1 Chronicles 24:31
New International Version
They also cast lots, just as their relatives the descendants of Aaron did, in the presence of King David and of Zadok, Ahimelek, and the heads of families of the priests and of the Levites. The families of the oldest brother were treated the same as those of the youngest.

New Living Translation
Like the descendants of Aaron, they were assigned to their duties by means of sacred lots, without regard to age or rank. Lots were drawn in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the family leaders of the priests and the Levites.

English Standard Version
These also, the head of each father’s house and his younger brother alike, cast lots, just as their brothers the sons of Aaron, in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of fathers’ houses of the priests and of the Levites.

Berean Study Bible
As their brothers the descendants of Aaron did, they also cast lots in the presence of King David and of Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites—the family heads and their younger brothers alike.

New American Standard Bible
These also cast lots just as their relatives the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' households of the priests and of the Levites-- the head of fathers' households as well as those of his younger brother.

King James Bible
These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

Christian Standard Bible
They also cast lots the same way as their relatives the descendants of Aaron did in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites--the family heads and their younger brothers alike.

Contemporary English Version
Each one was assigned his duties in the same way that their relatives the priests had been assigned their duties. David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the family leaders of the priests and Levites were the witnesses.

Good News Translation
The head of each family and one of his younger brothers drew lots for their assignments, just as their relatives, the priests descended from Aaron, had done. King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of families of the priests and of the Levites were witnesses.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They also cast lots the same way as their relatives the sons of Aaron did in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites--the family heads and their younger brothers alike.

International Standard Version
These individuals also cast lots corresponding to their relatives, Aaron's descendants, in the presence of King David, Zadok, and Ahimelech, and in the presence of the heads of the ancestral households of the priests and of the descendants of Levi, and the eldest was treated as impartially as was the younger brother.

NET Bible
Just like their relatives, the descendants of Aaron, they also cast lots before King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, the leaders of families, the priests, and the Levites. The families of the oldest son cast lots along with the those of the youngest.

New Heart English Bible
These likewise cast lots even as their brothers the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the ancestral houses of the priests and of the Levites; the ancestral houses of the chief even as those of his younger brother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They drew lots as their relatives, Aaron's descendants, had done. They drew them in front of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the leaders of the families of the priests and Levites. The families of the oldest brother were treated the same way as those of the youngest.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These likewise cast lots even as their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' houses of the priests and of the Levites; the fathers' houses of the chief even as those of his younger brother.

New American Standard 1977
These also cast lots just as their relatives the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers’ households of the priests and of the Levites—the head of fathers’ households as well as those of his younger brother.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These, likewise, cast lots over against their brethren, the sons of Aaron, in the presence of David, the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

King James 2000 Bible
These likewise cast lots even as their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' houses of the priests and Levites; the principal fathers did even as their younger brethren.

American King James Version
These likewise cast lots over against their brothers the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brothers.

American Standard Version
These likewise cast lots even as their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers houses of the priests and of the Levites; the fathers houses of the chief even as those of his younger brother.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they also received lots as their brethren the sons of Aaron before the king; Sadoc also, and Achimelech, and the chiefs of the families of the priests and of the Levites, principal heads of families, even as their younger brethren.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they also cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron before David the king, and Sadoc, and Ahimelech, and the princes of the priestly and Levitical families, both the elder and the younger. The lot divided all equally.

Darby Bible Translation
These likewise cast lots just as their brethren the sons of Aaron before David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief fathers of the priests and Levites, -- the chief fathers just as the youngest of their brethren.

English Revised Version
These likewise cast lots even as their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' houses of the priests and of the Levites; the fathers' houses of the chief even as those of his younger brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

World English Bible
These likewise cast lots even as their brothers the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads of the fathers' [houses] of the priests and of the Levites; the fathers' [houses] of the chief even as those of his younger brother.

Young's Literal Translation
and they cast, they also, lots over-against their brethren the sons of Aaron, before David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and heads of the fathers, for priests and for Levites; the chief father over-against his younger brother.
Study Bible
The Rest of the Levites
30And the sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites, according to their families. 31As their brothers the descendants of Aaron did, they also cast lots in the presence of King David and of Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites— the family heads and their younger brothers alike.
Cross References
1 Chronicles 24:5
Thus they were divided by lot, for there were officers of the sanctuary and officers of God among both Eleazar's and Ithamar's descendants.

1 Chronicles 24:6
The secretary, Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, recorded their names in the presence of the king and the officers Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the heads of families of the priests and the Levites--one family being taken from Eleazar, and then one from Ithamar.

1 Chronicles 24:30
And the sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites, according to their families.

1 Chronicles 26:13
They cast lots for each gate, according to their families, young and old alike.

Treasury of Scripture

These likewise cast lots over against their brothers the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brothers.

Mushi

1 Chronicles 6:47
The son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi.

1 Chronicles 23:23
The sons of Mushi; Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three.







Lexicon
As
לְעֻמַּ֣ת ׀ (lə·‘um·maṯ)
Preposition-l
Strong's Hebrew 5980: Society, near, beside, along with

their brothers
אֲחֵיהֶ֣ם (’ă·ḥê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

the descendants
בְּנֵֽי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Aaron did,
אַהֲרֹ֗ן (’a·hă·rōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

they
הֵ֨ם (hêm)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

also
גַם־ (ḡam-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

cast
וַיַּפִּילוּ֩ (way·yap·pî·lū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

lots
גּוֹרָל֜וֹת (gō·w·rā·lō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1486: Lot -- a lot (for casting)

in the presence
לִפְנֵ֨י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

of King
הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

David
דָוִ֤יד (ḏā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

and of Zadok,
וְצָד֣וֹק (wə·ṣā·ḏō·wq)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6659: Zadok -- the name of several Israelites

Ahimelech,
וַאֲחִימֶ֔לֶךְ (wa·’ă·ḥî·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 288: Ahimelech -- 'brother of a king', an Israelite name, also a Hittite name

and the heads
וְרָאשֵׁי֙ (wə·rā·šê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

of the families
הָֽאָב֔וֹת (hā·’ā·ḇō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

of the priests
לַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים (lak·kō·hă·nîm)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

and Levites—
וְלַלְוִיִּ֑ם (wə·lal·wî·yim)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3881: Levites -- descendant of Levi

the family
אָב֣וֹת (’ā·ḇō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

heads
הָרֹ֔אשׁ (hā·rōš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

and their younger
הַקָּטָֽן׃ (haq·qā·ṭān)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6996: Small, young, unimportant

brothers alike.
אָחִ֥יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )
(31) These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron.--Rather, Just like, in the same way as their brethren, the priests. The same compound preposition (le'ummath) recurs in 1Chronicles 26:12; 1Chronicles 26:16. In 2Samuel 16:13 it has the sense of over against, or parallel with. The lots were cast, as in the case of the priests, to determine the order according to which the classes were to serve in rotation.

Their brethren the sons of Aaron.--This expression seems to indicate that the preceding list does not include all the Levites, but only those who assisted the priests in the Temple services: that is, the 24,000 of 1Chronicles 23:4. The chronicler naturally returned to them after his account of the priestly classes. Hence, perhaps, the omission of the Gershonite houses is intentional. The narrative proceeds to treat of the Levites who were not in immediate attendance on the priesthood in 1 Chronicles 25, 26

The chief of the fathers.--Rather, the chiefs of the clans.

Even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.--Rather, clans--the chief just like his younger brother. The word "fathers" (?both) is a brief form of "father-houses" (beth- ?both). The meaning appears to be that all the Levitical houses received their position by lot, senior and junior branches alike. The order, as thus determined, is not communicated; nor is it expressly stated that the Levitical classes were twenty-four in number, but it appears highly probable, both from the data of the text, and from the analogy of the classes of the priests and the musicians (1 Chronicles 25).

Verse 31. - Over against... over against. This translation of the Hebrew (לְעמַּת) is obscure and awkward. The meaning is "equally with," or "correspondingly with" (1 Chronicles 26:12, 16, etc.). The root means "communion," and the word is found only in the constructive state. The Vulgate shows the translation, Omnes sors aequaliter dividebat; tam majores quam minores.



24:1-31 The divisions of the priests and Levites. - When every one has, knows, and keeps his place and work, the more there are the better. In the mystical body of Christ, every member has its use, for the good of the whole. Christ is High Priest over the house of God, to whom all believers, being made priests, are to be in subjection. In Christ, no difference is made between bond and free, elder and younger. The younger brethren, if faithful and sincere, shall be no less acceptable to Christ than the fathers. May we all be children of the Lord, fitted to sing his praises for ever in his temple above.
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Alphabetical: Aaron Ahimelech also and as brother brothers cast David descendants did families fathers head heads his households in just King Levites Levites-the lots of oldest presence priests relatives same sons the their These They those treated well were younger youngest Zadok

OT History: 1 Chronicles 24:31 These likewise cast lots even as their (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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