1 Samuel 27:2
New International Version
So David and the six hundred men with him left and went over to Achish son of Maok king of Gath.

New Living Translation
So David took his 600 men and went over and joined Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

English Standard Version
So David arose and went over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Berean Study Bible
So David set out with his six hundred men and went to Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

King James Bible
And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

New King James Version
Then David arose and went over with the six hundred men who were with him to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

New American Standard Bible
So David set out and went over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

NASB 1995
So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

NASB 1977
So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Amplified Bible
So David and the six hundred men who were with him arose and crossed over to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Christian Standard Bible
So David set out with his six hundred men and went over to Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So David set out with his 600 men and went to Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath.

American Standard Version
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David arose and he passed by, he and the six hundred men who were with him to Akish son of Maaka, King of Gath

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So David arose, and the six hundred men that were with him, and he went to Anchus, son Ammach, king of Geth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David arose and went away, both he and the six hundred men that were with him, to Achis the son of Maoch, king of Geth.

English Revised Version
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Good News Translation
So David and his six hundred men went over at once to Achish son of Maoch, king of Gath.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So David went with his 600 men to King Achish of Gath, Moach's son.

International Standard Version
So David got up, and he and the 600 men who were with him went to Maoch's son Achish, the king of Gath.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Literal Standard Version
And David rises, and passes over, he and six hundred men who [are] with him, to Achish son of Maoch king of Gath;

NET Bible
So David left and crossed over to King Achish son of Maoch of Gath accompanied by his six hundred men.

New Heart English Bible
David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

World English Bible
David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

Young's Literal Translation
And David riseth, and passeth over, he and six hundred men who are with him, unto Achish son of Maoch king of Gath;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David and the Philistines
1David, however, said to himself, “One of these days now I will be swept away by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than to escape to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will stop searching for me all over Israel, and I will slip out of his hand.” 2So David set out with his six hundred men and went to Achish son of Maoch, the king of Gath. 3David and his men settled in Gath with Achish. Each man had his family with him, and David had his two wives: Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail of Carmel, the widow of Nabal.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 21:10
That day David fled from Saul and went to Achish king of Gath.

1 Samuel 25:13
And David said to his men, "Strap on your swords!" So David and all his men put on their swords, and about four hundred men followed David, while two hundred stayed with the supplies.

1 Samuel 30:9
So David and his six hundred men went to the Brook of Besor, where some stayed behind

1 Kings 2:39
After three years, however, two of Shimei's slaves ran away to Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. And Shimei was told, "Look, your slaves are in Gath."

1 Chronicles 12:1
Now these were the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still banished from the presence of Saul son of Kish (they were among the mighty men who helped him in battle;


Treasury of Scripture

And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

the six

1 Samuel 25:13
And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.

1 Samuel 30:8
And David inquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.

Achish

1 Samuel 21:10
And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.

1 Kings 2:40
And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.









(2) The six hundred men.--This was the original number. They still formed the nucleus of the force, but the total number was now far larger. These "six hundred" had each their households, besides which, many a group of warriors, large and small, had already joined the now renowned standard of the future king.

Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.--The same, we believe, as that Achish to whom David fled before (see 1Samuel 21:11), and identical with Achish, son of Maachah (1Kings 2:39). This would involve the necessity of ascribing a fifty years' reign to this prince. (Such a lengthy reign is quite possible.) The whole of Philistia subsequently fell under King David's rule. It seems, however, that he permitted, even after the conquest, Achish to remain in his old city of Gath, most likely as his tributary: thus, we may suppose, paying back the old debt of kindness to Achish.

Verses 2-4. - Achish, the son of Maoch. No doubt the Achish of 1 Samuel 21:10; but if the same as Achish, son of Maachah, in 1 Kings 2:39, as is probably the case, he must have lived to a good old age. As it is said in 1 Chronicles 18:1 that David conquered the Philistines, and took from them Gath and other towns, it would seem that he still permitted Achish to remain there as a tributary king, while Ziklag he kept as his private property (ver. 6). On the former occasion,. when David was alone, Achish had paid him but scant courtesy; but now that he came with 600 warriors, each with his household, and, therefore, with numerous followers, he shows him every respect, and for the time David and his men settle at Gath, and Saul gives over his pursuit, knowing that if he followed him into Philistine territory he would provoke a war, for which he was not now prepared. It has been pointed out that David probably introduced from Gath the style of music called Gittith (Psalm 8, 81, 84, titles). ACHISH ASSIGNS ZIKLAG TO DAVID AS A RESIDENCE (vers. 5-7).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So David
דָּוִ֔ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

set out
וַיָּ֣קָם (way·yā·qām)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

with
עִמּ֑וֹ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

his six
וְשֵׁשׁ־ (wə·šêš-)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's 8337: Six (a cardinal number)

hundred
מֵא֥וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's 3967: A hundred

men
אִ֖ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

and went
וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ר (way·ya·‘ă·ḇōr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Achish
אָכִ֥ישׁ (’ā·ḵîš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 397: Achish -- king of Gath

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Maoch,
מָע֖וֹךְ (mā·‘ō·wḵ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4582: Maoch -- a Philistine

the king
מֶ֥לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

of Gath.
גַּֽת׃ (gaṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1661: Gath -- 'wine press', a Philistine city


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OT History: 1 Samuel 27:2 David arose and passed over he (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 27:1
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