1 Kings 4:3
New International Version
Elihoreph and Ahijah, sons of Shisha--secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud--recorder;

New Living Translation
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were court secretaries. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the royal historian.

English Standard Version
Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Berean Study Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

New American Standard Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

King James Bible
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

Christian Standard Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha, secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud, court historian;

Good News Translation
The court secretaries: Elihoreph and Ahijah, sons of Shisha In charge of the records: Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha, secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud, court historian;

International Standard Version
Shisha's sons Elihoreph and Ahijah were his secretaries, Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was recorder,

NET Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, wrote down what happened. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records.

New Heart English Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Elihoreph] and [Ahijah], the sons of Shisha, were scribes. [Jehoshaphat], son of Ahilud, was the royal historian.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

New American Standard 1977
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes, Jehoshaphat, the son of Ahilud, writer of the chronicles;

King James 2000 Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

American King James Version
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

American Standard Version
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Eliaph, and Achia son of Seba, scribes; and Josaphat son of Achilud, recorder.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Elihoreph, and Ahia, the sons of Sisa, scribes: Josaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder:

Darby Bible Translation
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, chronicler;

English Revised Version
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

Webster's Bible Translation
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehosaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

World English Bible
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

Young's Literal Translation
Elihoreph and Ahiah sons of Shisha are scribes; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud is remembrancer;
Study Bible
Solomon's Princes
2and these were his chief officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest; 3Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder; 4Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;…
Cross References
1 Samuel 14:3
including Ahijah, who was wearing an ephod. He was the son of Ichabod's brother Ahitub son of Phinehas, the son of Eli the priest of the LORD in Shiloh. But the troops did not know that Jonathan had left.

2 Samuel 8:16
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the historian;

2 Samuel 20:23
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

2 Samuel 20:24
Adoniram was in charge of forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

Treasury of Scripture

Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

Shisha

2 Samuel 20:25
And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

Sheva

1 Chronicles 18:6
Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

Shavsha

2 Samuel 8:16
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

2 Samuel 20:24
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

1 Chronicles 18:15
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.







Lexicon
Elihoreph
אֱלִיחֹ֧רֶף (’ĕ·lî·ḥō·rep̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 456: Elihoreph -- 'God of autumn', one of Solomon's scribes

and Ahijah,
וַאֲחִיָּ֛ה (wa·’ă·ḥî·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 281: Ahijah -- 'brother of Yah', an Israelite name

the sons
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Shisha,
שִׁישָׁ֖א (šî·šā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7894: Shisha -- father of Solomon's scribes

[were] secretaries;
סֹפְרִ֑ים (sō·p̄ə·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5608: To count, recount, relate

Jehoshaphat
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט (yə·hō·wō·šā·p̄āṭ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3092: Jehoshaphat -- 'the LORD has judged', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Ahilud
אֲחִיל֖וּד (’ă·ḥî·lūḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 286: Ahilud -- 'child's brother', two Israelites

[was] the recorder;
הַמַּזְכִּֽיר׃ (ham·maz·kîr)
Article | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2142: To mark, to remember, to mention, to be male
(3) Sons of Shisha.--In 1Chronicles 18:16 "Shavsha," and in 2Samuel 20:25 "Sheva," is mentioned as the scribe of David. Probably these are variations of the same name, and the office may have become virtually hereditary. The "scribe," or (see Margin) "secretary," is constantly referred to as a high officer, issuing the king's edicts and letters, and acting in his name, like our "Secretaries of State."

Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud is named in 2Samuel 8:16; 2Samuel 20:24, and 1Chronicles 18:15 as having been under David also the "recorder" or "remembrancer"--probably the annalist who drew up and preserved the archives of the kingdom.

Verse 3. - Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha [probably the same person who is mentioned in 2 Samuel 20:25 as Sheva; in 2 Samuel 8:17, as Seraiah; and in 1 Chronicles 18:16, as Shavsha, David's scribe. The office thus descended from father to sons. The variations in this name are instructive. Compare Kishi and Kushaiah, Abijah and Abijam, Michaiah and Maachah, Absalom and Abishalom, etc. Names written ex ore dictantis are sure to differ. See below on ver. 12], scribes [the scribes, סֹפְדִים, were Secretaries of State: they wrote letters and proclamations, drew up edicts, and apparently kept the accounts (2 Kings 12:10). Their position in the list indicates their importance]; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder. [He held the same office under David, and is mentioned in all three lists (2 Samuel 8:17; 2 Samuel 20:25; 1 Chronicles 18:15). The recorder or "remembrancer" (marg.) was, perhaps, "chancellor" (Keil), or keeper of the king's conscience, rather than, as is generally supposed, chronicler of public events, and keeper of the archives. See Introduction, sect. 6.] 4:1-19 In the choice of the great officers of Solomon's court, no doubt, his wisdom appeared. Several are the same that were in his father's time. A plan was settled by which no part of the country was exhausted to supply his court, though each sent its portion.
Jump to Previous
Ahiah Ahijah Ahi'jah Ahilud Ahi'lud Chronicler Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Recorder Remembrancer Scribes Secretaries
Jump to Next
Ahiah Ahijah Ahi'jah Ahilud Ahi'lud Chronicler Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Recorder Remembrancer Scribes Secretaries
Links
1 Kings 4:3 NIV
1 Kings 4:3 NLT
1 Kings 4:3 ESV
1 Kings 4:3 NASB
1 Kings 4:3 KJV

1 Kings 4:3 Bible Apps
1 Kings 4:3 Biblia Paralela
1 Kings 4:3 Chinese Bible
1 Kings 4:3 French Bible
1 Kings 4:3 German Bible

Alphabetical: Ahijah Ahilud and Elihoreph Jehoshaphat of recorder secretaries Shisha son sons the was were

OT History: 1 Kings 4:3 Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Kings 4:2
Top of Page
Top of Page