1 Samuel 29:8
New International Version
"But what have I done?" asked David. "What have you found against your servant from the day I came to you until now? Why can't I go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

New Living Translation
“What have I done to deserve this treatment?” David demanded. “What have you ever found in your servant, that I can’t go and fight the enemies of my lord the king?”

English Standard Version
And David said to Achish, “But what have I done? What have you found in your servant from the day I entered your service until now, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?”

Berean Study Bible
“But what have I done?” David replied. “What have you found against your servant, from the day I came to you until today, to keep me from going along to fight against the enemies of my lord the king?”

New American Standard Bible
David said to Achish, "But what have I done? And what have you found in your servant from the day when I came before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

King James Bible
And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

Christian Standard Bible
"But what have I done?" David replied to Achish. "From the first day I entered your service until today, what have you found against your servant to keep me from going to fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

Contemporary English Version
"But what have I done?" David asked. "Do you know of anything I've ever done that would keep me from fighting the enemies of my king?"

Good News Translation
David answered, "What have I done wrong, sir? If, as you say, you haven't found any fault in me since the day I started serving you, why shouldn't I go with you, my master and king, and fight your enemies?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"But what have I done?" David replied to Achish. "From the first day I was with you until today, what have you found against your servant to keep me from going along to fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

International Standard Version
David told Achish, "What have I done, and what have you found in your servant from the time I came before you until this very moment, that I shouldn't go out and fight the enemies of your majesty?"

NET Bible
But David said to Achish, "What have I done? What have you found in your servant from the day that I first came into your presence until the present time, that I shouldn't go and fight the enemies of my lord the king?"

New Heart English Bible
David said to Achish, "But what have I done? What have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"What have I done?" David asked Achish. "What have you learned about me from the time I came to you until now? Why shouldn't I fight your enemies, Your Majesty?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David said unto Achish: 'But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been before thee unto this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?'

New American Standard 1977
And David said to Achish, “But what have I done? And what have you found in your servant from the day when I came before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David replied unto Achish, But what have I done? And what hast thou found in thy slave so long as I have been with thee unto this day that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

King James 2000 Bible
And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what have you found in your servant so long as I have been with you unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

American King James Version
And David said to Achish, But what have I done? and what have you found in your servant so long as I have been with you to this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

American Standard Version
And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been before thee unto this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David said to Anchus, What have I done to thee? and what hast thou found in thy servant from the first day that I was before thee even until this day, that I should not come and war against the enemies of the lord my king?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David said to Achis: But what have I done, and what hast thou found in me thy servant, from the day that I have been in thy sight until this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

Darby Bible Translation
And David said to Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee to this day, that I should not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

English Revised Version
And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been before thee unto this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

Webster's Bible Translation
And David said to Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant, so long as I have been with thee to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king.

World English Bible
David said to Achish, "But what have I done? What have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"

Young's Literal Translation
And David saith unto Achish, 'But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant from the day that I have been before thee till this day -- that I go not in and have fought against the enemies of my lord the king?'
Study Bible
The Philistines Reject David
7Therefore now turn back and go in peace, and you will not be doing anything to displease the leaders of the Philistines.” 8“But what have I done?” David replied. “What have you found against your servant, from the day I came to you until today, to keep me from going along to fight against the enemies of my lord the king?” 9Achish replied, “I know that you are as pleasing in my sight as an angel of God. But the commanders of the Philistines have said, ‘He must not go into battle with us.’…
Cross References
1 Samuel 27:10
who would ask him, "What have you raided today?" And David would reply, "The Negev of Judah," or "The Negev of Jerahmeel," or "The Negev of the Kenites."

1 Samuel 29:7
Therefore now turn back and go in peace, and you will not be doing anything to displease the leaders of the Philistines."

Treasury of Scripture

And David said to Achish, But what have I done? and what have you found in your servant so long as I have been with you to this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

But what have

1 Samuel 12:3
Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.

1 Samuel 17:29
And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?

1 Samuel 20:8
Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?

with [heb] before

1 Samuel 28:2
And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.

2 Samuel 16:18,19
And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the LORD, and this people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide…

Psalm 34:13,14
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile…







Lexicon
“But
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

what
מֶ֤ה (meh)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

have I done?”
עָשִׂ֙יתִי֙ (‘ā·śî·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

David
דָּוִ֜ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

replied.
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“What
וּמַה־ (ū·mah-)
Conjunctive waw | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

have you found
מָּצָ֣אתָ (mā·ṣā·ṯā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

against your servant,
בְעַבְדְּךָ֔ (ḇə·‘aḇ·də·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

from the day
מִיּוֹם֙ (mî·yō·wm)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

I came
הָיִ֣יתִי (hā·yî·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

to you
לְפָנֶ֔יךָ (lə·p̄ā·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

until today,
עַ֖ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

to
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

keep me from
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

going along
אָבוֹא֙ (’ā·ḇō·w)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to fight
וְנִלְחַ֔מְתִּי (wə·nil·ḥam·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against the enemies
בְּאֹיְבֵ֖י (bə·’ō·yə·ḇê)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

of my lord
אֲדֹנִ֥י (’ă·ḏō·nî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 113: Sovereign, controller

the king?”
הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king
(8) And David said unto Achish, But what have I done?--David's words have a ring of falseness in them; he never contemplated fighting in the ranks against Israel, and yet he speaks thus. The generous confidence of the chivalrous Achish is here in painful contrast with the dissimulation of the Israelite chieftain, David.

It has been suggested that these suspicions of his loyalty on the part of the Philistine leaders had been aroused by David deliberately, in order to bring about his dismissal from the army in the field. This is possible, for the situation in which David now finds himself was most embarrassing from every point of view.

Verse 8. - David's answer is subtle and prevaricating; he pretends that his honour has been attacked, when really he had tricked the unsuspecting Achish. But truth is a modern virtue, and though David extols it in the Psalms (Psalm 15:2; Psalm 51:6), we too often find him practising falsehood. 29:6-11 David scarcely ever had a greater deliverance than when dismissed from such insnaring service. God's people should always behave themselves so, as, if possible, to get the good word of all they have dealings with: and it is due to those who have acted well, to speak well of them.
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Alphabetical: Achish against and asked before But came can't David day done enemies fight found from go have I in king lord may my not now of said servant that the this to until what when Why you your

OT History: 1 Samuel 29:8 David said to Achish But what have (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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