Judges 4:6
New International Version
She sent for Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, "The LORD, the God of Israel, commands you: 'Go, take with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead them up to Mount Tabor.

New Living Translation
One day she sent for Barak son of Abinoam, who lived in Kedesh in the land of Naphtali. She said to him, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, commands you: Call out 10,000 warriors from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun at Mount Tabor.

English Standard Version
She sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali and said to him, “Has not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you, ‘Go, gather your men at Mount Tabor, taking 10,000 from the people of Naphtali and the people of Zebulun.

Berean Study Bible
She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, “Has not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you: ‘Go, and march to Mount Tabor, taking with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun?

New American Standard Bible
Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, "Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, 'Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

King James Bible
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

Christian Standard Bible
She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, "Hasn't the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you: 'Go, deploy the troops on Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the Naphtalites and Zebulunites?

Contemporary English Version
One day, Barak the son of Abinoam was in Kedesh in Naphtali, and Deborah sent word for him to come and talk with her. When he arrived, she said: I have a message for you from the LORD God of Israel! You are to get together an army of 10,000 men from the Naphtali and Zebulun tribes and lead them to Mount Tabor.

Good News Translation
One day she sent for Barak son of Abinoam from the city of Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, "The LORD, the God of Israel, has given you this command: 'Take ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun and lead them to Mount Tabor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, "Hasn't the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you: 'Go, deploy the troops on Mount Tabor, and take with you 10,000 men from the Naphtalites and Zebulunites?

International Standard Version
She sent word to Abinoam's son Barak from Kedesh-naphtali, summoning him. She asked him, "The LORD God of Israel has commanded you, hasn't he? He told you, 'Go out, march to Mount Tabor, and take 10,000 men with you from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun.

NET Bible
She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali. She said to him, "Is it not true that the LORD God of Israel is commanding you? Go, march to Mount Tabor! Take with you ten thousand men from Naphtali and Zebulun!

New Heart English Bible
She sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh Naphtali, and said to him, "Hasn't the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded, 'Go and draw to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Deborah summoned Barak, son of Abinoam, from Kedesh in Naphtali. She told him, "The LORD God of Israel has given you this order: 'Gather troops on Mount Tabor. Take 10,000 men from Naphtali and Zebulun with you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him: 'Hath not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded, saying: Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

New American Standard 1977
Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, “Behold, the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, ‘Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And she sent and called Barak, the son of Abinoam, out of Kedesh of Naphtali and said unto him, Has not the LORD God of Israel commanded thee, saying, Go and draw toward Mount Tabor and take with thee ten thousand men of the sons of Naphtali and of the sons of Zebulun?

King James 2000 Bible
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh in Naphtali, and said unto him, Has not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

American King James Version
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said to him, Has not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

American Standard Version
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not Jehovah, the God of Israel, commanded,'saying , Go and draw unto mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Debbora sent and called Barac the son of Abineem out of Cades Nephthali, and she said to him, Has not the Lord God of Israel commanded thee? and thou shalt depart to mount Thabor, and shalt take with thyself ten thousand men of the sons of Nephthali and of the sons of Zabulon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And she sent and called Barac the son of Abinoem out of Cedes in Nephtali: and she said to him: The Lord God of Israel hath commanded thee: Go, and lead an army to mount Thabor, and thou shalt take with thee ten thousand fighting men of the children of Nephtali, and of the children of Zabulon:

Darby Bible Translation
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-Naphtali, and said to him, Hath not Jehovah the God of Israel commanded? Go and draw towards mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun,

English Revised Version
Ands she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded, saying, Go and draw unto mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

Webster's Bible Translation
And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go, and draw towards mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali, and of the children of Zebulun?

World English Bible
She sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh Naphtali, and said to him, "Hasn't Yahweh, the God of Israel, commanded, 'Go and draw to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

Young's Literal Translation
And she sendeth and calleth for Barak son of Abinoam, out of Kedesh-Naphtali, and saith unto him, 'Hath not Jehovah, God of Israel, commanded? go, and thou hast drawn towards mount Tabor, and hast taken with thee ten thousand men, out of the sons of Naphtali, and out of the sons of Zebulun,
Study Bible
Deborah and Barak
5And she would sit under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, where the Israelites would go up to her for judgment. 6She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, “Has not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you: ‘Go, and march to Mount Tabor, taking with you ten thousand men of Naphtali and Zebulun? 7And I will draw out Sisera the commander of Jabin’s army, his chariots, and his troops to the River Kishon, and I will deliver him into your hands.’”…
Cross References
Hebrews 11:32
And what more shall I say? Time will not allow me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and the prophets,

Joshua 19:22
The border reached Tabor, Shahazumah, and Beth-shemesh, and ended at the Jordan. There were sixteen cities, along with their villages.

Judges 5:18
Zebulun was a people who risked their lives; Naphtali, too, on the heights of the battlefield.

Judges 6:35
Calling them to arms, Gideon sent messengers throughout Manasseh, as well as Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, so that they came up to meet him.

1 Samuel 12:11
So the LORD sent Jerubbaal, Barak, Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you from the hands of your enemies on every side, and you lived securely.

Psalm 89:12
North and south You created; Tabor and Hermon shout for joy at Your name.

Jeremiah 46:18
As surely as I live, declares the King, whose name is the LORD of Hosts, will come one like Tabor among the mountains and like Carmel by the sea.

Treasury of Scripture

And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said to him, Has not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

Barak

Judges 5:1
Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

Hebrews 11:32
And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:

Kedesh-naphtali

Joshua 19:32,37
The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families…

Joshua 21:32
And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Hammothdor with her suburbs, and Kartan with her suburbs; three cities.

Hath

Joshua 1:9
Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest.

Psalm 7:6
Arise, O LORD, in thine anger, lift up thyself because of the rage of mine enemies: and awake for me to the judgment that thou hast commanded.

Isaiah 13:2-5
Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles…

Tabor

Judges 8:18
Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king.

1 Samuel 10:3
Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:

Psalm 89:12
The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.

ten thousand

Judges 4:10
And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.

Judges 5:14-18
Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer…







Lexicon
She summoned
וַתִּשְׁלַ֗ח (wat·tiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

Barak
לְבָרָ֣ק (lə·ḇā·rāq)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1301: Barak -- 'flash of lightning', an Israelite leader

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Abinoam
אֲבִינֹ֔עַם (’ă·ḇî·nō·‘am)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 42: Abinoam -- 'my father is delight', the father of Barak

from Kedesh
מִקֶּ֖דֶשׁ (miq·qe·ḏeš)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6943: Kedesh -- 'sanctuary', the name of several places in Israel

in Naphtali
נַפְתָּלִ֑י (nap̄·tā·lî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5321: Naphtali -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and the district settled by them

and said
וַתֹּ֨אמֶר (wat·tō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to him,
אֵלָ֜יו (’ê·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

“Has not
הֲלֹ֥א (hă·lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

the LORD,
יְהוָ֣ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

the God
אֱלֹהֵֽי־ (’ĕ·lō·hê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

commanded you:
צִוָּ֣ה ׀ (ṣiw·wāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6680: To lay charge (upon), give charge (to), command, order

‘Go,
לֵ֤ךְ (lêḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

and march
וּמָֽשַׁכְתָּ֙ (ū·mā·šaḵ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4900: To draw, drag

to Mount
בְּהַ֣ר (bə·har)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

Tabor,
תָּב֔וֹר (tā·ḇō·wr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8396: Tabor -- a mountain Southwest of the Sea of Galilee

taking
וְלָקַחְתָּ֣ (wə·lā·qaḥ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

with you
עִמְּךָ֗ (‘im·mə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

ten
עֲשֶׂ֤רֶת (‘ă·śe·reṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten

thousand
אֲלָפִים֙ (’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Number - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

men
אִ֔ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

of Naphtali
נַפְתָּלִ֖י (nap̄·tā·lî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5321: Naphtali -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and the district settled by them

and Zebulun?
זְבֻלֽוּן׃ (zə·ḇu·lūn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2074: Zebulun -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and their territory
(6) Barak.--The name means "lightning" (Jos., Antt.), as does Barca, the family name of Hannibal and Hasdrubal. So in Virgil, the Scipios are called "two lightnings of war." (Comp. Boanerges, Mark 3:17.)

Kedesh-naphtali.--The name "Kedesh" means a holy city. There were, therefore, many towns of the name, as Kadesh-Barnea (Numbers 20:1; Joshua 15:23), and Kedesh in Issachar (Joshua 12:22). Jerusalem is called "the holy, the noble" (El kuds, es shereef). This sanctuary of Naphtali was a Levitical refuge city in Galilee (Joshua 19:35; Joshua 20:7; Joshua 21:32). Josephus says that it was not far from Ph?nicia (Jos., Antt. xiii. 5, ? 6). The site of it is probably at Kades, four miles north-west of Lake Merom. The reading of the Syriac and Arabic versions here--Rakam--is inexplicable. The fact that the fame of Barak had penetrated from the northern city to the southern limits of Ephraim shows that he must have been a man of great mark.

Draw.--The meaning of the word is uncertain. The Rabbis understand "the people," others understand "thy steps," referring to Genesis 37:21; Exodus 12:21 (Heb.). The LXX. has "thou shalt depart;" the Vulgate, "lead;" the Chaldee, "spread out," as in Judges 20:37. There, however, our version gives in the margin the alternative "made a long sound with the trumpet," and the verb is used in that sense in Exodus 19:13; Joshua 6:5, but there the substantive is added. The word probably implies that Barak is to draw his troops together in small contingents to prevent suspicion.

Mount Tabor.--The broad flat top of this strong, beautiful, and easily fortified mountain (which is nearly a mile in circumference) would serve the double purpose of a watch-post and a stronghold. It was in the district of Issachar, about six miles from Nazareth, and its peculiarities attracted notice in very early days (see Joshua 19:22; Psalm 89:12; Jeremiah 46:18). Josephus calls it Itaburion; he held it for some time successfully against Placidus and the Romans (Jos., B. J. iv. 1, ? 8). Its huge truncated cone of limestone rises isolated from the plain to the height of nearly nineteen hundred feet, and its sides are clothed with oaks and terebinths. It is now called Jebel et Tur. It was long regarded as the scene of the Transfiguration, but it must yield this glory to Mount Hermon. But the sacred character of the hill seems to be distinctly intimated in Deuteronomy 33:19 : "They (Zebulon and Issachar) shall call the people unto the mountains; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness;" Jeremiah 46:18 : "As I live, saith the King, whose name is the Lord of Hosts, surely as Tabor is among the mountains . . . so shall he come."

Of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun.--The northern tribes would feel most painfully the tyranny of Jabin, and these were the two most energetic of them.

Verse 6. - Kedesh-naphtali, i.e. Kedesh in the tribe of Naphtali (Joshua 19:37), as distinguished from Kedesh in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:23), and others. It still keeps the name of Kades, and lies four miles north-west of Lake Huleh. There are numerous ancient remains. Hath not the Lord, etc. She sneaks as "a prophetess" announcing God s commands, not her own opinions; declaring God's promises, not merely her own hopes or wishes. 4:4-9 Deborah was a prophetess; one instructed in Divine knowledge by the inspiration of the Spirit of God. She judged Israel as God's mouth to them; correcting abuses, and redressing grievances. By God's direction, she ordered Barak to raise an army, and engage Jabin's forces. Barak insisted much upon her presence. Deborah promised to go with him. She would not send him where she would not go herself. Those who in God's name call others to their duty, should be ready to assist them in it. Barak values the satisfaction of his mind, and the good success of his enterprise, more than mere honour.
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Alphabetical: Abinoam and Barak Behold commanded commands for from Go God has him in Israel Kedesh Kedesh-naphtali lead LORD march men Mount Naphtali Now of said sent She son sons summoned Tabor take ten The thousand to way with you Zebulun

OT History: Judges 4:6 She sent and called Barak the son (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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