1 Samuel 14:27
New International Version
But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb. He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

New Living Translation
But Jonathan had not heard his father's command, and he dipped the end of his stick into a piece of honeycomb and ate the honey. After he had eaten it, he felt refreshed.

English Standard Version
But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath, so he put out the tip of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes became bright.

Berean Study Bible
Jonathan, however, had not heard that his father had charged the people with the oath. So he reached out the end of the staff in his hand, dipped it into the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes brightened.

New American Standard Bible
But Jonathan had not heard when his father put the people under oath; therefore, he put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

King James Bible
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

Christian Standard Bible
However, Jonathan had not heard his father make the troops swear the oath. He reached out with the end of the staff he was carrying and dipped it into the honeycomb. When he ate the honey, he had renewed energy.

Contemporary English Version
Jonathan did not know about Saul's warning to the soldiers. So he dipped the end of his walking stick in the honey and ate some with his fingers. He felt stronger and more alert.

Good News Translation
But Jonathan had not heard his father threaten the people with a curse; so he reached out with the stick he was carrying, dipped it in a honeycomb, and ate some honey. At once he felt much better.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
However, Jonathan had not heard his father make the troops swear the oath. He reached out with the end of the staff he was carrying and dipped it into the honeycomb. When he ate the honey, he had renewed energy.

International Standard Version
But Jonathan had not heard that his father had required the army to swear an oath, so he stretched out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. He brought it back to his mouth and his eyes brightened.

NET Bible
But Jonathan had not heard about the oath his father had made the army take. He extended the end of his staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. When he ate it, his eyes gleamed.

New Heart English Bible
But Jonathan did not hear when his father commanded the people with the oath, so he put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jonathan hadn't heard that his father forced the troops to take an oath. So he stretched out the tip of the staff he had in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. When he put it to his mouth, his eyes lit up.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath; and he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes brightened.

New American Standard 1977
But Jonathan had not heard when his father put the people under oath; therefore, he put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But Jonathan had not heard when his father charged the people with the oath, therefore, he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes were enlightened.

King James 2000 Bible
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: therefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were brightened.

American King James Version
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: why he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

American Standard Version
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people; and he reached forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, an dipped it into the honeycomb, and returned his hand to his mouth, and his eyes recovered their sight.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people: and he put forth the end of the rod, which he had in his hand, and dipt it in a honeycomb: and he carried his hand to his mouth, and his eyes were enlightened.

Darby Bible Translation
But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people; and he put forth the end of his staff which was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes became bright.

English Revised Version
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

Webster's Bible Translation
But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in a honey-comb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

World English Bible
But Jonathan didn't hear when his father commanded the people with the oath: therefore he put forth the end of the rod who was in his hand, and dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan hath not heard of his father's adjuring the people, and putteth forth the end of the rod, which is in his hand, and dippeth it in the honeycomb, and bringeth back his hand unto his mouth -- and his eyes see!
Study Bible
Jonathan Eats the Honey
26And when they entered the forest and saw the flowing honey, not one of them put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath. 27Jonathan, however, had not heard that his father had charged the people with the oath. So he reached out the end of the staff in his hand, dipped it into the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes brightened. 28Then one of the soldiers told him, “Your father bound the troops with a solemn oath, saying, ‘Cursed is the man who eats food today.’ That is why the people are faint.”…
Cross References
1 Samuel 14:28
Then one of the soldiers told him, "Your father bound the troops with a solemn oath, saying, 'Cursed is the man who eats food today.' That is why the people are faint."

1 Samuel 14:43
"Tell me what you have done," Saul commanded him. So Jonathan told him, "I only tasted a little honey with the end of the staff that was in my hand. And now I must die?"

1 Samuel 30:12
a piece of a fig cake and two clusters of raisins. So he ate and was revived, for he had not had any food or water for three days and three nights.

Treasury of Scripture

But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: why he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

his eyes

1 Samuel 14:29
Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.

1 Samuel 30:12
And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

Proverbs 25:26
A righteous man falling down before the wicked is as a troubled fountain, and a corrupt spring.







Lexicon
Jonathan, however,
וְיוֹנָתָ֣ן (wə·yō·w·nā·ṯān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3129: Jonathan

had not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

heard that
שָׁמַ֗ע (šā·ma‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

his father
אָבִיו֮ (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

{had charged} the people
הָעָם֒ (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

with the oath.
בְּהַשְׁבִּ֣יעַ (bə·haš·bî·a‘)
Preposition-b | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7650: To seven oneself, swear

So he reached out
וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

the end
קְצֵ֤ה (qə·ṣêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7097: End, extremity

of the staff
הַמַּטֶּה֙ (ham·maṭ·ṭeh)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4294: A staff, rod, shaft, branch, a tribe

in his hand,
בְּיָד֔וֹ (bə·yā·ḏōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

dipped
וַיִּטְבֹּ֥ל (way·yiṭ·bōl)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2881: To dip, to immerse

it into the honeycomb,
בְּיַעְרַ֣ת (bə·ya‘·raṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3295: A copse of bushes, a forest, honey in the comb

and put
וַיָּ֤שֶׁב (way·yā·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

his hand
יָדוֹ֙ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

his mouth;
פִּ֔יו (pîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to

and his eyes
עֵינָֽיו׃ (‘ê·nāw)
Noun - cdc | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain

brightened.
וַתָּאֹ֖רְנָה (wat·tā·’ō·rə·nāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see
(27) He put forth the end of the rod.--Most likely, with the point of his staff took up a piece of the honeycomb. Jonathan in that hurried battle and pursuit had heard nothing of his father's rash oath, and was, no doubt, owing to his exertions in the earlier part of that eventful day, worn out with fatigue and hunger.

And his eyes were enlightened.--This simply means that the natural dimness caused by extreme exhaustion passed away when his long fast was broken; literally, his eyes became bright. Hence the Talmud comments: "Whoever suffers from the effects of intense hunger, let him eat honey and other sweet things, for such eatables are efficacious in restoring the light of one's eyes . . . Thus we read of Jonathan, "See, I pray you, how my eyes have been enlightened because I tasted a little of this honey" (1Samuel 14:27).--Treatise Yoma, fol. 83, Colossians 2.

Verse 27. - Jonathan, who had not been present when his father charged the people with the oath, - literally, "made the people swear," - dipped the end of his staff hastily, so as not to hinder the pursuit, in an honeycomb - Hebrew, "into the honey wood," i.e. into the hollow branch or trunk out of which the honey was flowing (but see Song of Solomon 5:1). His eyes were enlightened. I.e. made bright and clear, the dimness caused by excessive weariness having passed away. But this is a correction made by the Jews (kri), and the written text (c'tib) has "his eyes saw," which is more forcible and poetic. When the A.V. was made the kri was supposed to be authoritative, but most modern commentators have come to the opposite conclusion. 14:24-35 Saul's severe order was very unwise; if it gained time, it lost strength for the pursuit. Such is the nature of our bodies, that daily work cannot be done without daily bread, which therefore our Father in heaven graciously gives. Saul was turning aside from God, and now he begins to build altars, being then most zealous, as many are, for the form of godliness when he was denying the power of it.
Jump to Previous
Adjuring Bound Bright Brightened Charge Charged Commanded Dipped End Enlightened Eyes Hand Hear Heard Honey Honeycomb Honey-Comb Jonathan Mouth Oath Raised Reached Rod Staff Stretching Tip Wherefore
Jump to Next
Adjuring Bound Bright Brightened Charge Charged Commanded Dipped End Enlightened Eyes Hand Hear Heard Honey Honeycomb Honey-Comb Jonathan Mouth Oath Raised Reached Rod Staff Stretching Tip Wherefore
Links
1 Samuel 14:27 NIV
1 Samuel 14:27 NLT
1 Samuel 14:27 ESV
1 Samuel 14:27 NASB
1 Samuel 14:27 KJV

1 Samuel 14:27 Bible Apps
1 Samuel 14:27 Biblia Paralela
1 Samuel 14:27 Chinese Bible
1 Samuel 14:27 French Bible
1 Samuel 14:27 German Bible

Alphabetical: and bound brightened But dipped end eyes father had hand he heard his honeycomb in into it Jonathan mouth not oath of out people put raised reached so staff that the therefore to under was when with

OT History: 1 Samuel 14:27 But Jonathan didn't hear when his father (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Samuel 14:26
Top of Page
Top of Page