3898. lacham
Strong's Concordance
lacham: devour
Original Word: לָחַם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: lacham
Phonetic Spelling: (law-kham')
Definition: to fight, do battle
Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [לָחַם]171 verb fight, do battle (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el; ואלתחם MI11.15.19 perhaps = order the battle, compare NöZMG xl. 1886, 721; Arabic fit close together, so Late Hebrew לחם Pi`el, Syriac Pa`el unite, fit also threaten; GerberVerb. Denom. 59 thinks verb in Hebrew denominative from מִלְחָמָה battle-line, but dubious); —

Qal (poetry) only Imperative masculine singular and Participle active — fight, do battle with, rare, only Psalms, apparently later usage: — לְחַם אֶתלֹֿחֲמָ֑י Psalm 35:1 do battle with those battling with me (dubious whether את is accusative sign compare preposition with, compare Ol; "" רִיבָה אֶתיְֿרִיבַי); לֹחֲמִים לִי Psalm 56:3 doing battle against me; לֹחֵם Psalm 56:2 as substantive fighter.

Niph`al167 Perfect נִלְחַם Judges 9:17 +, וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֫ Judges 11:8; 1 Samuel 15:18, וְנִלְחַמְנוּ Deuteronomy 1:41 consecutive, etc.; Imperfect יִלָּהֵם Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:30; יִלָּ֫חֶם לָ֑נוּ Nehemiah 4:14, וַיִּלָּ֫חֶם Exodus 17:8 19t.; 3 feminine singular תִּלָּחֵם Zechariah 14:14; 3masculine plural תִּיִּלָּֽחֲמוּ Judges 1:5 13t.; suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִי Psalm 109:3; 2masculine plural תִּלָּֽחֲמוּ 1 Kings 22:31 4t.; תִּלָּֽחֲמוּן 1 Kings 12:24.; etc.; Imperative הִלָּחֵם Exodus 17:9; 1 Samuel 18:17; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ Judges 9:38; plural הִלָּֽחֲמוּ 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; Infinitive absolute נִלְחֹם Judges 11:25; construct הִלָּחֵם Judges 1:9 35t.; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ etc., Numbers 22:11 6t.; suffix הִלָּחֲמוֺ 2 Kings 8:29 3t.; Participle נִלְחָם Exodus 14:24 10t.; plural נִלְחָמִים Joshua 10:25 10t. (but 1 Samuel 31:1 read rather נִלְחֲמוּ, so "" 1 Chronicles 10:1 We Klo Bu, compare Dr); — engage in battle (reciprocal), sometimes wage war (Joshua 10:5; Judges 11:5; 1 Kings 14:19; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Kings 6:8; 2 Kings 14:28 etc.), often with בְּ of enemy (60 t.) Exodus 1:10; Exodus 17:9,10; Numbers 21:23,26; Numbers 22:11 (all E), Judges 11:8,25; 1 Samuel 15:18; 2 Samuel 8:10 + (49 t.); less often with בְּ of city attacked or besieged Judges 9:45; 1 Samuel 23:1; 2 Samuel 12:26,27,29; Isaiah 20:1; Joshua 10:31 (D), 1 Kings 20:1; Nehemiah 4:2; of tower Judges 1:52; followed by בְּאַרְצִי Judges 11:12; also with עִם of enemy (26 t.): Judges 5:20; Judges 11:4,5,20; Joshua 11:5 (JE), 1 Samuel 13:5; 1 Samuel 17:19, also 1 Samuel 17:32,33 (of single combat), Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 9:2 (both D), 2 Kings 13:12; 2 Kings 14:15; 2Chronicles 11:1; 17:10; 27:5; Daniel 10:20; Daniel 11:11 +; with עִם of city Joshua 10:29 (D), Joshua 19:47 (JE); c אֶתֿ = with, of enemy, Joshua 24:8 (E), 1 Samuel 17:9 (single combat), Jeremiah 21:5; 1 Kings 20:23; 2 Kings 19:9 = Isaiah 37:9; Jeremiah 37:10; also Judges 12:4; 2 Samuel 11:17; 2 Samuel 21:15; 1 Kings 22:31; 2 Kings 8:2; 2 Kings 9:15; Jeremiah 21:4; Jeremiah 32:5; Jeremiah 33:5; 2Chronicles 18:30; 22:6, and with אוֺתָם (= אִתָּם) Joshua 10:25 (D), 1 Kings 20:25 (KöLgb. ii, 296); with עִל, against, of enemy only Jeremiah 21:2; elsewhere (16 t.) of city: Joshua 10:5 (JE), Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 12:18; 2 Kings 19:8 = Isaiah 37:8; especially D and Je: Deuteronomy 20:10,19; Joshua 10:34,36,38 (all D), Jeremiah 32:24,29; Jeremiah 34:1,7,8,22; with אֶלֿ of enemy Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20; with suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִי Psalm 109:3 and they have fought against me; with יָ֑חַד i.e. fight together = with (against) one another 1 Samuel 17:10; absolute with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִלְחָמוֺת fight battles 1 Samuel 8:20; 1 Samuel 18:17; 1 Samuel 25:28; 2Chronicles 32:8; absolute elsewhere Judges 5:19 (twice in verse); Judges 5:20; Deuteronomy 1:41; Zechariah 10:5 26t. + וַיָּסֻרוּ עָלָיו לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם 1 Kings 22:32; with עַל for, in behalf of, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; with לְ = id., Exodus 14:14 (J), Exodus 14:25 (J; + בְּ of enemy), Deuteronomy 1:30; Deuteronomy 3:22; Deuteronomy 20:4 (+ עִם of enemy, see above), Joshua 10:14,42; Joshua 23:3,10 (all D), Nehemiah 4:14 ׳יָכֹל לְהִלּ be able to fight, with את of enemy 1 Samuel 17:9, with בְּ of enemy Numbers 22:11, = be successful in fighting, prevail against; so with עַל of city Isaiah 7:1, and absolute 2 Kings 16:5 (after וַיָּצֻרוּ עָל besiege).

II. [לָחַם] verb use as food, eat, poetic (so Thes Buhl, compare Frä30 GuidiDella Sede 33; this would explain different between לֶחֶם and ; yet verb rare and chiefly late); —

Qal Perfect3plural לָֽחֲמוּ Proverbs 4:17; Imperfect2masculine singular תִּלְחַם Proverbs 23:6, 1singular אֶלְחַם Psalm 141:4; Imperative masculine plural לַחֲמוּ Proverbs 9:5; Infinitive construct לְחוֺם Proverbs 23:1; Passive participle plural construct לְחֻמֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; eat (mostly Proverbs), absolute Proverbs 23:1; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb לֶחֶם Proverbs 4:17; Proverbs 23:6; followed by בְּלַחְמִי Proverbs 9:5; followed by בְּמַנְעַמֵּיהֶם Psalm 141:4 eat of their dainties; לְחֻמֵי רֶשֶׁף Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem) eaten up with the Fire-bolt, figurative of pestilence (Dr).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
devour, eat, ever, fighting, overcome, prevail, make warring

A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively, to consume; by implication, to battle (as destruction) -- devour, eat, X ever, fight(-ing), overcome, prevail, (make) war(-ring).

Forms and Transliterations
אֶ֝לְחַ֗ם אלחם בְּהִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וֹ בהלחמו הִֽלָּחֲמ֖וֹ הִלָּחֵ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֥ם הַנִּלְחָמִ֣ים הַנִּלְחָמִים֙ הלחם הלחמו הנלחם הנלחמים וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֗וּ וְהִלָּ֥חֶם וְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וְנִ֨לְחֲמ֔וּ וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֖ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֤ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָה֙ וְנִלְחֲמ֖וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֣וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֥וּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְנוּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְתִּי וְנִלְחַ֖ם וְנִלְחַ֥ם וְנִלְחַם־ וְנִלְחַמְתִּ֤י וְנִלְחַמְתֶּֽם׃ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֖ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֣ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֥וּנִי וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ וַיִּלָּ֣חֶם וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם וַיִּלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֣וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֤וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֥וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֨וּ וּלְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וּלְחֻ֥מֵי והלחם והלחמו וילחם וילחמו וילחמוני ולהלחם ולחמי ונלחם ונלחם־ ונלחמה ונלחמו ונלחמנו ונלחמת ונלחמתי ונלחמתם׃ יִלָּ֥חֶם יִלָּחֵ֣ם ילחם לְ֝חַ֗ם לְֽהִלָּחֵ֧ם לְהִלָּ֣חֶם לְהִלָּ֥חֶם לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם לְהִלָּחֵ֗ם לְהִלָּחֵ֛ם לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם לְהִלָּחֵ֤ם לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם לְהִלָּחֵֽם־ לְהִלָּחֵֽם׃ לְהִלָּחֵם֙ לִלְח֣וֹם לַחֲמ֣וּ לָ֭חֲמוּ לֹֽחֲמָֽי׃ לֹחֲמִ֖ים לֹחֵ֥ם להלחם להלחם־ להלחם׃ לחם לחמו לחמי׃ לחמים ללחום נִלְחֲמ֖וּ נִלְחֲמ֣וּ נִלְחֲמ֥וּ נִלְחֲמוּ֙ נִלְחַ֔ם נִלְחַ֖ם נִלְחַ֗ם נִלְחַ֞ם נִלְחַ֣ם נִלְחַ֣מְתִּי נִלְחַ֤ם נִלְחַ֥ם נִלְחַם־ נִלְחָ֑ם נִלְחָ֑מוּ נִלְחָ֔ם נִלְחָ֔מוּ נִלְחָ֖ם נִלְחָ֣ם נִלְחָ֥ם נִלְחָמִ֖ים נִלְחָמִ֣ים נִלְחָמִ֥ים נִלְחָמִ֧ים נִלְחָמִים֙ נִלְחֹ֥ם נִלָּחֵ֤ם נלחם נלחם־ נלחמו נלחמים נלחמתי תִּלְחַ֗ם תִּלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִּלָּֽחֲמ֛וּ תִּלָּחֵ֖ם תִֽלָּחֲמ֛וּ תִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּן תלחם תלחמו תלחמון ’el·ḥam ’elḥam bə·hil·lā·ḥă·mōw behilLachaMo bəhillāḥămōw elCham han·nil·ḥā·mîm han·nil·ḥām hannilCham hannilchaMim hannilḥām hannilḥāmîm hil·lā·ḥă·mōw hil·lā·ḥêm hillachaMo hillaChem hillāḥămōw hillāḥêm la·ḥă·mū lā·ḥă·mū Lachamu laḥămū lāḥămū lə·ḥam lə·hil·lā·ḥem lə·hil·lā·ḥêm lə·hil·lā·ḥêm- leCham ləḥam lehillaChem ləhillāḥem ləhillāḥêm ləhillāḥêm- lil·ḥō·wm lilChom lilḥōwm lō·ḥă·māy lō·ḥă·mîm lō·ḥêm LochaMai lochaMim loChem lōḥămāy lōḥămîm lōḥêm nil·ḥā·mîm nil·ḥă·mū nil·ḥā·mū nil·ḥam nil·ḥām nil·ḥam- nil·ḥam·tî nil·ḥōm nil·lā·ḥêm nilCham nilchaMim nilChamti nilChamu nilChom nilḥam nilḥām nilḥam- nilḥāmîm nilḥamtî nilḥămū nilḥāmū nilḥōm nillaChem nillāḥêm til·ḥam til·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mūn til·lā·ḥêm tilCham tilḥam tilLachaMu tilLachaMun tillaChem tillāḥămū ṯillāḥămū ṯillāḥămūn tillāḥêm ū·lə·hil·lā·ḥêm ū·lə·ḥu·mê uleChumei ulehillaChem ūləhillāḥêm ūləḥumê vaiyillachaMu vaiyillachaMuni vaiyilLachem vehillachaMu vehilLachem venilcham venilChamnu venilchamTa venilchamTem venilChamti venilchaMu venillachaMah way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū·nî way·yil·lā·ḥem wayyillāḥămū wayyillāḥămūnî wayyillāḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥă·mū wə·hil·lā·ḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥêm wə·nil·ḥă·mū wə·nil·ḥam wə·nil·ḥam- wə·nil·ḥam·nū wə·nil·ḥam·tā wə·nil·ḥam·tem wə·nil·ḥam·tî wə·nil·lā·ḥă·māh wəhillāḥămū wəhillāḥem wəhillāḥêm wənilḥam wənilḥam- wənilḥamnū wənilḥamtā wənilḥamtem wənilḥamtî wənilḥămū wənillāḥămāh yil·lā·ḥem yil·lā·ḥêm yillaChem yillāḥem yillāḥêm
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Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Exodus 1:10
HEB: עַל־ שֹׂ֣נְאֵ֔ינוּ וְנִלְחַם־ בָּ֖נוּ וְעָלָ֥ה
NAS: hate us, and fight against us and depart
KJV: also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and [so] get them up
INT: and hate and fight and depart from

Exodus 14:14
HEB: יְהוָ֖ה יִלָּחֵ֣ם לָכֶ֑ם וְאַתֶּ֖ם
NAS: The LORD will fight for you while you keep silent.
KJV: The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.
INT: the LORD will fight you keep

Exodus 14:25
HEB: כִּ֣י יְהוָ֔ה נִלְחָ֥ם לָהֶ֖ם בְּמִצְרָֽיִם
NAS: for the LORD is fighting for them against the Egyptians.
KJV: for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.
INT: for the LORD is fighting Egyptian

Exodus 17:8
HEB: וַיָּבֹ֖א עֲמָלֵ֑ק וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם עִם־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל
NAS: came and fought against
KJV: Amalek, and fought with Israel
INT: came Amalek and fought against Israel

Exodus 17:9
HEB: אֲנָשִׁ֔ים וְצֵ֖א הִלָּחֵ֣ם בַּעֲמָלֵ֑ק מָחָ֗ר
NAS: for us and go out, fight against Amalek.
KJV: and go out, fight with Amalek:
INT: men and go fight Amalek Tomorrow

Exodus 17:10
HEB: לוֹ֙ מֹשֶׁ֔ה לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם בַּעֲמָלֵ֑ק וּמֹשֶׁה֙
NAS: told him, and fought against Amalek;
KJV: had said to him, and fought with Amalek:
INT: told Moses and fought Amalek and Moses

Numbers 21:1
HEB: דֶּ֖רֶךְ הָאֲתָרִ֑ים וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀
NAS: of Atharim, then he fought against Israel
KJV: of the spies; then he fought against Israel,
INT: the way of Atharim fought Israel and took

Numbers 21:23
HEB: וַיָּבֹ֖א יָ֑הְצָה וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
NAS: to Jahaz and fought against Israel.
KJV: to Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
INT: and came to Jahaz and fought Israel

Numbers 21:26
HEB: הִ֑וא וְה֣וּא נִלְחַ֗ם בְּמֶ֤לֶךְ מוֹאָב֙
NAS: who had fought against the former
KJV: of the Amorites, who had fought against the former
INT: who who had fought king of Moab

Numbers 22:11
HEB: אוּלַ֥י אוּכַ֛ל לְהִלָּ֥חֶם בּ֖וֹ וְגֵרַשְׁתִּֽיו׃
NAS: I may be able to fight against them and drive
KJV: me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out.
INT: perhaps may be able to fight and drive

Deuteronomy 1:30
HEB: לִפְנֵיכֶ֔ם ה֖וּא יִלָּחֵ֣ם לָכֶ֑ם כְּ֠כֹל
NAS: you will Himself fight on your behalf, just
KJV: before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did
INT: before will Himself fight as he

Deuteronomy 1:41
HEB: אֲנַ֤חְנוּ נַעֲלֶה֙ וְנִלְחַ֔מְנוּ כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־
NAS: we will indeed go up and fight, just
KJV: we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD
INT: we go and fight all manner after

Deuteronomy 1:42
HEB: תַֽעֲלוּ֙ וְלֹא־ תִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ כִּ֥י אֵינֶ֖נִּי
NAS: up nor fight, for I am not among
KJV: unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I [am] not among
INT: go otherwise fight for for

Deuteronomy 3:22
HEB: אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם ה֖וּא הַנִּלְחָ֥ם לָכֶֽם׃ ס
NAS: your God is the one fighting for you.'
KJV: your God he shall fight for you.
INT: your God he fighting

Deuteronomy 20:4
HEB: הַהֹלֵ֖ךְ עִמָּכֶ֑ם לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם לָכֶ֛ם עִם־
NAS: is the one who goes with you, to fight for you against
KJV: [is] he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies,
INT: goes against to fight against your enemies

Deuteronomy 20:10
HEB: אֶל־ עִ֔יר לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם עָלֶ֑יהָ וְקָרָ֥אתָ
NAS: a city to fight against
KJV: unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim
INT: about A city to fight against shall offer

Deuteronomy 20:19
HEB: יָמִ֨ים רַבִּ֜ים לְֽהִלָּחֵ֧ם עָלֶ֣יהָ לְתָפְשָׂ֗הּ
NAS: time, to make war against
KJV: time, in making war against it to take
INT: time A long to make against to capture

Deuteronomy 32:24
HEB: מְזֵ֥י רָעָ֛ב וּלְחֻ֥מֵי רֶ֖שֶׁף וְקֶ֣טֶב
NAS: by famine, and consumed by plague
KJV: with hunger, and devoured with burning heat,
INT: wasted famine and consumed plague destruction

Joshua 9:2
HEB: וַיִּֽתְקַבְּצ֣וּ יַחְדָּ֔ו לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם עִם־ יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ
NAS: accord to fight with Joshua
KJV: themselves together, to fight with Joshua
INT: gathered together to fight with Joshua

Joshua 10:5
HEB: עַל־ גִּבְע֔וֹן וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ עָלֶֽיהָ׃
NAS: by Gibeon and fought against
KJV: before Gibeon, and made war against it.
INT: against Gibeon and fought against

Joshua 10:14
HEB: כִּ֣י יְהוָ֔ה נִלְחָ֖ם לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ פ
NAS: for the LORD fought for Israel.
KJV: for the LORD fought for Israel.
INT: for the LORD fought Israel

Joshua 10:25
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַתֶּ֖ם נִלְחָמִ֥ים אוֹתָֽם׃
NAS: your enemies with whom you fight.
KJV: to all your enemies against whom ye fight.
INT: whom you fight

Joshua 10:29
HEB: מִמַּקֵּדָ֖ה לִבְנָ֑ה וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם עִם־ לִבְנָֽה׃
NAS: to Libnah, and fought against
KJV: with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah:
INT: Makkedah to Libnah and fought against Libnah

Joshua 10:31
HEB: וַיִּ֣חַן עָלֶ֔יהָ וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם בָּֽהּ׃
NAS: and they camped by it and fought against it.
KJV: and encamped against it, and fought against it:
INT: camped and and fought

Joshua 10:34
HEB: וַיַּחֲנ֣וּ עָלֶ֔יהָ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ עָלֶֽיהָ׃
NAS: and they camped by it and fought against
KJV: with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:
INT: camped against and fought against

177 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 3898
177 Occurrences


bə·hil·lā·ḥă·mōw — 3 Occ.
’el·ḥam — 1 Occ.
han·nil·ḥām — 3 Occ.
han·nil·ḥā·mîm — 3 Occ.
hil·lā·ḥă·mōw — 1 Occ.
hil·lā·ḥêm — 1 Occ.
lā·ḥă·mū — 2 Occ.
lə·ḥam — 1 Occ.
lə·hil·lā·ḥêm — 42 Occ.
lil·ḥō·wm — 1 Occ.
lō·ḥă·māy — 1 Occ.
lō·ḥă·mîm — 1 Occ.
lō·ḥêm — 1 Occ.
nil·ḥām — 23 Occ.
nil·ḥā·mîm — 8 Occ.
nil·ḥam·tî — 1 Occ.
nil·ḥā·mū — 7 Occ.
nil·ḥōm — 1 Occ.
nil·lā·ḥêm — 1 Occ.
til·ḥam — 1 Occ.
ṯil·lā·ḥă·mū — 6 Occ.
ṯil·lā·ḥă·mūn — 1 Occ.
til·lā·ḥêm — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·ḥu·mê — 1 Occ.
ū·lə·hil·lā·ḥêm — 1 Occ.
way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū — 15 Occ.
way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū·nî — 1 Occ.
way·yil·lā·ḥem — 20 Occ.
wə·hil·lā·ḥă·mū — 2 Occ.
wə·hil·lā·ḥem — 2 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥam- — 5 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥam·nū — 1 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥam·tā — 2 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥam·tem — 1 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥam·tî — 2 Occ.
wə·nil·ḥă·mū — 6 Occ.
wə·nil·lā·ḥă·māh — 4 Occ.
yil·lā·ḥêm — 3 Occ.










3897
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