Deuteronomy 23:19
New International Version
Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest.

New Living Translation
“Do not charge interest on the loans you make to a fellow Israelite, whether you loan money, or food, or anything else.

English Standard Version
“You shall not charge interest on loans to your brother, interest on money, interest on food, interest on anything that is lent for interest.

Berean Study Bible
Do not charge your brother interest on money, food, or any other type of loan.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

New King James Version
“You shall not charge interest to your brother—interest on money or food or anything that is lent out at interest.

New American Standard Bible
“You are not to charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned on interest.

NASB 1995
"You shall not charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned at interest.

NASB 1977
“You shall not charge interest to your countrymen: interest on money, food, or anything that may be loaned at interest.

Amplified Bible
“You shall not charge interest to your fellow Israelite—interest on money, food or anything that may be loaned for interest.

Christian Standard Bible
“Do not charge your brother interest on silver, food, or anything that can earn interest.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not charge your brother interest on money, food, or anything that can earn interest.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not lend upon interest to thy brother; interest of money, interest of victuals, interest of anything that is lent upon interest:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not lend to thy brother on usury of silver, or usury of meat, or usury of any thing which thou mayest lend out.

Contemporary English Version
When you lend money, food, or anything else to another Israelite, you are not allowed to charge interest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not lend to thy brother money to usury, nor corn, nor any other thing:

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

Good News Translation
"When you lend money or food or anything else to Israelites, do not charge them interest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never charge another Israelite any interest on money, food, or anything else that is borrowed.

International Standard Version
"Don't charge interest to your relatives, whether for money, food, or for anything that has been loaned at interest.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not lend upon interest to thy brother: interest of money, interest of victuals, interest of any thing that is lent upon interest.

Literal Standard Version
You do not lend in usury to your brother—usury of money, usury of food, usury of anything which is lent on usury.

NET Bible
You must not charge interest on a loan to your fellow Israelite, whether on money, food, or anything else that has been loaned with interest.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest:

World English Bible
You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest:

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not lend in usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of food, usury of anything which is lent on usury.

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
Miscellaneous Laws
18You must not bring the wages of a prostitute, whether female or male, into the house of the LORD your God to fulfill any vow, because both are detestable to the LORD your God. 19Do not charge your brother interest on money, food, or any other type of loan. 20You may charge a foreigner interest, but not your brother, so that the LORD your God may bless you in everything to which you put your hand in the land that you are entering to possess.…

Cross References
Exodus 22:25
If you lend money to one of My people among you who is poor, you must not act as a creditor to him; you are not to charge him interest.

Leviticus 25:35
Now if your countryman becomes destitute and cannot support himself among you, then you are to help him as you would a foreigner or stranger, so that he can continue to live among you.

Leviticus 25:36
Do not take any interest or profit from him, but fear your God, that your countryman may live among you.

Nehemiah 5:2
Some were saying, "We and our sons and daughters are numerous. We must get grain in order to eat and stay alive."

Nehemiah 5:7
and after serious thought I rebuked the nobles and officials, saying, "You are exacting usury from your own brothers!" So I called a large assembly against them

Psalm 15:5
who lends his money without interest and refuses a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things will never be shaken.

Isaiah 24:2
people and priest alike, servant and master, maid and mistress, buyer and seller, lender and borrower, creditor and debtor.

Jeremiah 15:10
Woe to me, my mother, that you have borne me, a man of strife and conflict in all the land. I have neither lent nor borrowed, yet everyone curses me.

Ezekiel 18:8
He does not engage in usury or take excess interest, but he withholds his hand from iniquity and executes true justice between men.

Ezekiel 22:12
In you they take bribes to shed blood. You engage in usury, take excess interest, and extort your neighbors. But Me you have forgotten, declares the Lord GOD.


Treasury of Scripture

You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury:

Exodus 22:25
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

Leviticus 25:35-37
And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee…

Nehemiah 5:1-7
And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews…









(19, 20) Usury.--See Exodus 22:25; Leviticus 25:35-36. Some recent writers on this law have thought that it forbids the putting out of money to interest. But it is noticeable that in both the previous passages referred to (in Exod. and Lev.) the loan is supposed to be made to a "poor man" in "real distress." Usury in such cases means oppression; and so it is proved to be by the examples given in Nehemiah 5:2-5; Nehemiah 5:10-12. The connection between this exaction and modern investments is not obvious, except in a very few cases. The Mosaic law against usury does not belong to commerce with other nations; it is part of the poor law of the land of Israel.

Verses 19-25. - Certain civil rights and duties are here prescribed. Verses 19, 20. - An Israelite might lend on interest money, or victuals, or other property, to a foreigner, but of one of his own people he was not to take interest for a loan (cf. Exodus 22:24; Leviticus 25:36, 37).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
Do not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

charge
תַשִּׁ֣יךְ (ṯaš·šîḵ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5391: To strike with a, sting, to oppress with usury

your brother
לְאָחִ֔יךָ (lə·’ā·ḥî·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

interest
נֶ֥שֶׁךְ (ne·šeḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5392: Interest on a, debt

on money,
כֶּ֖סֶף (ke·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3701: Silver, money

food,
אֹ֑כֶל (’ō·ḵel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 400: Food

or any
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

other
דָּבָ֖ר (dā·ḇār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

type of loan.
יִשָּֽׁךְ׃ (yiš·šāḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5391: To strike with a, sting, to oppress with usury


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 23:19 You shall not lend on interest (Deut. De Du)
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