to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had a wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance on account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life, still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is not about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord's dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
Jump to Previous
Bear Careful Guilt Iniquity Justice Kept Lawful Observe Practiced Punishment Right Righteousness Share Statutes Suffer Surely Wherefore
Jump to Next
Bear Careful Guilt Iniquity Justice Kept Lawful Observe Practiced Punishment Right Righteousness Share Statutes Suffer Surely Wherefore
Links
Ezekiel 18:19 NIV
Ezekiel 18:19 NLT
Ezekiel 18:19 ESV
Ezekiel 18:19 NASB
Ezekiel 18:19 KJV

Ezekiel 18:19 Bible Apps
Ezekiel 18:19 Biblia Paralela
Ezekiel 18:19 Chinese Bible
Ezekiel 18:19 French Bible
Ezekiel 18:19 German Bible

Alphabetical: all and ask bear been careful decrees does done father father's for guilt has he his iniquity is just justice keep live my not observed of practiced punishment right righteousness say shall share should Since son statutes surely the them to what When Why will Yet you

OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:19 Yet say you Why does not (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Ezekiel 18:18
Top of Page
Top of Page