1 Chronicles 25:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Young and old alike, teacher as well as student, cast lots for their duties.

New Living Translation
The musicians were appointed to their term of service by means of sacred lots, without regard to whether they were young or old, teacher or student.

English Standard Version
And they cast lots for their duties, small and great, teacher and pupil alike.

Berean Study Bible
They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil.

New American Standard Bible
They cast lots for their duties, all alike, the small as well as the great, the teacher as well as the pupil.

King James Bible
And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

Christian Standard Bible
They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil.

Contemporary English Version
David assigned them their duties by asking the LORD what he wanted. Everyone was responsible for something, whether young or old, teacher or student.

Good News Translation
To determine the assignment of duties they all drew lots, whether they were young or old, experts or beginners.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil.

International Standard Version
Their duties, whether significant or insignificant, whether performed by teacher or pupil alike, were assigned by lottery.

NET Bible
They cast lots to determine their responsibilities--oldest as well as youngest, teacher as well as student.

New Heart English Bible
And they cast lots, watch with watch, the small as the great, the teacher as the pupil.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They drew lots for their assignment of duties, the youngest as well as the oldest, the skilled [musicians] along with the students.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they cast lots ward against [ward], as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

New American Standard 1977
And they cast lots for their duties, all alike, the small as well as the great, the teacher as well as the pupil.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they cast lots, ward against ward, the small as well as the great, the one with understanding as well as the disciple.

King James 2000 Bible
And they cast lots for their duties, the small as well as the great, the teacher as well as the student.

American King James Version
And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

American Standard Version
And they cast lots for their offices, all alike, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they cast lots by their courses, the elder equally with the younger, the learned and the unlearned together.

Darby Bible Translation
And they cast lots with one another over the charges, the small as well as the great, the teacher with the scholar.

English Revised Version
And they cast lots for their charges, all alike, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

World English Bible
They cast lots for their offices, all alike, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

Young's Literal Translation
And they cause to fall lots -- charge over-against charge, as well the small as the great, the intelligent with the learner.
Study Bible
Twenty-Four Divisions of Musicians
7Together with their relatives, who were all trained and skillful in the songs of the LORD, they numbered 288. 8They cast lots for their duties, young and old alike, teacher as well as pupil. 9The first lot, which was for Asaph, fell to Joseph, his sons, and his brothers—12 in all; the second to Gedaliah, his sons, and his brothers—12 in all;…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 25:9
The first lot, which was for Asaph, fell to Joseph, his sons, and his brothers--12 in all; the second to Gedaliah, his sons, and his brothers--12 in all;

1 Chronicles 26:13
They cast lots for each gate, according to their families, young and old alike.

Treasury of Scripture

And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.

two hundred These two hundred and eighty-eight, being twenty courses of twelve each, were more skilful than the other Levites; and being placed under the twenty-four sons of the chief singers, they had the four thousand before mentioned divided among them, to officiate by courses, according to their instructions.

1 Chronicles 23:5 Moreover four thousand were porters; and four thousand praised the …







(8) And they cast lots, ward against ward.--Rather, And they cast lots of charge, that is, for determining the order in which each of the twenty-four guilds, or classes, should take charge of the services. (Comp, the LXX., ??????? ?????????, "lots of courses;" and see Luke 1:6.) Some Hebrew MSS. and the Targum repeat the word "ward" (mishmereth, "charge"), whence the reading of the Authorised Version. The ancient versions omit the word altogether.

As well the small as the great.--Heb., exactly as the small (or, the younger), so the great (or, the elder). (Comp. the Vulg., "ex aequo tam major quam minor.") But perhaps leummath is here used absolutely: "They cast lots in like manner" (1Chronicles 24:31). The senior houses, or guilds, had no advantage over the juniors, the order of rotation being decided by lot. (Comp. 1Chronicles 24:31.)

The teacher as the scholar.--Literally, cunning (1Chronicles 25:7) with learner. According to 1Chronicles 23:5, the whole number of Levites appointed for the service of song was 4,000. These were all included in the twenty-four classes, 288 of them being "cunning" men, that is, masters in their art, and the remaining 3,712 forming the rank and file of the choirs under the training of the proficients. The Aramaic word talmid (scholar) occurs nowhere else in the Old Testament. It is the term used of the disciples of the Rabbis in the Talmud, and is the exact equivalent of the New Testament word, ???????.

Verse 8. - This verse should be translated, And they cast lots of attendance, small and great equally, teacher with scholar. The Septuagint translates גורָלות מִשִׁמֶרֶת by the words κλήρους ἐφημεριῶν. And they cast lots, ward against ward,.... That is, which ward or course of the singers should answer to and attend on the first ward or course of the priests in their weekly service, and which the second, and so on:

as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar; no regard was had to the age of a person, his being the firstborn or a younger brother, or to his office and station, whether as a teacher or a learner in the science of singing; he was made the head of a course, as the lot came up; and it may easily be observed, by comparing the lots in the following verses with the sons of the chief singers, according to the order of them in 1 Chronicles 25:2 that the younger are often preferred in the courses by lot to the elder, of which even the first lot is an instance. 1Ch 25:8-31. Their Division by Lot into Four and Twenty Orders.

8. they cast lots, ward against ward—"Ward" is an old English word for "division" or "company." The lot was cast to determine the precedence of the classes or divisions over which the musical leaders presided; and, in order to secure an impartial arrangement of their order, the master and his assistants, the teacher and his scholars, in each class or company took part in this solemn casting of lots. In the first catalogue given in this chapter the courses are classed according to their employment as musicians. In the second, they are arranged in the order of their service. 25:1-31 The singers and musicians. - David put those in order who were appointed to be singers and musicians in the temple. To prophesy, in this place, means praising God with great earnestness and devout affections, under the influences of the Holy Spirit. In raising these affections, poetry and music were employed. If the Spirit of God do not put life and fervour into our devotions, they will, however ordered, be a lifeless, worthless form.
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Alphabetical: alike all and as cast duties for great lots old pupil small student teacher the their They well Young

OT History: 1 Chronicles 25:8 They cast lots for their offices all (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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