Deuteronomy 23:1
New International Version
No one who has been emasculated by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the LORD.

New Living Translation
"If a man's testicles are crushed or his penis is cut off, he may not be admitted to the assembly of the LORD.

English Standard Version
“No one whose testicles are crushed or whose male organ is cut off shall enter the assembly of the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
No man with crushed or severed genitals may enter the assembly of the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
"No one who is emasculated or has his male organ cut off shall enter the assembly of the LORD.

King James Bible
He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
"No man whose testicles have been crushed or whose penis has been cut off may enter the LORD's assembly.

Contemporary English Version
If a man's private parts have been crushed or cut off, he cannot fully belong to the LORD's people.

Good News Translation
"No man who has been castrated or whose penis has been cut off may be included among the LORD's people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
No man whose testicles have been crushed or whose penis has been cut off may enter the LORD's assembly.

International Standard Version
"No man whose testicles have been crushed or whose penis has been cut off may participate in the assembly of the LORD.

NET Bible
A man with crushed or severed genitals may not enter the assembly of the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
No one whose testicles are crushed or whose male organ is cut off may enter the assembly of the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A man whose testicles are crushed or whose penis is cut off may never join the assembly of the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He that is crushed or maimed in his privy parts shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
“No one who is emasculated, or has his male organ cut off, shall enter the assembly of the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He that is wounded in the stones or is castrated shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
He that is a eunuch by crushing or mutilation shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

American King James Version
He that is wounded in the stones, or has his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

American Standard Version
He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the assembly of Jehovah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He that is fractured or mutilated in his private parts shall not enter into the assembly of the Lord.

Douay-Rheims Bible
An eunuch, whose testicles are broken or cut away, or yard cut off, shall not enter into the church of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
He that is a eunuch, whether he have been crushed or cut, shall not come into the congregation of Jehovah.

English Revised Version
He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the assembly of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that is wounded or mutilated in his secrets, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

World English Bible
He who is wounded in the stones, or has his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the assembly of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
'One wounded, bruised, or cut in the member doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah;
Study Bible
Exclusion from the Congregation
1No man with crushed or severed genitals may enter the assembly of the LORD. 2No one of illegitimate birth may enter the assembly of the LORD, nor may any of his descendants, even to the tenth generation.…
Cross References
Galatians 5:12
As for those who are agitating you, I wish they would proceed to emasculate themselves!

Leviticus 21:20
or who is a hunchback or dwarf, or who has an eye defect, a festering rash, scabs, or a crushed testicle.

Leviticus 22:24
You are not to present to the LORD an animal whose testicles are bruised, crushed, torn, or cut; you are not to sacrifice them in your land.

Deuteronomy 23:2
No one of illegitimate birth may enter the assembly of the LORD, nor may any of his descendants, even to the tenth generation.

Isaiah 56:3
Let no foreigner who has joined himself to the LORD say, "The LORD will utterly exclude me from His people." And let the eunuch not say, "I am but a dry tree."

Treasury of Scripture

He that is wounded in the stones, or has his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.

wounded

Leviticus 21:17-21
Speak unto Aaron, saying, Whosoever he be of thy seed in their generations that hath any blemish, let him not approach to offer the bread of his God…

Leviticus 22:22-24
Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed, ye shall not offer these unto the LORD, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the LORD…

Galatians 3:28
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

Deuteronomy 23:2,3,8
A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD…

Nehemiah 13:1-3
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever; …

Isaiah 56:3,4
Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree…







Lexicon
No man
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

with crushed
פְצֽוּעַ־ (p̄ə·ṣū·a‘-)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6481: To bruise, wound by bruising

or severed
וּכְר֥וּת (ū·ḵə·rūṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

genitals
שָׁפְכָ֖ה (šā·p̄ə·ḵāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8212: A pipe, the penis

may enter
יָבֹ֧א (yā·ḇō)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

the assembly
בִּקְהַ֥ל (biq·hal)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6951: Assembly, convocation, congregation

of the LORD.
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(1) The rule that a eunuch should not enter into the congregation was doubtless intended to prevent the Israelitish rulers from making eunuchs of their brethren the children of Israel. As a set off to this apparent harshness towards the man who had been thus treated, we must read Isaiah 56:3-4, in which a special promise is given to the eunuchs that keep God's Sabbaths and take hold of His covenant. God will give to them within His house and within His walls "a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters--an everlasting name that shall not be cut off." As a special calamity it was foretold to Hezekiah that some of his descendants should be eunuchs in the palace of the King of Babylon. But Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, in whom this prophecy was fulfilled, have ennobled the "children that are of their sort" for evermore.

We have no means of knowing whether the eunuchs that were in the service of the kings of Israel or Judah (1Samuel 8:15; 1Kings 22:9; 2Kings 8:6; 2Kings 9:32, &c.) were Israelites by birth or not. Ebedmelech, the Ethiopian, who received a special blessing from Jeremiah (Jeremiah 39:15-18), was a foreigner, and so very possibly were most, if not all, of his kind in Israel.

As to the second clause of this verse, it must be remembered that circumcision was the sign of the covenant of Jehovah; mutilation a form of heathen self-devotion. (See Gal. 5, 12, Revised New Testament, Margin, and Bishop Lightfoot's comment on that place.) St. Paul's words in Galatians receive a double meaning from this law. By doing what he refers to, they would cut themselves off from the congregation of the Lord. Rashi also gives another meaning, which would connect the precept with Leviticus 15:2.

Verse 1. - Mutilation was performed by the two methods here specified - crushing and excision. The exclusion of persons who had suffered this from the congregation, i.e. from the covenant fellowship of Israel, the πολιτεία τοῦ Ισραὴλ (Ephesians 2:12), was due to the priestly character of the nation. Israel was a kingdom of priests (Exodus 19:6), and the admission into it of one in whom the nature of man, as made by God, had been degraded and marred, would have been unfitting; just as all bodily blemish unfitted a man for being a priest, though otherwise qualified (Leviticus 21:16-24). This law, however, was one of the ordinances intended for the period of nonage; it had reference to the outward typical aspect of the Israelitish constitution; and it ceased to have any significance when the spiritual kingdom of God came to be established. Even under the theocracy, eunuchs were not excluded from religious privileges; they could keep God's Sabbaths, and take hold of his covenant, and choose the things pleasing to him, and so be part of the spiritual Israel, though shut out from the fellowship of that which was outward and national (cf. Isaiah 56:4). 23:1-8 We ought to value the privileges of God's people, both for ourselves and for our children, above all other advantages. No personal blemishes, no crimes of our forefathers, no difference of nation, shuts us out under the Christian dispensation. But an unsound heart will deprive us of blessings; and a bad example, or an unsuitable marriage, may shut our children from them.
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