Zechariah 3:1
New International Version
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him.

New Living Translation
Then the angel showed me Jeshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD. The Accuser, Satan, was there at the angel’s right hand, making accusations against Jeshua.

English Standard Version
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

Berean Study Bible
Then the angel showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

New American Standard Bible
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

New King James Version
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him.

King James Bible
And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he showed me the high priest Joshua standing before the angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right side to accuse him.

Contemporary English Version
I was given another vision. This time Joshua the high priest was standing in front of the LORD's angel. And there was Satan, standing at Joshua's right side, ready to accuse him.

Good News Translation
In another vision the LORD showed me the High Priest Joshua standing before the angel of the LORD. And there beside Joshua stood Satan, ready to bring an accusation against him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right side to accuse him.

International Standard Version
Then I saw Joshua the High Priest standing in the presence of the angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right to oppose him.

NET Bible
Next I saw Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

New Heart English Bible
He showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to be his adversary.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he showed me Joshua, the chief priest, standing in front of the Messenger of the LORD. Satan the Accuser was standing at Joshua's right side to accuse him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

New American Standard 1977
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he showed me Joshua the high priest, standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

King James 2000 Bible
And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.

American King James Version
And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

American Standard Version
And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Jehovah, and Satan standing at his right hand to be his adversary.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lords said to the Devil,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord shewed me Jesus the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord: and Satan stood on his right hand to be his adversary.

Darby Bible Translation
And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of Jehovah, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

English Revised Version
And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to be his adversary.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

World English Bible
He showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Yahweh, and Satan standing at his right hand to be his adversary.

Young's Literal Translation
And he sheweth me Joshua the high priest standing before the messenger of Jehovah, and the Adversary standing at his right hand, to be an adversary to him.
Study Bible
The Vision of Joshua the High Priest
1Then the angel showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, with Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him. 2And the LORD said to Satan: “The LORD rebukes you, Satan! Indeed, the LORD, who has chosen Jerusalem, rebukes you! Is not this man a firebrand snatched from the fire?”…
Cross References
Revelation 12:10
And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying: "Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of His Christ. For the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down--he who accuses them day and night before our God.

1 Chronicles 21:1
Then Satan rose up against Israel and incited David to take a census of Israel.

Ezra 5:2
Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and Jeshua son of Jozadak rose up and began to rebuild the house of God in Jerusalem. And the prophets of God were with them, helping them.

Ezra 10:18
Among the descendants of the priests who had married foreign women were found these descendants of Jeshua son of Jozadak and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah.

Job 1:6
One day the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them.

Psalm 109:6
Set over him a wicked man; let an accuser stand at his right hand.

Ezekiel 44:15
But the Levitical priests, who are descended from Zadok and who kept charge of My sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from Me, are to approach Me to minister before Me. They will stand before Me to offer Me fat and blood, declares the Lord GOD.

Haggai 1:1
In the second year of the reign of Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the LORD came through Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, stating

Zechariah 4:14
So he said, "These are the two anointed ones who are standing beside the Lord of all the earth."

Zechariah 6:11
Take silver and gold, make an ornate crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jehozadak.

Treasury of Scripture

And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

he.

Zechariah 1:9,13,19
Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these be

Zechariah 2:3
And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

Zechariah 2:8
For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

standing.

Deuteronomy 10:8
At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day.

Deuteronomy 18:15
The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;

1 Samuel 6:20
And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?

the angel.

Genesis 48:16
The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.

Exodus 3:2-6
And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed…

Exodus 23:20,21
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared…

Satan.

Job 1:6-12
Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them…

Job 2:1-8
Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD…

Psalm 109:6
Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

resist him.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.







Lexicon
Then [the angel] showed me
וַיַּרְאֵ֗נִי (way·yar·’ê·nî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

Joshua
יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

the high
הַגָּד֔וֹל (hag·gā·ḏō·wl)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

priest
הַכֹּהֵ֣ן (hak·kō·hên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

standing
עֹמֵ֕ד (‘ō·mêḏ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

before
לִפְנֵ֖י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the Angel
מַלְאַ֣ךְ (mal·’aḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD,
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

with Satan
וְהַשָּׂטָ֛ן (wə·haś·śā·ṭān)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7854: An opponent -- Satan, the arch-enemy of good

standing
עֹמֵ֥ד (‘ō·mêḏ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

at
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his right hand
יְמִינ֖וֹ (yə·mî·nōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3225: The right hand, side, the south

to accuse him.
לְשִׂטְנֽוֹ׃ (lə·śiṭ·nōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7853: To be or act as adversary
Verses 1-10. - § 6. The fourth vision: Joshua the high priest before the angel. Verse 1. - He showed me. The Septuagint and Vulgate give, "The Lord showed me." Some suppose that it was the interpreting angel who showed this vision; but his duty was to explain, not to present, the visions. So in Zechariah 1:20 it is the Lord who shows the "four craftsmen." This vision is closely connected with the last. In that it was declared that the Lord would again dwell in Jerusalem, and visit his people with blessings. But to fit them for the presence and favour of Jehovah they must be pure. To this end they must have a holy priesthood to train them in righteous ways, to oppose the attacks of the adversary, and to intercede for them effectually. The removal of their impurity is represented in the fourth vision. Joshua the high priest (see note on Haggai 1:1). The name is written Joshua in Ezra 2:2, etc. He was the first of the high priests after the Captivity, succeeding, as by hereditary right, his father Josedech, who died in Babylon. For his services in restoring the temple he is praised among great men in Ecclus. 49:12. Standing before the angel of the Lord. Joshua is the representative of the priesthoood, and through that also of the whole people. The angel of Jehovah (see notes on Zechariah 1:11, 13) is the representative of and endowed with attributes of Jehovah, the Friend and Leader of Israel. The phrase, "standing before," is used in a ministerial sense, as of a servant rendering service to a superior (Genesis 41:46; 1 Kings 12:6, 8), and a priest or Levite performing his official duties (Deuteronomy 10:8; Ezekiel 44:15) : also, in a judicial sense, of a person appearing before a judge, either as plaintiff (Numbers 27:2; 1 Kings 3:16) or defendant (Numbers 35:12). Many commentators find in this scene a judicial process, Joshua appearing before the angel as before his judge; and Ewald supposes that it adumbrates his actual accusation at the Persian court, The mention of the adversary at the right hand (Psalm 109:6) is supposed to confirm this interpretation. But it is obvious that the adversary might stand at the right hand, not as a formal accuser in a trial, but in order to resist and hinder Joshua's proceedings; the angel, too, is not represented as sitting on a throne of judgment, but standing by (ver. 5), and there is no further intimation of any judicial process in the vision. It is therefore best to conceive that Joshua is interceding for the people in his official capacity in the presence of the representative of Jehovah. The locality is not specified; it may have been before the altar, which, we know, was built and used at this time. The special mention of his garments implies that he was engaged in official duties in a consecrated spot; but the place is immaterial. Satan; the adversary, or accuser. The personality of Satan is here plainly recognized, as in Job 1:6, etc.; Job 2:1, etc., rendered by the LXX. in all these places, ὁ διάβολος (see Appendix B, in Archdeacon Perowne's 'Commentary on Zechariah'). At his (Joshua's) right hand. Not as a judicial accuser, but as an enemy to resist his efforts for the good of the people, and to thwart his interests with the angel of the Lord. To resist him; to act the adversary to him. The verb is cognate to, the noun above. From what follows we must suppose that Satan objects against Joshua both his own personal sin and the transgressions of the people whose burden he bore (comp. ver. 9, where his sin is called "the iniquity of the land," which would include the guilt which had led to the Captivity, their dilatoriness in building the temple, and all their backslidings since the return). 3:1-5 The angel showed Joshua, the high priest, to Zechariah, in a vision. Guilt and corruption are great discouragements when we stand before God. By the guilt of the sins committed by us, we are liable to the justice of God; by the power of sin that dwells in us, we are hateful to the holiness of God. Even God's Israel are in danger on these accounts; but they have relief from Jesus Christ, who is made of God to us both righteousness and sanctification. Joshua, the high priest, is accused as a criminal, but is justified. When we stand before God, to minister to him, or stand up for God, we must expect to meet all the resistance Satan's subtlety and malice can give. Satan is checked by one that has conquered him, and many times silenced him. Those who belong to Christ, will find him ready to appear for them, when Satan appears most strongly against them. A converted soul is a brand plucked out of the fire by a miracle of free grace, therefore shall not be left a prey to Satan. Joshua appears as one polluted, but is purified; he represents the Israel of God, who are all as an unclean thing, till they are washed and sanctified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Israel now were free from idolatry, but there were many things amiss in them. There were spiritual enemies warring against them, more dangerous than any neighbouring nations. Christ loathed the filthiness of Joshua's garments, yet did not put him away. Thus God by his grace does with those whom he chooses to be priests to himself. The guilt of sin is taken away by pardoning mercy, and the power of it is broken by renewing grace. Thus Christ washes those from their sins in his own blood, whom he makes kings and priests to our God. Those whom Christ makes spiritual priests, are clothed with the spotless robe of his righteousness, and appear before God in that; and with the graces of his Spirit, which are ornaments to them. The righteousness of saints, both imputed and implanted, is the fine linen, clean and white, with which the bride, the Lamb's wife, is arrayed, Re 19:8. Joshua is restored to former honours and trusts. The crown of the priesthood is put on him. When the Lord designs to restore and revive religion, he stirs up prophets and people to pray for it.
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OT Prophets: Zechariah 3:1 He showed me Joshua the high priest (Zech. Zec Zc) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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