1 Chronicles 18:16
New International Version
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelek son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary;

New Living Translation
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were the priests. Seraiah was the court secretary.

English Standard Version
and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests; and Shavsha was secretary;

Berean Study Bible
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was the scribe;

King James Bible
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

New King James Version
Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; Shavsha was the scribe;

New American Standard Bible
and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Shavsha was secretary;

NASB 1995
and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Shavsha was secretary;

NASB 1977
and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were priests, and Shavsha was secretary;

Amplified Bible
Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests, and Shavsha was secretary (state scribe);

Christian Standard Bible
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was court secretary;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was court secretary;

American Standard Version
and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Tsaduq, son of Akhitub, and Akhimlek, son of Abiathar the Priest, and Sariya the Scribe

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Sadoc son of Achitob, and Achimelech son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Susa was the scribe;

Contemporary English Version
Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests. Shavsha was the secretary.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Sadoc the son of Achitob, and Achimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests: and Susa, scribe.

English Revised Version
and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

Good News Translation
Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Seraiah was court secretary;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ahitub's son Zadok and Abiathar's son Abimelech were priests. Shavsha was the royal scribe.

International Standard Version
Ahitub's son Zadok and Abiathar's son Ahimelech were priests, Shavsha was his personal secretary,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

Literal Standard Version
and Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar [are] priests, and Shavsha [is] scribe,

NET Bible
Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was scribe;

New Heart English Bible
and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

World English Bible
and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

Young's Literal Translation
and Zadok son of Ahitub, and Abimelech son of Abiathar, are priests, and Shavsha is scribe,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Officers
15Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder; 16Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was the scribe; 17Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief officials at the king’s side.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 18:15
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

1 Chronicles 18:17
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were chief officials at the king's side.

1 Chronicles 24:6
The scribe, Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, recorded their names in the presence of the king and of the officers: Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the heads of families of the priests and the Levites--one family being taken from Eleazar, and then one from Ithamar.


Treasury of Scripture

And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

Abimelech

2 Samuel 8:17
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

Ahimelech

2 Samuel 20:25
And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

1 Kings 2:35
And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.

Shavsha

2 Samuel 8:17
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

Seraiah

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

Shisha









(16) Zadok, of the line of Eleazar (1Chronicles 6:4-8). (Comp. 1Chronicles 12:28; 1Chronicles 16:39; 2Samuel 8:17; 2Samuel 15:24; 2Samuel 19:11; 1Kings 1:8; 1Kings 4:4.) . . . Verse 16. - Abimelech the son of Abiathar. The reading in the parallel place is, "Abimelech the son of Abiathar," as also in 1 Chronicles 24:6; but comparison of 1 Samuel 22:20; 2 Samuel 20:25; 1 Kings 1:7, 8, suggests that the right reading would be "Abiathar the son of Ahimelech." With this Mark 2:26 agrees, and tells of a correct manuscript, from which, indirectly, the quotation came. Shavsha. The parallel place reads Seraiaha; 2 Samuel 20:25 reads Sheva; and 1 Kings 4:3 reads Shisha. The differences are probably due simply to errors of transcription. Scribe. The historical development of this title is obscure, and not easy to trace. The use of some form or other of the root is abundantly frequent from the times of the earliest parts of Scripture, in the sense of "numbering," or "declaring," or "recording." Perhaps our title of "secretary" would answer sufficiently to it, and all the better, because the Old Testament scribes were also of different leading kinds, like in some degree to our various secretaries of state. There was the kind of scribe of Judges 5:14 - where our Authorized Version is far from the mark, and should rather read "the staff of the scribe," in place of "the pen of the writer" - a military officer, whose duty it was to keep the muster-roll. There was the scribe of 2 Kings 25:19 - a passage which throws light on the former (see also Isaiah 33:18; Jeremiah 52:25). There were the scribes of a more literary, lawyer-like, or clerk-like kind, as here, and in the parallel place, and in 2 Samuel 20:25; 1 Kings 4:3; 1 Chronicles 2:55. In the time of Hezekiah, if not before, the scribes became distinctly a class of men (Proverbs 25:1; Jeremiah 8:8); and the times of the Captivity greatly enlarged their importance. Their exact duties in the best times of the monarchy are not laid down, but the dignified place the king's scribe held is evident from the company in which he is placed here and in the parallel passage.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Zadok
וְצָד֧וֹק (wə·ṣā·ḏō·wq)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6659: Zadok -- the name of several Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Ahitub
אֲחִיט֛וּב (’ă·ḥî·ṭūḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 285: Ahitub -- 'my brother is goodness', two Israelites

and Ahimelech
וַאֲבִימֶ֥לֶךְ (wa·’ă·ḇî·me·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 40: Abimelech -- 'father is king', a Philistine name, also an Israelite name

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Abiathar
אֶבְיָתָ֖ר (’eḇ·yā·ṯār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 54: Abiathar -- 'the great one is father', an Israelite priest

were priests;
כֹּהֲנִ֑ים (kō·hă·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3548: Priest

Shavsha
וְשַׁוְשָׁ֖א (wə·šaw·šā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7798: Shavsha -- an Israelite

[was] the scribe;
סוֹפֵֽר׃ (sō·w·p̄êr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5608: To count, recount, relate


Jump to Previous
Abiathar Abi'athar Abimelech Ahimelech Ahim'elech Ahitub Ahi'tub Priests Scribe Secretary Zadok
Jump to Next
Abiathar Abi'athar Abimelech Ahimelech Ahim'elech Ahitub Ahi'tub Priests Scribe Secretary Zadok
Links
1 Chronicles 18:16 NIV
1 Chronicles 18:16 NLT
1 Chronicles 18:16 ESV
1 Chronicles 18:16 NASB
1 Chronicles 18:16 KJV

1 Chronicles 18:16 BibleApps.com
1 Chronicles 18:16 Biblia Paralela
1 Chronicles 18:16 Chinese Bible
1 Chronicles 18:16 French Bible
1 Chronicles 18:16 Clyx Quotations

OT History: 1 Chronicles 18:16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 18:15
Top of Page
Top of Page