Zechariah 3:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him.

King James Bible
And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

Darby Bible Translation
And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of Jehovah, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

World English Bible
He showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of Yahweh, and Satan standing at his right hand to be his adversary.

Young's Literal Translation
And he sheweth me Joshua the high priest standing before the messenger of Jehovah, and the Adversary standing at his right hand, to be an adversary to him.

Zechariah 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And he showed me Joshua the high priest - The Angel of the Lord is the Messiah, as we have seen before; Joshua, the high priest, may here represent the whole Jewish people; and Satan, the grand accuser of the brethren. What the subject of dispute was, we perhaps learn from Jde 1:9. Michael and Satan disputed about the body of Moses. This could not refer to the natural body of the Jewish lawgiver, which had been dead about owe thousand years; it must therefore refer to that body of laws given to the Jews by Moses, for the breach of which Satan, who was their tempter to disobedience, now comes forward as their accuser; that, exciting the justice of God against them, they may be all brought to perdition. There is a paronomasia here: -

Satan standing at his right hand to resist him - שטן Satan signifies an adversary. לשטנו lesiteno, to be his adversary, or accuser.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he.

Zechariah 1:9,13,19 Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said to me, I will show you what these be...

Zechariah 2:3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

Joshua.

Zechariah 2:8 For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory has he sent me to the nations which spoiled you...

Zechariah 6:11 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them on the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest;

Ezra 5:2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem...

Haggai 1:1,12 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month...

Haggai 2:4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, said the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest...

standing.

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD...

Deuteronomy 18:15 The LORD your God will raise up to you a Prophet from the middle of you, of your brothers, like to me; to him you shall listen;

1 Samuel 6:20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?

2 Chronicles 29:11 My sons, be not now negligent: for the LORD has chosen you to stand before him, to serve him, and that you should minister to him...

Psalm 106:23 Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath...

Jeremiah 15:19 Therefore thus said the LORD, If you return, then will I bring you again, and you shall stand before me...

Ezekiel 44:11,15 Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house...

Luke 21:36 Watch you therefore, and pray always, that you may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass...

the angel.

Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them...

Exodus 3:2-6 And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the middle of a bush: and he looked, and, behold...

Exodus 23:20,21 Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared...

Hosea 12:4,5 Yes, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication to him: he found him in Bethel...

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom you seek...

Acts 7:30-38 And when forty years were expired...

Satan. that is, an adversary.

Job 1:6-12 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them...

Job 2:1-8 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD...

Psalm 109:6 Set you a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

.

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour:

Revelation 12:9,10 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

resist him. Heb. be his adversary.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head...

Library
June 24. "I Will Clothe Thee with Change of Raiment" (Zech. Iii. 4).
"I will clothe thee with change of raiment" (Zech. iii. 4). For Paul every exercise of the Christian life was simply the grace of Jesus Christ imparted to him and lived out by him, so that holiness was to put on the Lord Jesus and all the robes of His perfect righteousness which he loves to describe so often in his beautiful epistles. "Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved," he says to the Colossians, "bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long suffering"; and,
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Change of Raiment
"Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment. And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments."--Zech. iii. 4, 5. G. Ter Steegen. tr., Emma Frances Bevan, 1899 Lord Jesus, all my sin and guilt Love laid of old on Thee, Thy love the cross and sorrow willed, Love undeserved by me. The victory over death and hell Thou, Lord, for me didst win; And Thou hast nailed upon
Frances Bevan—Hymns of Ter Steegen and Others (Second Series)

Concerning Worship.
Concerning Worship. [780] All true and acceptable worship to God is offered in the inward and immediate moving and drawing of his own Spirit which is neither limited to places times, nor persons. For though we are to worship him always, and continually to fear before him; [781] yet as to the outward signification thereof, in prayers, praises, or preachings, we ought not to do it in our own will, where and when we will; but where and when we are moved thereunto by the stirring and secret inspiration
Robert Barclay—Theses Theologicae and An Apology for the True Christian Divinity

Blessed are the Poor in Spirit
Having spoken of the general notion of blessedness, I come next to consider the subjects of this blessedness, and these our Saviour has deciphered to be the poor in spirit, the mourners, etc. But before I touch upon these, I shall attempt a little preface or paraphrase upon this sermon of the beatitudes. 1 Observe the divinity in this sermon, which goes beyond all philosophy. The philosophers use to say that one contrary expels another; but here one contrary begets another. Poverty is wont to expel
Thomas Watson—The Beatitudes: An Exposition of Matthew 5:1-12

Cross References
Revelation 12:10
Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: "Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Messiah. For the accuser of our brothers and sisters, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down.

1 Chronicles 21:1
Satan rose up against Israel and incited David to take a census of Israel.

Ezra 5:2
Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and Joshua son of Jozadak set to work to rebuild the house of God in Jerusalem. And the prophets of God were with them, supporting them.

Ezra 10:18
Among the descendants of the priests, the following had married foreign women: From the descendants of Joshua son of Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib and Gedaliah.

Job 1:6
One day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them.

Psalm 109:6
Appoint someone evil to oppose my enemy; let an accuser stand at his right hand.

Ezekiel 44:15
"'But the Levitical priests, who are descendants of Zadok and who guarded my sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from me, are to come near to minister before me; they are to stand before me to offer sacrifices of fat and blood, declares the Sovereign LORD.

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