Matthew 19:4
New International Version
"Haven't you read," he replied, "that at the beginning the Creator 'made them male and female,'

New Living Translation
"Haven't you read the Scriptures?" Jesus replied. "They record that from the beginning 'God made them male and female.'

English Standard Version
He answered, “Have you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female,

Berean Study Bible
Jesus answered, “Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator ‘made them male and female’

Berean Literal Bible
And answering He said, "Have you not read that the One having created from the beginning 'made them male and female,'

New American Standard Bible
And He answered and said, "Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE,

King James Bible
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Christian Standard Bible
"Haven't you read," he replied, "that he who created them in the beginning made them male and female,"

Contemporary English Version
Jesus answered, "Don't you know in the beginning the Creator made a man and a woman?

Good News Translation
Jesus answered, "Haven't you read the scripture that says that in the beginning the Creator made people male and female?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Haven't you read," He replied, "that He who created them in the beginning made them male and female,"

International Standard Version
He answered them, "Haven't you read that the one who made them at the beginning 'made them male and female'

NET Bible
He answered, "Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator made them male and female,

New Heart English Bible
He answered, and said, "Have you not read that he who created them from the beginning made them male and female,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he answered and said to them, “Have you not read that he who made from the beginning, made them male and female?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus answered, "Haven't you read that the Creator made them male and female in the beginning

New American Standard 1977
And He answered and said, “Have you not read, that He who created them from the beginning MADE THEM MALE AND FEMALE,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he who made them at the beginning made them male and female?

King James 2000 Bible
And he answered and said unto them, Have you not read, that he who made them at the beginning made them male and female,

American King James Version
And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

American Standard Version
And he answered and said, Have ye not read, that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who answering, said to them: Have ye not read, that he who made man from the beginning, Made them male and female? And he said:

Darby Bible Translation
But he answering said [to them], Have ye not read that he who made [them], from the beginning made them male and female,

English Revised Version
And he answered and said, Have ye not read, that he which made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Webster's Bible Translation
And he answered and said to them, Have ye not read, that he who made them, at the beginning made them male and female,

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you not read," He replied, "that He who made them 'made them' from the beginning 'male and female,

World English Bible
He answered, "Haven't you read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female,

Young's Literal Translation
And he answering said to them, 'Did ye not read, that He who made them, from the beginning a male and a female made them,
Study Bible
Teachings about Divorce
3Then some Pharisees came and tested Him by asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” 4Jesus answered, “Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator ‘made them male and female’ 5and said, ‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh’?…
Cross References
Genesis 1:27
So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

Genesis 5:2
Male and female He created them, and He blessed them. And in the day they were created, He called them "man."

Malachi 2:15
Has not the LORD made them one, having a portion of the Spirit? And why one? Because He seeks godly offspring. Therefore guard yourselves in your spirit and do not break faith with the wife of your youth.

Treasury of Scripture

And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Have.

Matthew 12:3
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

Matthew 21:6,42
And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, …

Matthew 22:31
But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,

that.

Genesis 1:27
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Genesis 5:2
Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.

Malachi 2:15
And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.







Lexicon
[Jesus] answered,
ἀποκριθεὶς (apokritheis)
Verb - Aorist Participle Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 611: From apo and krino; to conclude for oneself, i.e. to respond; by Hebraism to begin to speak.

“Have you not read
ἀνέγνωτε (anegnōte)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

from
ἀπ’ (ap’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

[the] beginning
ἀρχῆς (archēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 746: From archomai; a commencement, or chief.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Creator
κτίσας (ktisas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2936: To create, form, shape, make, always of God. Probably akin to ktaomai; to fabricate, i.e. Found.

‘made
ἐποίησεν (epoiēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

them
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

male
Ἄρσεν (Arsen)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 730: Male. Arsen probably from airo; male.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

female’
θῆλυ (thēly)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2338: Female. From the same as thelazo; female.
(4) Have ye not read . . .?--The answer to the question is found not in the words of a code of laws, but in the original facts of creation. That represented the idea of man and woman as created for a permanent relationship to each other, not as left to unite and separate as appetite or caprice might prompt.

Verse 4. - He answered and said. Our Lord does not directly reply in the negative, but refers to the original institution of marriage. All his auditors agreed in holding the legality of divorce, though they differed in their estimation of the causes that warranted separation. It was quite a new idea to find the propriety of divorce questioned, and to have their captious question met by an appeal to Scripture which they could not gainsay, and an enunciation of a high ideal of matrimony which their glosses and laxity had miserably perverted or obscured. He which made them. Manuscripts vary between ὁ ποιήσας and ὁ κτίσας. The latter is approved by Westcott and Hort. It is best translated, the Creator. The Vulgate gives, qui fecit hominem. At the beginning (ἀπ ἀρχῆς). These words should be joined to the following verb made (ἐποίησεν), and not with the preceding participle, as it is intended to show the primordial design in the creation of man and woman. God made the first members of the human family a male and a female, not a male and females. The lower animals were created separately, male and female; "mankind was created in one person in Adam, and when there was found no help meet for Adam, no companion in body, soul, or spirit, fit for him, then God, instead of creating a wholly new thing, made Eve out of Adam" (Sadler). Two individuals of opposite sexes were thus formed for each other; one was the complement of the other, and the union was perfect and lasted, as long as life. There was in this original institution no room for polygamy, no room for divorce. It was a concrete example of the way in which God unites man and wife. 19:3-12 The Pharisees were desirous of drawing something from Jesus which they might represent as contrary to the law of Moses. Cases about marriage have been numerous, and sometimes perplexed; made so, not by the law of God, but by the lusts and follies of men; and often people fix what they will do, before they ask for advice. Jesus replied by asking whether they had not read the account of the creation, and the first example of marriage; thus pointing out that every departure therefrom was wrong. That condition is best for us, and to be chosen and kept to accordingly, which is best for our souls, and tends most to prepare us for, and preserve us to, the kingdom of heaven. When the gospel is really embraced, it makes men kind relatives and faithful friends; it teaches them to bear the burdens, and to bear with the infirmities of those with whom they are connected, to consider their peace and happiness more than their own. As to ungodly persons, it is proper that they should be restrained by laws, from breaking the peace of society. And we learn that the married state should be entered upon with great seriousness and earnest prayer.
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