2 Samuel 8:16
New International Version
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

New Living Translation
Joab son of Zeruiah was commander of the army. Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the royal historian.

English Standard Version
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder,

Berean Study Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

King James Bible
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

New King James Version
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

New American Standard Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was commander over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was secretary.

NASB 1995
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

NASB 1977
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.

Amplified Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was [commander] over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder (secretary);

Christian Standard Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was court historian;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was court historian;

American Standard Version
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yuab, son of Tsuriya, was over the army, and Yushaphat, son of Akhilud, was the Recorder

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joab the son of Saruia was over the host; and Josaphat the son of Achilud was keeper of the records.

Contemporary English Version
Joab the son of Zeruiah was the commander in chief of the army. Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud kept the government records.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Joab the son of Sarvia was over the army: and Josaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

English Revised Version
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Good News Translation
Joab, whose mother was Zeruiah, was the commander of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was in charge of the records;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Zeruiah's son Joab was in charge of the army. Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was the royal historian.

International Standard Version
Zeruiah's son Joab served in charge of the army, Ahilud's son Jehoshaphat was his personal archivist,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Literal Standard Version
and Joab son of Zeruiah [is] over the host, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud [is] remembrancer,

NET Bible
Joab son of Zeruiah was general in command of the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary;

New Heart English Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

World English Bible
Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Young's Literal Translation
and Joab son of Zeruiah is over the host, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud is remembrancer,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Officers
15Thus David reigned over all Israel and administered justice and righteousness for all his people: 16Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder; 17Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Seraiah was the scribe;…

Cross References
2 Samuel 2:13
So Joab son of Zeruiah, along with the servants of David, marched out and met them by the pool of Gibeon. And the two camps took up positions on opposite sides of the pool.

2 Samuel 8:15
Thus David reigned over all Israel and administered justice and righteousness for all his people:

2 Samuel 19:13
And say to Amasa, 'Aren't you my flesh and blood? May God punish me, and ever so severely, if from this time you are not the commander of my army in place of Joab!'"

2 Samuel 20:23
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

2 Kings 18:18
Then they called for the king; and Eliakim son of Hilkiah the palace administrator, Shebnah the scribe, and Joah son of Asaph the recorder, went out to them.

2 Kings 18:37
Then Hilkiah's son Eliakim the palace administrator, Shebna the scribe, and Asaph's son Joah the recorder came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and they relayed to him the words of the Rabshakeh.


Treasury of Scripture

And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

Joab

2 Samuel 19:13
And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.

2 Samuel 20:23
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

1 Chronicles 11:6
And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief.

Jehoshaphat

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.

recorder.









(16) Was recorder.--This was a different office from that of "the scribe" (filled by Seraiah), and appears from 2Kings 18:18-37; 2Chronicles 34:8, to have been one of considerable importance. (Comp. also Esther 6:1.) His duty is supposed to have been something like that of the modern "chancellor," and he not only registered the king's decrees, but was his adviser. The same person continued to fill the office in the early years of Solomon's reign (1Kings 4:3).

Verse 16. - Joab... was over the host. Twice in this book we have lists of David's chief officers - here and at the end of ch. 20. The present lint belongs to the period of David's greatest prosperity, when all went well with him in peace and war, and when Jehovah had elevated him to the unique rank of Messianic king - a distinction which belonged to him personally, and was inherited by none of his successors. Between it and the second list there lies a tragic tale of sin and shame, of crime and merited punishment, of the realm rising in rebellion against the adulterous king, and of his own family breaking away from the bends of godly discipline, and giving way to licentiousness, to bloodshed, and to parricidal ambition. But probably David's character had then gained in spirituality and singleness of heart; whereas now prosperity must already have begun its work of sapping the foundations of his moral nature. Joab, who had been stripped of his command for the murder of Abner, had regained it by his bravery at the capture of Jerusalem. We have seen also that David entrusted to him the building of Jerusalem, and apparently he was prime minister in all matters except probably the king's judicial functions. Jehoshaphat... was recorder; literally, remembrancer. It was his office to reduce the king's decrees to writing, and also to see that they were carried into execution. Probably after they had been committed to writing, they were laid before the king for his approval, and, when confirmed by his hand or seal, were entered in the book of remembrance.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Joab
וְיוֹאָ֥ב (wə·yō·w·’āḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Zeruiah
צְרוּיָ֖ה (ṣə·rū·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6870: Zeruiah -- an Israelite woman

was over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the army;
הַצָּבָ֑א (haṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

Jehoshaphat
וִיהוֹשָׁפָ֥ט (wî·hō·wō·šā·p̄āṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3092: Jehoshaphat -- 'the LORD has judged', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Ahilud
אֲחִיל֖וּד (’ă·ḥî·lūḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 286: Ahilud -- 'child's brother', two Israelites

[was] the historian;
מַזְכִּֽיר׃ (maz·kîr)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 2142: To mark, to remember, to mention, to be male


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Ahilud Ahi'lud Army Chief Chronicler Host Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joab Jo'ab Keeper Recorder Records Remembrancer Zeruiah Zeru'iah
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Ahilud Ahi'lud Army Chief Chronicler Host Jehoshaphat Jehosh'aphat Joab Jo'ab Keeper Recorder Records Remembrancer Zeruiah Zeru'iah
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OT History: 2 Samuel 8:16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
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