Achish
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Achish

thus it is; how is this

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Achish

(angry), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. (B.C. 1061.) On the first occasion he was alarmed for his safety, feigned madness, and was sent away.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Achish

Kin of Gath, a city of the Philistines, to whom David twice fled for protection from Saul. On the first occasion, being recognized by the king's officers, and thinking his life in danger, he feigned madness, and by this device escaped, 1 Samuel 21:10. Several years after, he returned with a band of 600 men, and was welcomed by Achish as an enemy of Saul and of Israel. Achish gave him Ziklag for a residence; and being deceived as to the views and operations of David, expected his assistance in a war with Israel, but was persuaded by his officers to send him home to Ziklag, 1 Samuel 27:1-29:11.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Angry, perhaps only a general title of royalty applicable to the Philistine kings.

(1.) The king with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul (1 Samuel 21:10-15). He is called Abimelech in the superscription of Psalm 34. It was probably this same king to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors, and who assigned him Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding tribes (1 Samuel 27:5-12). Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Samuel 28:1, 2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to battle along with the Philistine hosts (1 Samuel 29:2-11). David remained with Achish a year and four months.

(2.) Another king of Gath, probably grandson of the foregoing, to whom the two servants of Shimei fled. This led Shimei to go to Gath in pursuit of them, and the consequence was that Solomon put him to death (1 Kings 2:39-46).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ACHISH

a'-kish ('akhish): King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father's name is given as Maoch (1 Samuel 27:2), and Maacah (1 Kings 2:39). David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1 Samuel 21:10-15). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal by Achish, he feigned madness. But this made him unwelcome, whereupon he fled to the Cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1). Later in his fugitive period David returned to Gath to be hospitably received by Achish (1 Samuel 27:1), who gave him the town of Ziklag for his home. A year later, when the Philistines invaded the land of Israel, in the campaign which ended so disastrously for Saul (1 Samuel 31), Achish wished David to participate (1 Samuel 28:1-2), but the lords of the Philistines objected so strenuously, when they found him and his men with the forces of Achish, that Achish was compelled to send them back. Achish must have been a young man at this time, for he was still ruling forty years later at the beginning of Solomon's reign (1 Kings 2:39). He is mentioned as Abimelech in the title of Psalm 34. See ABIMELECH.

Edward Mack

Strong's Hebrew
397. Akish -- king of Gath
... 396, 397. Akish. 398 . king of Gath. Transliteration: Akish Phonetic Spelling:
(aw-keesh') Short Definition: Achish. Word ... Achish. Of ...
/hebrew/397.htm - 5k
Library

Making the Best of Trouble
... for me in all the land of Israel; and so I will escape from him." David, therefore,
with the six hundred men who were with him went over to Achish, king of Gath ...
/.../sherman/the childrens bible/making the best of trouble.htm

A Song of Deliverance
... How unlike the true man was to what he appeared to be to Achish and his Philistines! ...
for man would swallow me up'"that is Achish and his Philistines. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture j/a song of deliverance 2.htm

The Bright Dawn of a Reign
... There he had been for over a year, during which he had won the regard of
Achish, the Philistine king of Gath. He had, at Achish's ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/the bright dawn of a.htm

The Exile Continued.
... It was an ugly sign that the servants of Achish should be quoting the words of the
chant of victory which extolled him as the slayer of their countryman. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/maclaren/the life of david/v the exilecontinued.htm

How David, when He had Twice the Opportunity of Killing Saul did ...
... Accordingly, he came with the six hundred men that were with him to Achish,
the king of Gath, which was one of their five cities. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 13 how david when.htm

The Statute of David for the Sharing of the Spoil
... David had so wrongfully entangled himself with the Philistine king, that
he felt bound to go with Achish to fight against Israel. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 37 1891/the statute of david for.htm

Now Saul Upon God's not Answering Him Concerning the Fight with ...
... attack the Hebrews. Then did Achish, the king of Gath, desire David to assist
them with his armed men against the Hebrews. This he ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 14 now saul upon.htm

Chapter xxvi
... for the Egyptian, finds definite support in the heading of Psalm 34, where Abimelech
is used as a title for the man who 1 Samuel 21:10-15 appears as Achish. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxvi.htm

The History of David
... For whilst David had been out with Achish the king, they of Amalek had been in Ziklag
and taken all that was therein prisoners, and robbed and carried away ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/the history of david.htm

Historical Criticism of MediƦval Amplifications.
... 20): and the simulated madness by which he evaded the call of the Episcopate is
apparently borrowed from the history of David's behavior before Achish and his ...
/.../v historical criticism of mediaeval amplifications.htm

Thesaurus
Achish (20 Occurrences)
...Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Samuel 28:1,
2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to ...
/a/achish.htm - 16k

A'chish (17 Occurrences)
A'chish. Achish, A'chish. Achitob . ... 1 Samuel 21:10 David arose, and fled that
day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. (See RSV). ...
/a/a'chish.htm - 11k

Gath (44 Occurrences)
... It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence of Goliath (1 Samuel
17:4). David fled from Saul to Achish, king of Gath (1 Samuel 21:10; 27:2-4; Psalm ...
/g/gath.htm - 26k

Ziklag (13 Occurrences)
... followers. Achish, the king, assigned him Ziklag as his place of residence.
There he dwelt for over a year and four months. From ...
/z/ziklag.htm - 13k

Maachah (19 Occurrences)
... (5.) The father of Achish, the king of Gath (1 Kings 2:39), called also Maoch (1
Samuel 27:2). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MAACAH; MAACHAH. ...
/m/maachah.htm - 16k

Maoch (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Compressed, the father of Achish, king of Gath (1 Samuel
27:2). Called also Maachah (1 Kings 2:39). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ...
/m/maoch.htm - 7k

Abimelech (63 Occurrences)
... This most authorities consider the more correct reading. (5.) Achish, king of
Gath, in the title of Psalm 34. (Comp. 1 Samuel 21:10-15.). Int. ...
/a/abimelech.htm - 36k

Reconciliation (11 Occurrences)
... On one occasion when the Philistines gathered together to battle against Israel,
David and his band of men accompanied Achish king of Gath to the muster-place. ...
/r/reconciliation.htm - 30k

Madness (13 Occurrences)
... Peter 2:16). David feigned madness (1 Samuel 21:13) at Gath because he "was
sore afraid of Achish.". Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n ...
/m/madness.htm - 17k

Bodyguard (23 Occurrences)
... 1 Samuel 28:2 David said to Achish, "Therefore you shall know what your servant
will do." Achish said to David, "Therefore will I make you my bodyguard for ever ...
/b/bodyguard.htm - 14k

Concordance
Achish (20 Occurrences)

1 Samuel 21:10
David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 21:11
The servants of Achish said to him, "Isn't this David the king of the land? Didn't they sing one to another about him in dances, saying,'Saul has slain his thousands, David his ten thousands?'"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 21:12
David laid up these words in his heart, and was very afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 21:14
Then said Achish to his servants, "Look, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me?
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:2
David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:3
David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:5
David said to Achish, "If now I have found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in one of the cities in the country, that I may dwell there. For why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:6
Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: why Ziklag pertains to the kings of Judah to this day.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:9
David struck the land, and saved neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the cattle, and the donkeys, and the camels, and the clothing; and he returned, and came to Achish.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:10
Achish said, "Against whom have you made a raid today?" David said, "Against the South of Judah, against the South of the Jerahmeelites, and against the South of the Kenites."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 27:12
Achish believed David, saying, "He has made his people Israel utterly to abhor him. Therefore he shall be my servant forever."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 28:1
It happened in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. Achish said to David, "Know assuredly that you shall go out with me in the army, you and your men."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 28:2
David said to Achish, "Therefore you shall know what your servant will do." Achish said to David, "Therefore will I make you my bodyguard for ever."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 29:2
The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 29:3
Then said the princes of the Philistines, "What about these Hebrews?" Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, "Isn't this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or rather these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell away to this day?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 29:6
Then Achish called David, and said to him, "As Yahweh lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight; for I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me to this day. Nevertheless, the lords don't favor you.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Samuel 29:8
David said to Achish, "But what have I done? What have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

1 Samuel 29:9
Achish answered David, "I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of God. Notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said,'He shall not go up with us to the battle.'
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Kings 2:39
It happened at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish, son of Maacah, king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, "Behold, your servants are in Gath."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 2:40
Shimei arose, and saddled his donkey, and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Achish

Achish: David Escapes To

Related Terms

A'chish (17 Occurrences)

Gath (44 Occurrences)

Ziklag (13 Occurrences)

Maachah (19 Occurrences)

Maoch (1 Occurrence)

Abimelech (63 Occurrences)

Reconciliation (11 Occurrences)

Madness (13 Occurrences)

Bodyguard (23 Occurrences)

Shim'ei (40 Occurrences)

Reconcile (10 Occurrences)

Thereby (42 Occurrences)

Kenites (8 Occurrences)

Commanders (93 Occurrences)

Philistines (224 Occurrences)

Maacah (30 Occurrences)

Sing (147 Occurrences)

Keeper (72 Occurrences)

Mad (22 Occurrences)

Princes (324 Occurrences)

Lords (63 Occurrences)

Fault (42 Occurrences)

Thousands (65 Occurrences)

Negeb (37 Occurrences)

Negev (39 Occurrences)

Shimei (43 Occurrences)

Appoint (114 Occurrences)

Favour (171 Occurrences)

Nevertheless (153 Occurrences)

Kenite (9 Occurrences)

Ken'ites (6 Occurrences)

Slaves (119 Occurrences)

Nabal's (7 Occurrences)

Nob (6 Occurrences)

Units (14 Occurrences)

Odious (9 Occurrences)

Jerah'meelites (2 Occurrences)

Jerahmeel (9 Occurrences)

Jerahmeelites (2 Occurrences)

Jizreelitess (5 Occurrences)

Jerahmeelite (1 Occurrence)

Jezreelitess (5 Occurrences)

Layeth (76 Occurrences)

Insane (10 Occurrences)

Fleeth (54 Occurrences)

Trusted (82 Occurrences)

Tens (17 Occurrences)

Raid (15 Occurrences)

Raiding (11 Occurrences)

Reliable (8 Occurrences)

Rearward (6 Occurrences)

Dances (8 Occurrences)

Deserted (54 Occurrences)

Marching (17 Occurrences)

Ma'acah (22 Occurrences)

Madman (8 Occurrences)

Ma'och (1 Occurrence)

Pushed (28 Occurrences)

Pertains (14 Occurrences)

Pertaineth (18 Occurrences)

Proceeding (18 Occurrences)

Belongeth (36 Occurrences)

Behaving (5 Occurrences)

Beard (23 Occurrences)

Carmelitess (2 Occurrences)

Campaign (3 Occurrences)

Country-town (1 Occurrence)

Achipha

Abhorred (31 Occurrences)

Ab'igail (16 Occurrences)

Assuredly (31 Occurrences)

Abhor (23 Occurrences)

Ahinoam (7 Occurrences)

Ahin'o-am (7 Occurrences)

Accompany (19 Occurrences)

Smaller (16 Occurrences)

Saddled (11 Occurrences)

Saddleth (5 Occurrences)

Shim'ei's (1 Occurrence)

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