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Hitchcock's Bible Names DictionaryAbimelech
Smith's Bible DictionaryAbimelech
(father of the king), the name of several Philistine kings, was probably a common title of these kings, like that of Pharaoh among the Egyptians and that of Caesar and Augustus among the Romans. Hence in the title of (Psalms 34:1) ... the name of Abimelech is given to the king, who is called Achish in (1 Samuel 21:11)
ATS Bible DictionaryAbimelech
1. King of Gerar of the Philistines, who took Sarah into his harem; but being warned of God in a dream, he restored her to Abraham, and gave him 1,000 pieces of silver as a "covering of the eyes" for Sarah, that is, as an atoning present, and to be a testimony of her innocence in the eyes of all. He afterwards made a league with Abraham, Genesis 20:1-18.
2. Another king of Gerar, probably son of the former, and contemporary with Isaac. He rebuked Isaac for dissimulation in regard to Rebekah, and afterwards made a new league with him at Beersheba, Genesis 26:1-35.
3. A son of Gideon by a concubine, made himself king of Shechem after his father's death, and slew his father's seventy sons on one stone, only Jotham the youngest being left. Jotham reproached the Shechemites for their conduct, in his celebrated fable to the trees. Three years afterwards, they rose against Abimelech; he defeated them, and destroyed their city, but as he was attacking Thebez, a woman threw down a piece of millstone on his head, which so injured him, that he called to his armor bearer to slay him, Jud 9:1- 57.
Easton's Bible DictionaryMy father a king, or father of a king, a common name of the Philistine kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian kings.
(1.) The Philistine king of Gerar in the time of Abraham (Genesis 20:1-18). By an interposition of Providence, Sarah was delivered from his harem, and was restored to her husband Abraham. As a Mark of respect he gave to Abraham valuable gifts, and offered him a settlement in any part of his country; while at the same time he delicately and yet severely rebuked him for having practised a deception upon him in pretending that Sarah was only his sister. Among the gifts presented by the king were a thousand pieces of silver as a "covering of the eyes" for Sarah; i.e., either as an atoning gift and a testimony of her innocence in the sight of all, or rather for the purpose of procuring a veil for Sarah to conceal her beauty, and thus as a reproof to her for not having worn a veil which, as a married woman, she ought to have done. A few years after this Abimelech visited Abraham, who had removed southward beyond his territory, and there entered into a league of peace and friendship with him. This league was the first of which we have any record. It was confirmed by a mutual oath at Beer-sheba (Genesis 21:22-34).
(2.) A king of Gerar in the time of Isaac, probably the son of the preceeding (Genesis 26:1-22). Isaac sought refuge in his territory during a famine, and there he acted a part with reference to his wife Rebekah similar to that of his father Abraham with reference to Sarah. Abimelech rebuked him for the deception, which he accidentally discovered. Isaac settled for a while here, and prospered. Abimelech desired him, however, to leave his territory, which Isaac did. Abimelech afterwards visited him when he was encamped at Beer-sheba, and expressed a desire to renew the covenant which had been entered into between their fathers (Genesis 26:26-31).
(3.) A son of Gideon (Judges 9:1), who was proclaimed king after the death of his father (Judges 8:33-9:6). One of his first Acts was to murder his brothers, seventy in number, "on one stone," at Ophrah. Only one named Jotham escaped. He was an unprincipled, ambitious ruler, often engaged in war with his own subjects. When engaged in reducing the town of Thebez, which had revolted, he was struck mortally on his head by a mill-stone, thrown by the hand of a woman from the wall above. Perceiving that the wound was mortal, he desired his armour-bearer to thrust him through with his sword, that it might not be said he had perished by the hand of a woman (Judges 9:50-57).
(4.) The son of Abiathar, and high priest in the time of David (1 Chronicles 18:16). In the parallel passage, 2 Samuel 8:17, we have the name Ahimelech, and Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech. This most authorities consider the more correct reading.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaABIMELECH
a-bim'-e-lek ('abhimelekh, "father of a king"): A name borne by five Old Testament persons.
Strong's Hebrew276. Achuzzath -- "possession," a friend of Abimelech
... 275, 276. Achuzzath. 277 . "possession," a friend of Abimelech. Transliteration:
Achuzzath Phonetic Spelling: (akh-ooz-zath') Short Definition: Ahuzzath. ...
/hebrew/276.htm - 6k
6369. Pikol -- commander of Abimelech's army
2083. Zebul -- an officer of Abimelech
40. Abimelek -- "father is king," a Philistine name, also an ...
The Crowning of Abimelech
The Case of Abimelech and his House Examined.
Concerning Abimelech; and Concerning Ismael the Son of Abraham ...
But on the Death of Gideon, his Son Abimelech...
Of Lot's Deliverance from Sodom, and Its Consumption by Fire from ...
That the Judges who Succeeded Gideon Made War with the Adjoining ...
The Pelagians Argue that God Sometimes Closes the Womb in Anger ...
Abraham, the Man of Prayer
Concerning the Sons of Isaac, Esau and Jacob; of their Nativity ...
ThesaurusAbimelech (63 Occurrences)
... A few years after this Abimelech visited Abraham, who had removed southward beyond
his territory, and there entered into a league of peace and friendship with ...
/a/abimelech.htm - 36k
Abimelech's (4 Occurrences)
Zebul (5 Occurrences)
Townsmen (18 Occurrences)
Gaal (10 Occurrences)
Abim'elech (58 Occurrences)
Jerubbaal (15 Occurrences)
Thebez (3 Occurrences)
Gerar (10 Occurrences)
Citizens (28 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceAbimelech (63 Occurrences)
Genesis 20:2 Abraham said about Sarah his wife, "She is my sister." Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
Genesis 20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream of the night, and said to him, "Behold, you are a dead man, because of the woman whom you have taken. For she is a man's wife."
Genesis 20:4 Now Abimelech had not come near her. He said, "Lord, will you kill even a righteous nation?
Genesis 20:8 Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ear. The men were very scared.
Genesis 20:9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said to him, "What have you done to us? How have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? You have done deeds to me that ought not to be done!"
Genesis 20:10 Abimelech said to Abraham, "What did you see, that you have done this thing?"
Genesis 20:14 Abimelech took sheep and cattle, male servants and female servants, and gave them to Abraham, and restored Sarah, his wife, to him.
Genesis 20:15 Abimelech said, "Behold, my land is before you. Dwell where it pleases you."
Genesis 20:17 Abraham prayed to God. God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his female servants, and they bore children.
Genesis 20:18 For Yahweh had closed up tight all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.
Genesis 21:22 It happened at that time, that Abimelech and Phicol the captain of his army spoke to Abraham, saying, "God is with you in all that you do.
Genesis 21:25 Abraham complained to Abimelech because of a water well, which Abimelech's servants had violently taken away.
Genesis 21:26 Abimelech said, "I don't know who has done this thing. Neither did you tell me, neither did I hear of it, until today."
Genesis 21:27 Abraham took sheep and cattle, and gave them to Abimelech. Those two made a covenant.
Genesis 21:29 Abimelech said to Abraham, "What do these seven ewe lambs which you have set by themselves mean?"
Genesis 21:32 So they made a covenant at Beersheba. Abimelech rose up with Phicol, the captain of his army, and they returned into the land of the Philistines.
Genesis 26:1 There was a famine in the land, besides the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines, to Gerar.
Genesis 26:8 It happened, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac was caressing Rebekah, his wife.
Genesis 26:9 Abimelech called Isaac, and said, "Behold, surely she is your wife. Why did you say,'She is my sister?'" Isaac said to him, "Because I said,'Lest I die because of her.'"
Genesis 26:10 Abimelech said, "What is this you have done to us? One of the people might easily have lain with your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us!"
Genesis 26:11 Abimelech commanded all the people, saying, "He who touches this man or his wife will surely be put to death."
Genesis 26:16 Abimelech said to Isaac, "Go from us, for you are much mightier than we."
Genesis 26:26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his army.
Judges 8:31 His concubine who was in Shechem, she also bore him a son, and he named him Abimelech.
Judges 9:1 Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem to his mother's brothers, and spoke with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying,
Judges 9:3 His mother's brothers spoke of him in the ears of all the men of Shechem all these words: and their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech; for they said, "He is our brother."
Judges 9:4 They gave him seventy pieces of silver out of the house of Baal Berith, with which Abimelech hired vain and light fellows, who followed him.
Judges 9:6 All the men of Shechem assembled themselves together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar that was in Shechem.
Judges 9:16 "Now therefore, if you have dealt truly and righteously, in that you have made Abimelech king, and if you have dealt well with Jerubbaal and his house, and have done to him according to the deserving of his hands
Judges 9:18 and you have risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, seventy persons, on one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his female servant, king over the men of Shechem, because he is your brother);
Judges 9:19 if you then have dealt truly and righteously with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then rejoice in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you:
Judges 9:20 but if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech."
Judges 9:21 Jotham ran away, and fled, and went to Beer, and lived there, for fear of Abimelech his brother.
Judges 9:22 Abimelech was prince over Israel three years.
Judges 9:23 God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech:
Judges 9:24 that the violence done to the seventy sons of Jerubbaal might come, and that their blood might be laid on Abimelech their brother, who killed them, and on the men of Shechem, who strengthened his hands to kill his brothers.
Judges 9:25 The men of Shechem set an ambush for him on the tops of the mountains, and they robbed all who came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech.
Judges 9:27 They went out into the field, and gathered their vineyards, and trod the grapes, and held festival, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.
Judges 9:28 Gaal the son of Ebed said, "Who is Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should serve him? Isn't he the son of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his officer? Serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem: but why should we serve him?
Judges 9:29 Would that this people were under my hand! Then I would remove Abimelech." He said to Abimelech, "Increase your army, and come out!"
Judges 9:31 He sent messengers to Abimelech craftily, saying, "Behold, Gaal the son of Ebed and his brothers are come to Shechem; and behold, they constrain the city to take part against you.
Judges 9:34 Abimelech rose up, and all the people who were with him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four companies.
Judges 9:35 Gaal the son of Ebed went out, and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city: and Abimelech rose up, and the people who were with him, from the ambush.
Judges 9:38 Then Zebul said to him, "Now where is your mouth, that you said,'Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him?' Isn't this the people that you have despised? Go out now, please, and fight with them."
Judges 9:39 Gaal went out before the men of Shechem, and fought with Abimelech.
Judges 9:40 Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many fell wounded, even to the entrance of the gate.
Judges 9:41 Abimelech lived at Arumah: and Zebul drove out Gaal and his brothers, that they should not dwell in Shechem.
Judges 9:42 It happened on the next day, that the people went out into the field; and they told Abimelech.
Judges 9:44 Abimelech, and the companies that were with him, rushed forward, and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city: and the two companies rushed on all who were in the field, and struck them.
Judges 9:45 Abimelech fought against the city all that day; and he took the city, and killed the people who were therein: and he beat down the city, and sowed it with salt.
Judges 9:47 It was told Abimelech that all the men of the tower of Shechem were gathered together.
Judges 9:48 Abimelech got him up to Mount Zalmon, he and all the people who were with him; and Abimelech took an axe in his hand, and cut down a bough from the trees, and took it up, and laid it on his shoulder: and he said to the people who were with him, "What you have seen me do, make haste, and do as I have done!"
Judges 9:49 All the people likewise each cut down his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them at the base of the stronghold, and set the stronghold on fire on them; so that all the people of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women.
Judges 9:50 Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.
Judges 9:52 Abimelech came to the tower, and fought against it, and drew near to the door of the tower to burn it with fire.
Judges 9:53 A certain woman cast an upper millstone on Abimelech's head, and broke his skull.
Judges 9:55 When the men of Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, they departed every man to his place.
Judges 9:56 Thus God requited the wickedness of Abimelech, which he did to his father, in killing his seventy brothers;
Judges 10:1 After Abimelech there arose to save Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.
2 Samuel 11:21 who struck Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? Didn't a woman cast an upper millstone on him from the wall, so that he died at Thebez? Why did you go so near the wall?' then you shall say,'Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.'"
2 Samuel 11:22 So the man went, and came to David, and gave him all the news which Joab had sent him to give; then David was angry with Joab and said, Why did you go so near the town for the fight? was it not certain that their archers would be on the wall? who put Abimelech, the son of Jerubbaal, to death? did not a woman send a great stone down on him from the wall, putting him to death at Thebez? why did you go so near the wall?
1 Chronicles 18:16 and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;
Psalms 34:1 By David; when he pretended to be insane before Abimelech, who drove him away, and he departed.Psalm 34 is an acrostic poem, with each verse starting with a letter of the alphabet (ordered from Alef to Tav). I will bless Yahweh at all times. His praise will always be in my mouth.
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