Psalm 32:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For when I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long.

King James Bible
When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.

American Standard Version
When I kept silence, my bones wasted away Through my groaning all the day long.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because I was silent my bones grew old; whilst I cried out all the day long.

English Revised Version
When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.

Webster's Bible Translation
When I kept silence, my bones became old through my roaring all the day long.

Psalm 32:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 31:20-25) In this part well-grounded hope expands to triumphant certainty; and this breaks forth into grateful praise of the goodness of God to His own, and an exhortation to all to wait with steadfast faith on Jahve. The thought: how gracious hath Jahve been to me, takes a more universal form in Psalm 31:20. It is an exclamation (מה, as in Psalm 36:8) of adoring admiration. טוּב יהוה is the sum of the good which God has treasured up for the constant and ever increasing use and enjoyment of His saints. צפן is used in the same sense as in Psalm 17:14; cf. τὸ μάννα τὸ κεκρυμμένον, Revelation 2:17. Instead of פּעלתּ it ought strictly to be נתתּ; for we can say פּעל טּוב, but not פּעל טוּב. What is meant is, the doing or manifesting of טּוב springing from this טוּב, which is the treasure of grace. Jahve thus makes Himself known to His saints for the confounding of their enemies and in defiance of all the world besides, Psalm 23:5. He takes those who are His under His protection from the רכסי אישׁ, confederations of men (from רכס, Arab. rks, magna copia), from the wrangling, i.e., the slanderous scourging, of tongues. Elsewhere it is said, that God hides one in סתר אהלו (Psalm 27:5), or in סתר כּנפיו (Psalm 61:5), or in His shadow (צל, Psalm 91:1); in this passage it is: in the defence and protection of His countenance, i.e., in the region of the unapproachable light that emanates from His presence. The סכּה is the safe and comfortable protection of the Almighty which spans over the persecuted one like an arbour or rich foliage. With בּרוּך ה David again passes over to his own personal experience. The unity of the Psalm requires us to refer the praise to the fact of the deliverance which is anticipated by faith. Jahve has shown him wondrous favour, inasmuch as He has given him a עיר מצור as a place of abode. מצור, from צוּר to shut in (Arabic misr with the denominative verb maṣṣara, to found a fortified city), signifies both a siege, i.e., a shutting in by siege-works, and a fortifying (cf. Psalm 60:11 with Psalm 108:11), i.e., a shutting in by fortified works against the attack of the enemy, 2 Chronicles 8:5. The fenced city is mostly interpreted as God Himself and His powerful and gracious protection. We might then compare Isaiah 33:21 and other passages. But why may not an actual city be intended, viz., Ziklag? The fact, that after long and troublous days David there found a strong and sure resting-place, he here celebrates beforehand, and unconsciously prophetically, as a wondrous token of divine favour. To him Ziklag was indeed the turning-point between his degradation and exaltation. He had already said in his trepidation (חפז, trepidare), cf. Psalm 116:11 : I am cut away from the range of Thine eyes. נגרזתּי is explained according to גּרזן, an axe; Lamentations 3:54, נגרזתּי, and Jonah 2:5, נגרשׁתּי, favour this interpretation. He thought in his fear and despair, that God would never more care about him. אכן, verum enim vero, but Jahve heard the cry of his entreaty, when he cried unto Him (the same words as in Psalm 28:2). On the ground of these experiences he calls upon all the godly to love the God who has done such gracious things, i.e., to love Love itself. On the one hand, He preserves the faithful (אמוּנים, from אמוּן equals אמוּן, πιστοί, as in Psalm 12:2), who keep faith with Him, by also proving to them His faithfulness by protection in every danger; on the other hand, not scantily, but plentifully (על as in Isaiah 60:7; Jeremiah 6:14 : κατὰ περισσείαν) He rewardeth those that practise pride-in the sight of God, the Lord, the sin of sins. An animating appeal to the godly (metamorphosed out of the usual form of the expression חזק ואמץ, macte esto), resembling the animating call to his own heart in Psalm 27:14, closes the Psalm. The godly and faithful are here called "those who wait upon Jahve." They are to wait patiently, for this waiting has a glorious end; the bright, spring sun at length breaks through the dark, angry aspect of the heavens, and the esto mihi is changed into halleluja. This eye of hope patiently directed towards Jahve is the characteristic of the Old Testament faith. The substantial unity, however, of the Old Testament order of grace, or mercy, with that of the New Testament, is set before us in Psalm 32:1-11, which, in its New Testament and Pauline character, is the counterpart of Psalm 19:1-14.

Psalm 32:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When

Genesis 3:8-19 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day...

1 Samuel 31:13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

2 Samuel 11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bore him a son...

2 Samuel 12:1-12 And the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him, and said to him, There were two men in one city; the one rich...

2 Samuel 21:12-14 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead...

Proverbs 28:13 He that covers his sins shall not prosper: but whoever confesses and forsakes them shall have mercy.

Isaiah 57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth...

Jeremiah 31:18,19 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Luke 15:15,16 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine...

bones

Psalm 6:2 Have mercy on me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.

Psalm 31:9,10 Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in trouble: my eye is consumed with grief, yes, my soul and my belly...

Psalm 38:3 There is no soundness in my flesh because of your anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.

Psalm 51:8 Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which you have broken may rejoice.

Psalm 102:3-5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth...

Job 30:17,30 My bones are pierced in me in the night season: and my sinews take no rest...

Lamentations 1:3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwells among the heathen, she finds no rest...

Lamentations 3:4 My flesh and my skin has he made old; he has broken my bones.

roaring

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

Psalm 38:8 I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart.

Job 3:24 For my sighing comes before I eat, and my roarings are poured out like the waters.

Isaiah 51:20 Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD...

Isaiah 59:11 We roar all like bears, and mourn sore like doves: we look for judgment, but there is none; for salvation, but it is far off from us.

Lamentations 3:8 Also when I cry and shout, he shuts out my prayer.

Hosea 7:14 And they have not cried to me with their heart, when they howled on their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine...

Cross References
Psalm 22:1
My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?

Psalm 31:10
For my life is spent with sorrow, and my years with sighing; my strength fails because of my iniquity, and my bones waste away.

Psalm 38:8
I am feeble and crushed; I groan because of the tumult of my heart.

Psalm 39:2
I was mute and silent; I held my peace to no avail, and my distress grew worse.

Psalm 39:3
My heart became hot within me. As I mused, the fire burned; then I spoke with my tongue:

Proverbs 28:13
Whoever conceals his transgressions will not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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