Genesis 4:18
New International Version
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

New Living Translation
Enoch had a son named Irad. Irad became the father of Mehujael. Mehujael became the father of Methushael. Methushael became the father of Lamech.

English Standard Version
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

Berean Study Bible
Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methusael, and Methusael was the father of Lamech.

King James Bible
And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

New King James Version
To Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methushael, and Methushael begot Lamech.

New American Standard Bible
Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

NASB 1995
Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael became the father of Methushael, and Methushael became the father of Lamech.

NASB 1977
Now to Enoch was born Irad; and Irad became the father of Mehujael; and Mehujael became the father of Methushael; and Methushael became the father of Lamech.

Amplified Bible
Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael became the father of Methushael, and Methushael became the father of Lamech.

Christian Standard Bible
Irad was born to Enoch, Irad fathered Mehujael, Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Irad was born to Enoch, Irad fathered Mehujael, Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

American Standard Version
And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methushael; and Methushael begat Lamech.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Aydar was born to Khenok, and Aydar begot Mekhuyl, and Mekhuyl begot Methushyl, and Methushyl begot Lamek.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And to Enoch was born Gaidad; and Gaidad begot Maleleel; and Maleleel begot Mathusala; and Mathusala begot Lamech.

Contemporary English Version
Then Enoch had a son named Irad, who had a son named Mehujael, who had a son named Methushael, who had a son named Lamech.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Henoch begot Irad, and Irad begot Maviael, and Maviael begot Mathusael, and Mathusael begot Lamech:

English Revised Version
And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methushael: and Methushael begat Lamech.

Good News Translation
Enoch had a son named Irad, who was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael had a son named Methushael, who was the father of Lamech.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
To Enoch was born Irad. Irad was the father of Mehujael. Mehujael was the father of Methushael. And Methushael was the father of Lamech.

International Standard Version
Irad was born to Enoch. Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And unto Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael; and Mehujael begot Methushael; and Methushael begot Lamech.

Literal Standard Version
And born to Enoch is Irad; and Irad has begotten Mehujael; and Mehujael has begotten Methusael; and Methusael has begotten Lamech.

NET Bible
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael. Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

New Heart English Bible
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became the father of Mehijael, and Mehijael became the father of Methushael, and Methushael became the father of Lamech.

World English Bible
To Enoch was born Irad. Irad became the father of Mehujael. Mehujael became the father of Methushael. Methushael became the father of Lamech.

Young's Literal Translation
And born to Enoch is Irad; and Irad hath begotten Mehujael; and Mehujael hath begotten Methusael; and Methusael hath begotten Lamech.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Descendants of Cain
17And Cain had relations with his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. Then Cain built a city and named it after his son Enoch. 18Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methusael, and Methusael was the father of Lamech. 19And Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.…

Cross References
Genesis 4:17
And Cain had relations with his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. Then Cain built a city and named it after his son Enoch.

Genesis 4:19
And Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.


Treasury of Scripture

And to Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

A.

Genesis 5:21
And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:

Genesis 36:2
Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;









(18) Unto Enoch was born Irad.--Cain was building a city, 'Ir, and it was this probably which suggested the name 'Irad. It has little in common with Jared, as it begins with a harsh guttural, usually omitted in English because unpronounceable, but which appears as g in Gomorrah. Possibly 'Irad means citizen; but these names have been so corrupted by transcribers that we cannot feel sure of them. Thus, here the LXX. calls 'Irad Ga?dad, and the Syriac 'Idor. In the list that follows, the names Mehujael (Samaritan Michel, Syriac Mahvoyel), Methusael, Enoch, and Lamech (Heb., Lemech), have a certain degree of similitude with those in the line of the Sethites, whence many commentators have assumed that the two lists are variations of the same original record. But it is usually a similarity of sound only with a diversity of meaning. Thus Mehujael, smitten of God, answers to Mahalaleel, glory to God; Methusael, God's hero, to Methuselah, the armed warrior. Even when the names are the same, their history is often most diverse. Thus in the Cainite line Enoch is initiation into city life, in the Sethite into a life of holiness; and the Cainite polygamist Lemech, rejoicing in the weapons invented by his son, is the very opposite of the Sethite Lemech, who calls his son Noah, quiet, rest

Verse 18. - Years passed away, the family of Cain grew to manhood, and, in imitation of their parents, founded homes for themselves. And unto Enoch (whose wife probably would also be his sister, few caring at this early stage to intermarry with the accursed race) was born Irad. Townsman, citizen, urbanus civilis (Keil, Lange); fleet as a wild ass (Murphy); ornament of a city, from Ir, a city (Wordsworth). And Irad begat Mehujael. Smitten of God (Keil, Gesenius, Murphy), the purified or formed of God (Lange). And Mehujael begat Methusael. Man of God (Gesenius, Lange), man asked or man of El (Murphy), man of prayer (Keil). And Methusael begat Lamech. Strong youth (Gesenius, Lange); man of prayer, youth (Murphy); king, by metathesis for melech (Wordsworth). The resemblance between these names and those in the line of Seth has been accounted for by supposing a commingling of the two genealogies, or one common primitive legend in two forms (Ewald, Knobel). But -

1. The similarity of the names does not necessarily imply the identity of the persons. Cf. Korah in the families of Levi (Exodus 6:21) and Esau (Genesis 36:5); Hanoch in those of Reuben (eh. 46:9) and Midian (Genesis 25:4); Kenaz in those of Esau (Genesis 36:11) and Judah (Numbers 32:12).

2. The similarity of the names only proves that the two collateral branches of the same family did not keep entirely apart.

3. The paucity of names at that early period may have led to their repetition. . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now to Enoch
לַֽחֲנוֹךְ֙ (la·ḥă·nō·wḵ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2585: Enoch -- four Israelites, sons of Cain, Jered, Midian and Reuben

was born
וַיִּוָּלֵ֤ד (way·yiw·wā·lêḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Irad,
עִירָ֔ד (‘î·rāḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5897: Irad -- descendant of Cain

and Irad
וְעִירָ֕ד (wə·‘î·rāḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5897: Irad -- descendant of Cain

was the father of
יָלַ֖ד (yā·laḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Mehujael,
מְחֽוּיָאֵ֑ל (mə·ḥū·yā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4232: Mehujael -- 'smitten of God', great-grandson of Cain

and Mehujael
וּמְחִיּיָאֵ֗ל (ū·mə·ḥî·y·yā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4232: Mehujael -- 'smitten of God', great-grandson of Cain

was the father of
יָלַד֙ (yā·laḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Methusael,
מְת֣וּשָׁאֵ֔ל (mə·ṯū·šā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4967: Methushael -- 'man of God', a descendant of Cain

and Methusael
וּמְתוּשָׁאֵ֖ל (ū·mə·ṯū·šā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4967: Methushael -- 'man of God', a descendant of Cain

was the father of
יָלַ֥ד (yā·laḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Lamech.
לָֽמֶךְ׃ (lā·meḵ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3929: Lamech -- a descendant of Cain, also a descendant of Seth


Jump to Previous
Begat Begot Begotten Born Enoch Lamech
Jump to Next
Begat Begot Begotten Born Enoch Lamech
Links
Genesis 4:18 NIV
Genesis 4:18 NLT
Genesis 4:18 ESV
Genesis 4:18 NASB
Genesis 4:18 KJV

Genesis 4:18 BibleApps.com
Genesis 4:18 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 4:18 Chinese Bible
Genesis 4:18 French Bible
Genesis 4:18 Clyx Quotations

OT Law: Genesis 4:18 To Enoch was born Irad (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 4:17
Top of Page
Top of Page