Psalm 32:4
New International Version
For day and night your hand was heavy on me; my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer.

New Living Translation
Day and night your hand of discipline was heavy on me. My strength evaporated like water in the summer heat. Interlude

English Standard Version
For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer. Selah

Berean Study Bible
For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was drained as in the summer heat. Selah

King James Bible
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.

New King James Version
For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; My vitality was turned into the drought of summer. Selah

New American Standard Bible
For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; My vitality failed as with the dry heat of summer. Selah

NASB 1995
For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; My vitality was drained away as with the fever heat of summer. Selah.

NASB 1977
For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me; My vitality was drained away as with the fever heat of summer. Selah.

Amplified Bible
For day and night Your hand [of displeasure] was heavy upon me; My energy (vitality, strength) was drained away as with the burning heat of summer. Selah.

Christian Standard Bible
For day and night your hand was heavy on me; my strength was drained as in the summer’s heat. Selah

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For day and night Your hand was heavy on me; my strength was drained as in the summer’s heat. Selah

American Standard Version
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: My moisture was changed as with the drought of summer. Selah

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because night and day your hand has been heavy against me, and pain returned into my chest to kill me.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: I became thoroughly miserable while a thorn was fastened in me. Pause.

Contemporary English Version
Night and day your hand weighed heavily on me, and my strength was gone as in the summer heat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: I am turned in my anguish, whilst the thorn is fastened.

English Revised Version
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture was changed as with the drought of summer. Selah

Good News Translation
Day and night you punished me, LORD; my strength was completely drained, as moisture is dried up by the summer heat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Day and night your hand lay heavily on me. My strength shriveled in the summer heat. [Selah]

International Standard Version
For your hand was heavy upon me day and night; my strength was exhausted as in a summer drought. Interlude

JPS Tanakh 1917
For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me; My sap was turned as in the droughts of summer. Selah

Literal Standard Version
When by day and by night Your hand is heavy on me, My moisture has been changed Into the droughts of summer. Selah.

NET Bible
For day and night you tormented me; you tried to destroy me in the intense heat of summer. (Selah)

New Heart English Bible
For day and night your hand was heavy on me to my destruction in the heat of summer. Selah.

World English Bible
For day and night your hand was heavy on me. My strength was sapped in the heat of summer. Selah.

Young's Literal Translation
When by day and by night Thy hand is heavy upon me, My moisture hath been changed Into the droughts of summer. Selah.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Providence of God
3When I kept silent, my bones became brittle from my groaning all day long. 4For day and night Your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was drained as in the summer heat. Selah 5Then I acknowledged my sin to You and did not hide my iniquity. I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD,” and You forgave the guilt of my sin. Selah…

Cross References
Acts 13:11
Now look, the hand of the Lord is against you, and for a time you will be blind and unable to see the light of the sun." Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand.

Ruth 1:13
would you wait for them to grow up? Would you refrain from having husbands? No, my daughters, it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD has gone out against me."

1 Samuel 5:6
Now the hand of the LORD was heavy on the people of Ashdod and its vicinity, ravaging them and afflicting them with tumors.

Job 23:2
"Even today my complaint is bitter. His hand is heavy despite my groaning.

Job 33:7
Surely no fear of me should terrify you; nor will my hand be heavy upon you.

Psalm 22:15
My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth. You lay me in the dust of death.

Psalm 38:2
For Your arrows have pierced me deeply, and Your hand has pressed down on me.


Treasury of Scripture

For day and night your hand was heavy on me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.

hand

Psalm 38:2-8
For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore…

Psalm 39:10,11
Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand…

1 Samuel 5:6,7,9,11
But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof…

moisture

Psalm 22:15
My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

Psalm 90:6,7
In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth…

Psalm 102:3,4
For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth…









(4) Thy hand was heavy.--The verb, as in "kept silence" in Psalm 32:3, is properly present--the agony is still vividly present.

My moisture.--The Hebrew word is found only once besides (Numbers 11:8), where the Authorised Version has "fresh oil;" the LXX. and Vulg., "an oily cake." Aquila has "of the breast of oil," reading the word erroneously. Here both LXX. and Vulg. seem to have had a different reading, "I was turned to sorrow while the thorn was fixed in." Symmachus translates somewhat similarly, but by "to destruction" instead of "to sorrow." Aquila, "to my spoiling in summer desolation." These readings, however, mistake the lamed, which is part of the word, for a preposition. Gesenius connects with an Arabic root, to suck, and so gets the meaning juice or moisture.

Into the drought of summer.--This is the best rendering of the Hebrew, though it might be either "as in summer dryness" or "with summer heat." Some understand literally a fever, but it is better to take it figuratively of the soul-fever which the whole passage describes.

Verse 4. - For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me. David sees now that his sufferings at this time came from God, and were a part of the punishment of his sin. They continued without intermission both by day and by night. His conscience was never wholly at rest. My moisture is turned into the drought of summer; literally, my sap was changed through summer drought; i.e. the vital principle, which had been strong in him, was changed - burnt up and exhausted - by the heat of God's wrath.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For
כִּ֤י ׀ (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

day
יוֹמָ֣ם (yō·w·mām)
Adverb
Strong's 3119: Daytime, by day

and night
וָלַיְלָה֮ (wā·lay·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3915: A twist, night, adversity

Your hand
יָ֫דֶ֥ךָ (yā·ḏe·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

was heavy
תִּכְבַּ֥ד (tiḵ·baḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3513: To be heavy, weighty, or burdensome

upon me;
עָלַ֗י (‘ā·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

my strength
לְשַׁדִּ֑י (lə·šad·dî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 3955: Juice, juicy or dainty bit, a dainty

was drained
נֶהְפַּ֥ךְ (neh·paḵ)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2015: To turn about, over, to change, overturn, return, pervert

as in the summer
קַ֣יִץ (qa·yiṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7019: To awake

heat.
בְּחַרְבֹ֖נֵי (bə·ḥar·ḇō·nê)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 2725: Parching heat

Selah
סֶֽלָה׃ (se·lāh)
Interjection
Strong's 5542: Suspension, pause


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OT Poetry: Psalm 32:4 For day and night your hand was (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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