1 Samuel 29:2
New International Version
As the Philistine rulers marched with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were marching at the rear with Achish.

New Living Translation
As the Philistine rulers were leading out their troops in groups of hundreds and thousands, David and his men marched at the rear with King Achish.

English Standard Version
As the lords of the Philistines were passing on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were passing on in the rear with Achish,

Berean Study Bible
As the Philistine leaders marched out their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men marched behind them with Achish.

New American Standard Bible
And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.

King James Bible
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

Christian Standard Bible
As the Philistine leaders were passing in review with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review behind them with Achish.

Good News Translation
The five Philistine kings marched out with their units of a hundred and of a thousand men; David and his men marched in the rear with King Achish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As the Philistine leaders were passing in review with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review behind them with Achish.

International Standard Version
The Philistine leaders were passing in review among the military units, and David and his men were among them in the rear with Achish.

NET Bible
When the leaders of the Philistines were passing in review at the head of their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were passing in review in the rear with Achish.

New Heart English Bible
The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Philistine leaders were marching by with their companies and regiments. David and his men were marching in the rear with Achish.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

New American Standard 1977
And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as the cardinals of the Philistines reviewed their companies of hundreds and of thousands, David and his men were in the rear with Achish.

King James 2000 Bible
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

American King James Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear guard with Achish.

American Standard Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the lords of the Philistines marched with their hundreds and their thousands: but David and his men were in the rear with Achis.

Darby Bible Translation
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

English Revised Version
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

World English Bible
The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.

Young's Literal Translation
and the princes of the Philistines are passing on by hundreds, and by thousands, and David and his men are passing on in the rear with Achish.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Philistines Reject David
1Now the Philistines brought all their forces together at Aphek, while Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel. 2As the Philistine leaders marched out their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men marched behind them with Achish. 3The commanders of the Philistines asked, “What about these Hebrews?” Achish replied, “Is this not David, the servant of King Saul of Israel? He has been with me all these days, even years, and from the day he defected until today I have found no fault in him.”…
Cross References
Numbers 10:25
Finally, the divisions of the camp of Dan set out, under their banner, serving as the rear guard for all units, with Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai in command.

1 Samuel 28:1
Now in those days the Philistines gathered their forces for war, to fight against Israel. So Achish said to David, "You must understand that you and your men will accompany me in the army."

1 Samuel 28:2
David replied, "Then you will come to know what your servant can do." "Very well," said Achish. "I will make you my bodyguard for life."

1 Chronicles 12:19
Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, "It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.")

Treasury of Scripture

And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear guard with Achish.

the lords

1 Samuel 29:6,7 Then Achish called David, and said to him, Surely, as the LORD lives, …

1 Samuel 5:8-11 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines …

1 Samuel 6:4 Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall …

Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even to the borders of Ekron northward, …

but David

1 Samuel 28:1,2 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered …







Lexicon
As the Philistine
פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

leaders
וְסַרְנֵ֤י (wə·sar·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5633: An axle, a peer

marched out
עֹֽבְרִ֔ים (‘ō·ḇə·rîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

their units of hundreds
לְמֵא֖וֹת (lə·mê·’ō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Number - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3967: A hundred

and thousands,
וְלַאֲלָפִ֑ים (wə·la·’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Number - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

David
וְדָוִ֣ד (wə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

and his men
וַאֲנָשָׁ֗יו (wa·’ă·nā·šāw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

marched
עֹֽבְרִ֛ים (‘ō·ḇə·rîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

behind them
בָּאַחֲרֹנָ֖ה (bā·’a·ḥă·rō·nāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 314: Hinder, late, last, western

with
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

Achish.
אָכִֽישׁ׃ (’ā·ḵîš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 397: Achish -- king of Gath
(2) And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands.--The orderly advance of this great military nation is thus described. The "lords" a different term to the expression "princes." There were apparently in the Philistine federation five sovereign princes, of whom Achish of Gath was one. Beneath these were other chieftains, who seemingly had great control over the sovereign princes.

David and his men.--David, in return for the lands round Ziklag given him by the King of Gath, seems to have owed a kind of military service to his suzerain Achish. The difference in the arms and equipment of the Israelitish warriors in the division of David, which was marching under the standard of Gath, no doubt excited questions. The general appearance of the Hebrews was, of course, well known to their hereditary Philistine foes.

Verses 2, 3. - The lords of the Philistines passed on. Evidently they were on their march northward, with their troops arranged in divisions, when David's presence in the rearward with the contingent of Achish was noticed. The princes - not the strict word for the Philistine lords (see on 1 Samuel 5:8), but a loose, general term used again in ver. 4 - on having it reported to them in the course of a day or two that there was a body of strange troops in the army of Gath, asked, What do these Hebrews here? Hebrew, "What these Hebrews?" i.e. What mean these Hebrews? using of them the ordinary Philistine term of contempt. Achish answers that these men were the followers of David, who, having deserted from Saul, had been with him these days or these years, i.e. an indefinitely long time, during which he had conducted himself with the utmost fidelity to his new master. 29:1-5 David waited with a secret hope that the Lord would help him out of his difficulty. But he seems to have been influenced too much by the fear of man, in consenting to attend Achish. It is hard to come near to the brink of sin, and not to fall in. God inclined the princes of the Philistines to oppose David's being employed in the battle. Thus their dislike befriended him, when no friend could do him such a kindness.
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Alphabetical: Achish and As at by David his hundreds in lords marched marching men of on Philistine Philistines proceeding rear rulers the their thousands units were with

OT History: 1 Samuel 29:2 The lords of the Philistines passed (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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