1 Samuel 19:9
New International Version
But an evil spirit from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. While David was playing the lyre,

New Living Translation
But one day when Saul was sitting at home, with spear in hand, the tormenting spirit from the LORD suddenly came upon him again. As David played his harp,

English Standard Version
Then a harmful spirit from the LORD came upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing the lyre.

Berean Study Bible
But as Saul was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, a spirit of distress from the LORD came upon him. While David was playing the harp,

New American Standard Bible
Now there was an evil spirit from the LORD on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand.

King James Bible
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

Christian Standard Bible
Now an evil spirit sent from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his palace holding a spear. David was playing the lyre,

Good News Translation
One day an evil spirit from the LORD took control of Saul. He was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was there, playing his harp.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now an evil spirit sent from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his palace holding a spear. David was playing the lyre,

International Standard Version
The evil spirit from the LORD attacked Saul while he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand and David was playing the lyre.

NET Bible
Then an evil spirit from the LORD came upon Saul. He was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, while David was playing the lyre.

New Heart English Bible
An evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then an evil spirit from the LORD came over Saul while he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. David was strumming a tune.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And an evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

New American Standard 1977
Now there was an evil spirit from the LORD on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand, and David played with his hand.

King James 2000 Bible
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

American King James Version
And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

American Standard Version
And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And an evil spirit from God was upon Saul, and he was resting in his house, and a spear was in his hand, and David was playing on the harp with his hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the evil spirit from the Lord came upon Saul, and he sat in his house, and held a spear in his hand: and David played with his hand.

Darby Bible Translation
And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul. And he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand.

English Revised Version
And an evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

World English Bible
An evil spirit from Yahweh was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing with his hand.

Young's Literal Translation
And a spirit of sadness from Jehovah is unto Saul, and he is sitting in his house, and his javelin in his hand, and David is playing with the hand,
Study Bible
Saul Attempts to Kill David
8When war broke out again, David went out and fought the Philistines and struck them with such a mighty blow that they fled before him. 9But as Saul was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, a spirit of distress from the LORD came upon him. While David was playing the harp, 10Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear. But the spear struck the wall and David eluded him, ran away, and escaped that night.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 16:14
After the Spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, a spirit of distress from the LORD began to torment him.

1 Samuel 16:16
Let our lord command your servants here to seek out someone who can skillfully play the harp. Whenever the spirit of distress from God is upon you, he is to play it, and you will be well."

1 Samuel 18:10
The next day a spirit of distress sent from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied inside the house while David played the harp as usual. Now Saul was holding a spear,

1 Samuel 18:11
and he hurled it, thinking, "I will pin David to the wall." But David eluded him twice.

1 Samuel 19:8
When war broke out again, David went out and fought the Philistines and struck them with such a mighty blow that they fled before him.

1 Kings 22:22
And he replied, 'I will go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' 'You will surely entice him and prevail,' said the LORD. 'Go and do it.'

Treasury of Scripture

And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

1 Samuel 16:14
But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.

1 Samuel 18:10,11
And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand…







Lexicon
But as Saul
וְהוּא֙ (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was sitting
יוֹשֵׁ֔ב (yō·wō·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in his house
בְּבֵית֣וֹ (bə·ḇê·ṯōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

with his spear
וַחֲנִית֖וֹ (wa·ḥă·nî·ṯōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2595: A lance

in his hand,
בְּיָד֑וֹ (bə·yā·ḏōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

a spirit
ר֨וּחַ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

of distress
רָעָה֙ (rā·‘āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

from the LORD
יְהוָ֤ה ׀ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

came
וַתְּהִי֩ (wat·tə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

upon
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

him.
שָׁא֔וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

While David
וְדָוִ֖ד (wə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

was playing the harp,
מְנַגֵּ֥ן (mə·nag·gên)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5059: To touch or play a stringed instrument
(9) And the evil spirit . . . was upon Saul.--Again the terrible malady was upon the king--not unlikely brought on by the wild storm of jealous fury which Saul allowed to sweep unchecked across his soul. Once more--

"Out of the black mid-tent's silence, a space of three days,

Not a sound hath escaped to thy servants of prayer nor of

praise,

To betoken that Saul and the spirit have ended their strife,

And that, faint in his triumph, the monarch sinks back

upon life."

BROWNING: Saul.

But the time when the skilled musician with his Divine strains had roused him into life again was passed (see 1Samuel 16:21-23), not now as in old days, when, to use the words the great poet put into David's mouth--

"--I looked up to know

If the best I could do had brought solace: he spoke not, but

slow

Lifted up the hand slack at his side, till he laid it with care,

Soft and grave, but in mild settled will, on my brow; through

my hair

The large fingers were pushed, and he bent back my head.

with kind power--

All my face back, intent to peruse it as men do a flower.

Thus held he me there, with his great eye that scrutinized

mine,

And oh, all my heart how it loved him! . . ."

BROWNING: Saul.

This time, seizing the tall spear which was ever by his side, he hurled it with deadly intent at the sorrow-stricken, loving face, and David fled in hot haste from the doomed presence for ever. The LXX. was offended at the statement "evil spirit of (or from) Jehovah," and cuts the knot by leaving out "Jehovah." It is, no doubt, a hard saying, and no human expositor has ever yet been able fully to explain it.

To the expression Ruach Jehovah, "Spirit of Jehovah" (for "of" is more accurate than "from"), and the equivalent phrase, Ruach Elohim, "Spirit of God" (1Samuel 16:14-15), the epithet "evil" is added. We cannot attempt to fathom the mysteries of the spirit world--we have absolutely no data--we simply possess in the sacred book a few scattered notices, which indicate the existence of evil spirits. To suppose that these malignant or evil beings were part of the heavenly host employed by the Eternal is a supposition utterly at variance with our conception of the All-Father. We may, however, safely grant (1) the existence of evil spirits--probably beings fallen through sin and disobedience from their high estate; and (2) we may suppose that these evil spirits--all, of course, belonging to the Eternal, even in their deep degradation (so though "evil," still "spirits of God, or Jehovah,")--receive occasional permission, for some wise--though to us unknown--reasons, to tempt and plague for a season the souls of certain men.

The introduction to the Book of Job (Job 1:6; Job 2:1-7), and the circumstance which led to the death of King Ahab before Ramoth Gilead (1Kings 22:19-22), at least favour this hypothesis. The presence of those evil spirits, or "devils, who possessed those unhappy ones whom we meet so often in the Gospel story, points to the same conclusion. Why certain souls should have been exposed to this dread experience is, of course, beyond our ken. From the scanty information vouchsafed to us, it seems, however, that the power of the evil spirit was sometimes permitted to be exercised (a) as a trial of faith, as in the case of Job; or (b) as a punishment incurred by the soul's desertion of God, as in the case of Saul.

19:1-10 How forcible are right words! Saul was, for a time, convinced of the unreasonableness of his enmity to David; but he continued his malice against David. So incurable is the hatred of the seed of the serpent against that of the woman; so deceitful and desperately wicked is the heart of man without the grace of God, Jer 17:9.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 19:9 An evil spirit from Yahweh was (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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