Genesis 4:21
New International Version
His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes.

New Living Translation
His brother’s name was Jubal, the first of all who play the harp and flute.

English Standard Version
His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.

Berean Study Bible
And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute.

King James Bible
And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

New King James Version
His brother’s name was Jubal. He was the father of all those who play the harp and flute.

New American Standard Bible
His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and flute.

NASB 1995
His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.

NASB 1977
And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.

Amplified Bible
His brother’s name was Jubal; he became the father of all those [musicians] who play the lyre and flute.

Christian Standard Bible
His brother was named Jubal; he was the first of all who play the lyre and the flute.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
His brother was named Jubal; he was the father of all who play the lyre and the flute.

American Standard Version
And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and pipe.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the name of his brother was Yubal; he was the father to all who hold the psaltery and harp.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the name of his brother was Jubal; he it was who invented the psaltery and harp.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of them that play upon the harp and the organs.

English Revised Version
And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and pipe.

Good News Translation
His brother was Jubal, the ancestor of all musicians who play the harp and the flute.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
His brother's name was Jubal. He was the first person to play the harp and the flute.

International Standard Version
His brother was named Jubal; he became the ancestor of all those who play the lyre and the flute.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all such as handle the harp and pipe.

Literal Standard Version
and the name of his brother [is] Jubal, he has been father of everyone handling harp and pipe.

NET Bible
The name of his brother was Jubal; he was the first of all who play the harp and the flute.

New Heart English Bible
His brother's name was Jubal, who was the father of all who play the harp and flute.

World English Bible
His brother's name was Jubal, who was the father of all who handle the harp and pipe.

Young's Literal Translation
and the name of his brother is Jubal, he hath been father of every one handling harp and organ.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Descendants of Cain
20Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and raise livestock. 21And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute. 22And Zillah gave birth to Tubal-cain, a forger of every implement of bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.…

Cross References
Genesis 4:20
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and raise livestock.

Genesis 4:22
And Zillah gave birth to Tubal-cain, a forger of every implement of bronze and iron. And the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

Genesis 31:27
Why did you run away secretly and deceive me, without even telling me? I would have sent you away with joy and singing, with tambourines and harps.

Psalm 150:4
Praise Him with tambourine and dancing; praise Him with strings and flute.


Treasury of Scripture

And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

A.

Romans 4:11,12
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: …

the harp.

Genesis 31:27
Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?

Job 21:12
They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.

Isaiah 5:12
And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.









Verse 21. - And his brother's name was Jubal. Player on an instrument, the musician. Cf. jobel, an onomatopoetic word signifying jubilum, a joyful sound. Cf. Greek, ὀλολύζειν ἀλαλάζειν; Latin, ululare; Swedish, iolen; Dutch, ioelen; German, juchen (Geseuius). He was the father of all such as handle the harp. The kinnor, a stringed instrument, played on by the plectrum according to Josephus ('Ant.,' 7, 12, 3), but in David's time by the hand (1 Samuel 16:23; 1 Samuel 18:10; 1 Samuel 19:9), corresponding to the modern lyre. Cf. κινύρα κιννύρα, cithara; German, knarren; so named either from its tremulous, stridulous sound (Gesenius), or from its bent, arched form (Furst). And the organ. 'Ugabh, from a root signifying to breathe or blow (Gesenius), or to make a lovely sound (Furst); hence generally a wind instrument - tibia, ftstula, syrinx; the shepherd's reed or bagpipe (Keil); the pipe or flute (Onkelos); the organon, i.e. an instrument composed of many pipes (Jerome). Kalisch discovers a fitness in the invention of musical instruments by the brother of a nomadic herdsman, as it is "in the happy leisure of this occupation that music is generally first exercised and appreciated." Murphy sees an indication of the easy circumstances of the line of Cain; Candlish, "an instance of the high cultivation which a people may often possess who are altogether irreligious and ungodly;" Bonar, a token of their deepening depravity - "it is to shut God out that these Cainites devise the harp and the organ."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And his brother’s
אָחִ֖יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 251: A brother, )

name
וְשֵׁ֥ם (wə·šêm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8034: A name

[was] Jubal;
יוּבָ֑ל (yū·ḇāl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3106: Jubal -- a son of Lamech

he
ה֣וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was
הָיָ֔ה (hā·yāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the father
אֲבִ֕י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

of all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who play
תֹּפֵ֥שׂ (tō·p̄êś)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8610: To manipulate, seize, chiefly to capture, wield, to overlay, to use unwarrantably

the harp
כִּנּ֖וֹר (kin·nō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3658: A harp

and flute.
וְעוּגָֽב׃ (wə·‘ū·ḡāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5748: (a reed musical instrument) perhaps a flute


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OT Law: Genesis 4:21 His brother's name was Jubal who was (Gen. Ge Gn)
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