Judges 5:14
New International Version
Some came from Ephraim, whose roots were in Amalek; Benjamin was with the people who followed you. From Makir captains came down, from Zebulun those who bear a commander’s staff.

New Living Translation
They came down from Ephraim— a land that once belonged to the Amalekites; they followed you, Benjamin, with your troops. From Makir the commanders marched down; from Zebulun came those who carry a commander’s staff.

English Standard Version
From Ephraim their root they marched down into the valley, following you, Benjamin, with your kinsmen; from Machir marched down the commanders, and from Zebulun those who bear the lieutenant’s staff;

Berean Study Bible
Some came from Ephraim, with their roots in Amalek; Benjamin came with your people after you. The commanders came down from Machir, the bearers of the marshal’s staff from Zebulun.

King James Bible
Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

New King James Version
From Ephraim were those whose roots were in Amalek. After you, Benjamin, with your peoples, From Machir rulers came down, And from Zebulun those who bear the recruiter’s staff.

New American Standard Bible
“From Ephraim those whose root is in Amalek came down, Following you, Benjamin, with your peoples; From Machir commanders came down, And from Zebulun those who wield the staff of office.

NASB 1995
“From Ephraim those whose root is in Amalek came down, Following you, Benjamin, with your peoples; From Machir commanders came down, And from Zebulun those who wield the staff of office.

NASB 1977
“From Ephraim those whose root is in Amalek came down, Following you, Benjamin, with your peoples; From Machir commanders came down, And from Zebulun those who wield the staff of office.

Amplified Bible
“From Ephraim those whose root is in Amalek came down, After you, Benjamin, with your relatives; From Machir came down commanders and rulers, And from Zebulun those who handle the scepter of the [office of] scribe.

Christian Standard Bible
Those with their roots in Amalek came from Ephraim; Benjamin came with your people after you. The leaders came down from Machir, and those who carry a marshal’s staff came from Zebulun.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Those with their roots in Amalek came from Ephraim; Benjamin came with your people after you. The leaders came down from Machir, and those who carry a marshal’s staff came from Zebulun.

American Standard Version
Out of Ephraim came down they whose root is in Amalek; After thee, Benjamin, among thy peoples; Out of Machir came down governors, And out of Zebulun they that handle the marshal's staff.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his Servants in Amaleq went after you Benjamin, in your love. From Makir a Prophet went out and from Zabalaun those who wrote with the reed of a Scribe

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ephraim rooted them out in Amalec, behind thee was Benjamin among thy people: the inhabitants of Machir came down with me searching out the enemy, and from Zabulon came they that draw with the scribe's pen of record.

Contemporary English Version
Troops came from Ephraim, where Amalekites once lived. Others came from Benjamin; officers and leaders came from Machir and Zebulun.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Out of Ephraim he destroyed them into Amalec, and after him out of Benjamin into thy people, O Amalec: Out of Machir there came down princes, and out of Zabulon they that led the army to fight.

English Revised Version
Out of Ephraim came down they whose root is in Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy peoples; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the marshal's staff.

Good News Translation
They came from Ephraim into the valley, behind the tribe of Benjamin and its people. The commanders came down from Machir, the officers down from Zebulun.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Those who had settled in Amalek's country came down from Ephraim. Benjamin came with its troops after Ephraim. Commanders from Machir went into battle. The officers from Zebulun also went.

International Standard Version
Some came from Ephraim who had been harassed by Amalek, followed by Benjamin with your people. Some commanders came from Machir, along with some from Zebulun who carry a badge of office.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Out of Ephraim came they whose root is in Amalek; After thee, Benjamin, among thy peoples; Out of Machir came down governors, And out of Zebulun they that handle the marshal's staff.

Literal Standard Version
From Ephraim [are] those whose root [is] in Amalek, After you, Benjamin, among your peoples, From Machir lawgivers came down, And from Zebulun those drawing with the reed of a writer.

NET Bible
They came from Ephraim, who uprooted Amalek, they follow after you, Benjamin, with your soldiers. From Makir leaders came down, from Zebulun came the ones who march carrying an officer's staff.

New Heart English Bible
From Ephraim those who uprooted Amalek came out, following you, Benjamin, among your peoples; out of Makir leaders came down, and out of Zebulun those that handle the staff of office.

World English Bible
Those whose root is in Amalek came out of Ephraim, after you, Benjamin, among your peoples. Governors come down out of Machir. Those who handle the marshal's staff came out of Zebulun.

Young's Literal Translation
Out of Ephraim their root is against Amalek. After thee, Benjamin, among thy peoples. Out of Machir came down lawgivers, And out of Zebulun those drawing with the reed of a writer.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Song of Deborah and Barak
13Then the survivors came down to the nobles; the people of the LORD came down to me against the mighty. 14Some came from Ephraim, with their roots in Amalek; Benjamin came with your people after you. The commanders came down from Machir, the bearers of the marshal’s staff from Zebulun. 15The princes of Issachar were with Deborah, and Issachar was with Barak, rushing into the valley at his heels. In the clans of Reuben there was great indecision.…

Cross References
Judges 5:13
Then the survivors came down to the nobles; the people of the LORD came down to me against the mighty.

Judges 12:15
Then Abdon son of Hillel, from Pirathon, died, and he was buried at Pirathon in Ephraim, in the hill country of the Amalekites.

Psalm 68:27
There is Benjamin, the youngest, ruling them, the princes of Judah in their company, the princes of Zebulun and of Naphtali.

Hosea 5:8
Blow the ram's horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah; raise the battle cry in Beth-aven: Lead on, O Benjamin!


Treasury of Scripture

Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after you, Benjamin, among your people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

of Ephraim

Judges 3:27
And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.

Judges 4:5,6
And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment…

Amalek

Judges 3:13
And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.

Exodus 17:8-16
Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim…

after

Judges 4:10,14
And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him…

Machir

Numbers 32:39,40
And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorite which was in it…

Handle the pen.









(14) Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek.--The LXX. and Vulgate render it, "Ephraim uprooted them in Amalek." But the meaning seems to be, "Out of Ephraim (came down to the battle) those whose root is in Amalek," or, "among the Amalekites." Ephraim had firmly rooted himself (comp. Isaiah 27:6; Psalm 80:10) in the country which had been the stronghold of the Amalekites. (See Judges 12:15.)

After thee, Benjamin, among thy people.--Ephraim is here addressed by a sudden change of person (comp. Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 42:20. &c). After thee, O Ephraim, came down Benjamin, mingled with thy people. The forces of "little Benjamin" are overshadowed by, and almost lost in, the crowded ranks of its powerful neighbour-tribe. In after days Benjamin clung to the skirts of Judah, but at this period his fortunes were more allied with those of Ephraim. "After thee, Benjamin," seems to have become (perhaps from this allusion) a war-cry of the tribe (Hosea 5:8). . . .

Verse 14. - They who spring (whose root is) from Ephraim went against Amalek, following thee, O Benjamin, with thy people; from Manasseh (Machir, son of Manasseh, Genesis 50:23) came down governors (literally, lawgivers: cf. ver. 9), and out of Zebulun they that handle the baton of the commander, i.e. the military chiefs.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Some came from
מִנִּ֣י (min·nî)
Preposition
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

Ephraim,
אֶפְרַ֗יִם (’ep̄·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

with their roots
שָׁרְשָׁם֙ (šā·rə·šām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 8328: A root

in Amalek;
בַּעֲמָלֵ֔ק (ba·‘ă·mā·lêq)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6002: Amalek -- a descendant of Esau, also his posterity

Benjamin
בִנְיָמִ֖ין (ḇin·yā·mîn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1144: Benjamin -- 'son of the right hand', youngest son of Jacob, also the name of two other Israelites

came with your people
בַּֽעֲמָמֶ֑יךָ (ba·‘ă·mā·me·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

after you.
אַחֲרֶ֥יךָ (’a·ḥă·re·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's 310: The hind or following part

The commanders
מְחֹ֣קְקִ֔ים (mə·ḥō·qə·qîm)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 2710: To hack, engrave, to enact, prescribe

came down
יָֽרְדוּ֙ (yā·rə·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3381: To come or go down, descend

from
מִנִּ֣י (min·nî)
Preposition
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

Machir,
מָכִ֗יר (mā·ḵîr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4353: Machir -- two Israelites

the bearers
מֹשְׁכִ֖ים (mō·šə·ḵîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 4900: To draw, drag

of the marshal’s
סֹפֵֽר׃ (sō·p̄êr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5608: To count, recount, relate

staff
בְּשֵׁ֥בֶט (bə·šê·ḇeṭ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe

from Zebulun.
וּמִ֨זְּבוּלֻ֔ן (ū·miz·zə·ḇū·lun)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2074: Zebulun -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and their territory


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OT History: Judges 5:14 Those whose root is in Amalek came (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 5:13
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