Psalm 32:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer. Selah

King James Bible
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.

American Standard Version
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: My moisture was changed as with the drought of summer. Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: I am turned in my anguish, whilst the thorn is fastened.

English Revised Version
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture was changed as with the drought of summer. Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drouth of summer. Selah.

Psalm 32:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 31:20-25) In this part well-grounded hope expands to triumphant certainty; and this breaks forth into grateful praise of the goodness of God to His own, and an exhortation to all to wait with steadfast faith on Jahve. The thought: how gracious hath Jahve been to me, takes a more universal form in Psalm 31:20. It is an exclamation (מה, as in Psalm 36:8) of adoring admiration. טוּב יהוה is the sum of the good which God has treasured up for the constant and ever increasing use and enjoyment of His saints. צפן is used in the same sense as in Psalm 17:14; cf. τὸ μάννα τὸ κεκρυμμένον, Revelation 2:17. Instead of פּעלתּ it ought strictly to be נתתּ; for we can say פּעל טּוב, but not פּעל טוּב. What is meant is, the doing or manifesting of טּוב springing from this טוּב, which is the treasure of grace. Jahve thus makes Himself known to His saints for the confounding of their enemies and in defiance of all the world besides, Psalm 23:5. He takes those who are His under His protection from the רכסי אישׁ, confederations of men (from רכס, Arab. rks, magna copia), from the wrangling, i.e., the slanderous scourging, of tongues. Elsewhere it is said, that God hides one in סתר אהלו (Psalm 27:5), or in סתר כּנפיו (Psalm 61:5), or in His shadow (צל, Psalm 91:1); in this passage it is: in the defence and protection of His countenance, i.e., in the region of the unapproachable light that emanates from His presence. The סכּה is the safe and comfortable protection of the Almighty which spans over the persecuted one like an arbour or rich foliage. With בּרוּך ה David again passes over to his own personal experience. The unity of the Psalm requires us to refer the praise to the fact of the deliverance which is anticipated by faith. Jahve has shown him wondrous favour, inasmuch as He has given him a עיר מצור as a place of abode. מצור, from צוּר to shut in (Arabic misr with the denominative verb maṣṣara, to found a fortified city), signifies both a siege, i.e., a shutting in by siege-works, and a fortifying (cf. Psalm 60:11 with Psalm 108:11), i.e., a shutting in by fortified works against the attack of the enemy, 2 Chronicles 8:5. The fenced city is mostly interpreted as God Himself and His powerful and gracious protection. We might then compare Isaiah 33:21 and other passages. But why may not an actual city be intended, viz., Ziklag? The fact, that after long and troublous days David there found a strong and sure resting-place, he here celebrates beforehand, and unconsciously prophetically, as a wondrous token of divine favour. To him Ziklag was indeed the turning-point between his degradation and exaltation. He had already said in his trepidation (חפז, trepidare), cf. Psalm 116:11 : I am cut away from the range of Thine eyes. נגרזתּי is explained according to גּרזן, an axe; Lamentations 3:54, נגרזתּי, and Jonah 2:5, נגרשׁתּי, favour this interpretation. He thought in his fear and despair, that God would never more care about him. אכן, verum enim vero, but Jahve heard the cry of his entreaty, when he cried unto Him (the same words as in Psalm 28:2). On the ground of these experiences he calls upon all the godly to love the God who has done such gracious things, i.e., to love Love itself. On the one hand, He preserves the faithful (אמוּנים, from אמוּן equals אמוּן, πιστοί, as in Psalm 12:2), who keep faith with Him, by also proving to them His faithfulness by protection in every danger; on the other hand, not scantily, but plentifully (על as in Isaiah 60:7; Jeremiah 6:14 : κατὰ περισσείαν) He rewardeth those that practise pride-in the sight of God, the Lord, the sin of sins. An animating appeal to the godly (metamorphosed out of the usual form of the expression חזק ואמץ, macte esto), resembling the animating call to his own heart in Psalm 27:14, closes the Psalm. The godly and faithful are here called "those who wait upon Jahve." They are to wait patiently, for this waiting has a glorious end; the bright, spring sun at length breaks through the dark, angry aspect of the heavens, and the esto mihi is changed into halleluja. This eye of hope patiently directed towards Jahve is the characteristic of the Old Testament faith. The substantial unity, however, of the Old Testament order of grace, or mercy, with that of the New Testament, is set before us in Psalm 32:1-11, which, in its New Testament and Pauline character, is the counterpart of Psalm 19:1-14.

Psalm 32:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hand

Psalm 38:2-8 For your arrows stick fast in me, and your hand presses me sore...

Psalm 39:10,11 Remove your stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of your hand...

1 Samuel 5:6,7,9,11 But the hand of the LORD was heavy on them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with tumors...

1 Samuel 6:9 And see, if it goes up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he has done us this great evil: but if not...

Job 16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleads for his neighbor!

Job 33:7 Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy on you.

moisture

Psalm 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue sticks to my jaws; and you have brought me into the dust of death.

Psalm 90:6,7 In the morning it flourishes, and grows up; in the evening it is cut down, and wither...

Psalm 102:3,4 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth...

Job 30:30 My skin is black on me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Lamentations 4:8 Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin sticks to their bones; it is withered...

Lamentations 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.

Cross References
Acts 13:11
And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon you, and you will be blind and unable to see the sun for a time." Immediately mist and darkness fell upon him, and he went about seeking people to lead him by the hand.

Ruth 1:13
would you therefore wait till they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters, for it is exceedingly bitter to me for your sake that the hand of the LORD has gone out against me."

1 Samuel 5:6
The hand of the LORD was heavy against the people of Ashdod, and he terrified and afflicted them with tumors, both Ashdod and its territory.

Job 23:2
"Today also my complaint is bitter; my hand is heavy on account of my groaning.

Job 33:7
Behold, no fear of me need terrify you; my pressure will not be heavy upon you.

Psalm 22:15
my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.

Psalm 38:2
For your arrows have sunk into me, and your hand has come down on me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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