2 Samuel 20:23
New International Version
Joab was over Israel's entire army; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites;

New Living Translation
Now Joab was the commander of the army of Israel. Benaiah son of Jehoiada was captain of the king's bodyguard.

English Standard Version
Now Joab was in command of all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

Berean Study Bible
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

New American Standard Bible
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

King James Bible
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Christian Standard Bible
Joab commanded the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

Contemporary English Version
Joab was the commander of Israel's entire army. Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of David's bodyguard.

Good News Translation
Joab was in command of the army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of David's bodyguards;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joab commanded the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

International Standard Version
Joab commanded the entire army of Israel, Jehoiada's son Benaiah commanded the special forces and mercenaries,

NET Bible
Now Joab was the general in command of all the army of Israel. Benaiah the son of Jehoida was over the Kerethites and the Perethites.

New Heart English Bible
Now Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Now, Joab was put in charge of Israel's whole army. Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was in charge of the Cherethites and Pelethites.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

New American Standard 1977
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

Jubilee Bible 2000
So Joab remained over all the host of Israel, and Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

King James 2000 Bible
Now Joab was over all the army of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

American King James Version
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

American Standard Version
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joab was over all the forces of Israel: and Banaias the son of Jodae was over the Cherethites and over the Phelethites.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Joab was over all the army of Israel: and Banaias the son of Joiada was over the Cerethites and Phelethites,

Darby Bible Translation
And Joab was over all the host of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

English Revised Version
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Webster's Bible Translation
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

World English Bible
Now Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

Young's Literal Translation
And Joab is over all the host of Israel, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada is over the Cherethite, and over the Pelethite,
Study Bible
Sheba's Rebellion
22Then the woman went to all the people with her wise counsel, and they cut off the head of Sheba son of Bichri and threw it to Joab. So he blew the trumpet and his men dispersed from the city, each to his own home. And Joab returned to the king in Jerusalem. 23Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; 24Adoniram was in charge of forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:16
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the historian;

2 Samuel 8:18
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were priests.

2 Samuel 23:20
And Benaiah son of Jehoiada was a valiant warrior from Kabzeel, a man of many exploits. He struck down two champions of Moab, and on a snowy day he went down into a pit and killed a lion.

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

2 Kings 11:4
Then in the seventh year, Jehoiada sent for the captains of hundreds, the Carites, and the guards, and had them brought into the house of the LORD. There he made a covenant with them and put them under oath. He showed them the king's son

Treasury of Scripture

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Now Joab

2 Samuel 8:16-18
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; …

1 Chronicles 18:15-17
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder…

and Benaiah

2 Samuel 20:7
And there went out after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.







Lexicon
Now Joab
וְיוֹאָ֕ב (wə·yō·w·’āḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

was over
אֶ֥ל (’el)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the whole
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

army
הַצָּבָ֖א (haṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

of Israel;
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Benaiah
וּבְנָיָה֙ (ū·ḇə·nā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1141: Benaiah -- 'Yah has built up', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Jehoiada
יְה֣וֹיָדָ֔ע (yə·hō·w·yā·ḏā‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3077: Jehoiada -- 'the LORD knows', the name of several Israelites

was over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Cherethites
הַכְּרֵתִ֖י (hak·kə·rê·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3746: Bodyguard of Jehoash

and
וְעַל־ (wə·‘al-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Pelethites;
הַפְּלֵתִֽי׃ (hap·pə·lê·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6432: A courier, official messenger
Verse 23. - Now Josh, etc. With this list of his chief officers, the narrator closes the history of David's reign; for the remaining four chapters form a kind of appendix. A similar list closes ch. 8, where, too, there is a break in the history, the previous narra-tire having been a summary of the rapid rise of David's empire. In this section, ch. 9-20, we have a more full and detailed account of David's wars, leading on to his crime and its punishment. The rest of David's life we may trust was calm and uneventful, but it was the life of a sorrow stricken man; and the sword again woke up against his family when his end was approaching, and filled his dying hours with grief and trouble. This list is much later in date than that previously given, though most of the officers are the same. Cherethites. This is a correction of the Massorites to make the passage agree with 2 Samuel 8:18. The K'tib has cari, a word which occurs in 2 Kings 11:4, 19, where in the Authorized Version it is translated "captains," but in the Revised Version Carites, which here appears only in the margin. But there is no reason why the place of the Cherethites should not have been taken by Carian mercenaries later on in David's reign, though really we know too little about such matters to be able to form a judgment. Some commentators translate cari "digger," and suppose that it means executioner; but why a digger should have such a meaning is inexplicable. It may be interesting to add that the Caftans were famous in old times as mercenaries. During the reign of Manasseh, Psammetichus won the throne of all Egypt by the aid of Caftans, and from that period they took a leading part in all Egyptian wars. The age of David is much more antique, but as there was constant communication between Phoenicia and Asia Minor and Greece, there is nothing improbable in David taking Caftans into his service in place of the Philistine Cherethites. His connection with them would soon cease after he left Ziklag. 20:23-26 Here is the state of David's court, after his restoration. It is well when able men are appointed to discharge public duties; let all seek to perform those duties, as faithful servants to the Son of David.
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Army Benaiah Benai'ah Cherethite Cherethites Cher'ethites Command Entire Head Host Israel Israel's Jehoiada Jehoi'ada Joab Jo'ab Kerethites Pelethite Pelethites Pel'ethites Whole
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Army Benaiah Benai'ah Cherethite Cherethites Cher'ethites Command Entire Head Host Israel Israel's Jehoiada Jehoi'ada Joab Jo'ab Kerethites Pelethite Pelethites Pel'ethites Whole
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Alphabetical: and army Benaiah Cherethites entire Israel Israel's Jehoiada Joab Kerethites Now of over Pelethites son the was whole

OT History: 2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab was over all the army (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Samuel 20:22
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