Judges 9:53
New International Version
a woman dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull.

New Living Translation
a woman on the roof dropped a millstone that landed on Abimelech’s head and crushed his skull.

English Standard Version
And a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head and crushed his skull.

Berean Study Bible
But a woman dropped an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head, crushing his skull.

New American Standard Bible
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, crushing his skull.

King James Bible
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and all to brake his skull.

Christian Standard Bible
But a woman threw the upper portion of a millstone on Abimelech's head and fractured his skull.

Contemporary English Version
when a woman on the roof dropped a large rock on his head and cracked his skull.

Good News Translation
But a woman threw a millstone down on his head and fractured his skull.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But a woman threw the upper portion of a millstone on Abimelech's head and fractured his skull.

International Standard Version
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone down on Abimelech's head, fracturing his skull.

NET Bible
a woman threw an upper millstone down on his head and shattered his skull.

New Heart English Bible
A certain woman threw down an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then a woman threw a small millstone that hit Abimelech on the head and cracked his skull.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

New American Standard 1977
But a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head, crushing his skull.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head and crushed his skull.

King James 2000 Bible
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

American King James Version
And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone on Abimelech's head, and all to broke his skull.

American Standard Version
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and brake his skull.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon the head of Abimelech, and broke his skull.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold a certain woman casting a piece of a millstone from above, dashed it against the head of Abimelech, and broke his skull.

Darby Bible Translation
and a woman cast the upper stone of a handmill on Abimelech's head, and crushed his skull.

English Revised Version
And a certain woman cast an upper millstone upon Abimelech's head, and brake his skull.

Webster's Bible Translation
And a certain woman cast a piece of of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

World English Bible
A certain woman cast an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.

Young's Literal Translation
and a certain woman doth cast a piece of a rider on the head of Abimelech, and breaketh his skull,
Study Bible
Abimelech's Punishment
52When Abimelech came to attack the tower, he approached its entrance to set it on fire. 53But a woman dropped an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head, crushing his skull. 54He quickly called his armor-bearer, saying, “Draw your sword and kill me, lest they say of me, ‘A woman killed him.’” So Abimelech’s armor-bearer ran his sword through him, and he died.…
Cross References
Judges 9:52
When Abimelech came to attack the tower, he approached its entrance to set it on fire.

2 Samuel 11:21
Who was the one to strike Abimelech son of Jerubbesheth? Was it not a woman who dropped an upper millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? Why did you get so close to the wall?' If so, then you are to say, 'Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead as well.'"

Treasury of Scripture

And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone on Abimelech's head, and all to broke his skull.

woman

Judges 9:15,20
And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon…

2 Samuel 11:21
Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

2 Samuel 20:21
The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall.

and all to.







Lexicon
But a
אַחַ֛ת (’a·ḥaṯ)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

woman
אִשָּׁ֥ה (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

dropped
וַתַּשְׁלֵ֞ךְ (wat·taš·lêḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7993: To throw out, down, away

an upper
פֶּ֥לַח (pe·laḥ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6400: Cleavage, a millstone

millstone
רֶ֖כֶב (re·ḵeḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Abimelech’s
אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ (’ă·ḇî·me·leḵ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 40: Abimelech -- 'father is king', a Philistine name, also an Israelite name

head,
רֹ֣אשׁ (rōš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

crushing
וַתָּ֖רִץ (wat·tā·riṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7533: To crack in pieces

his skull.
גֻּלְגָּלְתּֽוֹ׃ (gul·gā·lə·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1538: A skull, head, poll (of persons)
(53) A piece of a millstone.--The word for millstone is receb, literally, runner, i.e., the upper millstone, or lapis vector, which is whirled round and round over the stationary lower one, sheceb (Deuteronomy 24:6).

And all to brake his skull.--This is a mere printer's error for all-to or al-to, i.e., utterly, and it has led to the further misreading of "brake." Others think that it should be printed "all to-brake," where the to is intensive like the German ge--as in Chaucer's "All is to-broken thilke regioun" (Knight's Tale, 2,579). But in Latimer we find "they love, and all-to love him" (see Bible Word-book, ? 5). The meaning of the verb is "smashed" or "shattered" (LXX., suneklase; Vulg., confregit; Luther, zerbrach). The death of Pyrrhus by a tile flung down by a woman as he rode into the town of Argos is an historic parallel (Pausan. 1:13). The ringleader of an attack on the Jews, who had taken refuge in York Castle in 1190, was similarly killed.

His armour.--Celim, literally, implements. (Comp. Judges 18:11; Genesis 27:3.)

Verse 53. - A millstone. The word here used means the upper millstone, which rides as it were, or moves, over the fixed nether stone. All to brake his skull. This obsolete English phrase has been the subject of a recent controversy. In the older English of Chaucer and his immediate successors such compounds as to-break, to-burst, etc. were very common, and were frequently preceded by the adverb all. Hence, some English scholars would read the phrase here, and all to-brake his skull. It is, however, certain that before the time when the A.V. was made the compounds to-break, to-burst, etc. had become entirely obsolete, and the compound all-to had come into use. The right way, therefore, in which to read the present phrase is, and all-to brake his skull, i.e. smashed it, dashed it in pieces. The prefix all-to gives intensity to the verb. 9:50-57 The Shechemites were ruined by Abimelech; now he is reckoned with, who was their leader in villany. Evil pursues sinners, and sometimes overtakes them, when not only at ease, but triumphant. Though wickedness may prosper a while, it will not prosper always. The history of mankind, if truly told, would greatly resemble that of this chapter. The records of what are called splendid events present to us such contests for power. Such scenes, though praised of men, fully explain the Scripture doctrine of the deceitfulness and desperate wickedness of the human heart, the force of men's lust, and the effect of Satan's influence. Lord, thou has given us thy word of truth and righteousness, O pour upon us thy spirit of purity, peace, and love, and write thy holy law in our hearts.
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OT History: Judges 9:53 A certain woman cast an upper millstone (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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