2 Chronicles 34:8
New International Version
In the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign, to purify the land and the temple, he sent Shaphan son of Azaliah and Maaseiah the ruler of the city, with Joah son of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

New Living Translation
In the eighteenth year of his reign, after he had purified the land and the Temple, Josiah appointed Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the governor of Jerusalem, and Joah son of Joahaz, the royal historian, to repair the Temple of the LORD his God.

English Standard Version
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had cleansed the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

Berean Study Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, in order to cleanse the land and the temple, Josiah sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah son of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

New American Standard Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah an official of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

King James Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

Christian Standard Bible
In the eighteenth year of his reign, in order to cleanse the land and the temple, Josiah sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, along with Maaseiah the governor of the city and the court historian Joah son of Joahaz, to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

Contemporary English Version
In the eighteenth year of Josiah's rule in Judah, after he had removed all the sinful things from the land and from the LORD's temple, he sent three of his officials to repair the temple. They were Shaphan son of Azaliah, Governor Maaseiah of Jerusalem, and Joah son of Joahaz, who kept the government records.

Good News Translation
In the eighteenth year of his reign, after he had purified the land and the Temple by ending pagan worship, King Josiah sent three men to repair the Temple of the LORD God: Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah, the governor of Jerusalem, and Joah son of Joahaz, a high official.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the eighteenth year of his reign, in order to cleanse the land and the temple, Josiah sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, along with Maaseiah the governor of the city and the court historian Joah son of Joahaz, to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

International Standard Version
In the eighteenth year of his reign, after he had purged the land and the Temple, he sent Azaliah's son Shaphan, Maaseiah, mayor of Jerusalem, and Joahaz's son Joah, the recorder, to repair the Temple of the LORD his God.

NET Bible
In the eighteenth year of his reign, he continued his policy of purifying the land and the temple. He sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the city official, and Joah son of Joahaz the secretary to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

New Heart English Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the eighteenth year of his reign as he was making the land and the temple clean, Josiah sent Shaphan, son of Azaliah, Maaseiah, the mayor of the city, and Joah, the royal historian and son of Joahaz, to repair the temple of the LORD his God.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

New American Standard 1977
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah an official of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan, the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah, the son of Joahaz, the writer of chronicles, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

King James 2000 Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

American King James Version
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

American Standard Version
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of Jehovah his God.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And in the eighteenth year of his reign, after having cleansed the land, and the house, he sent Saphan the son of Ezelias, and Maasa prefect of the city, and Juach son of Joachaz his recorder, to repair the house of the Lord his God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had cleansed the land, and the temple of the Lord, he sent Saphan the son of Eselias, and Maasias the governor of the city, Joha the son of Joachaz the recorder, to repair the house of the Lord his God.

Darby Bible Translation
And in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the chronicler, to repair the house of Jehovah his God.

English Revised Version
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

World English Bible
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of Yahweh his God.

Young's Literal Translation
And in the eighteenth year of his reign, to purify the land and the house he hath sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah head of the city, and Joah son of Johaz the remembrancer, to strengthen the house of Jehovah his God.
Study Bible
Josiah Repairs the Temple
8Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, in order to cleanse the land and the temple, Josiah sent Shaphan son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah son of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the temple of the LORD his God. 9So they went to Hilkiah the high priest and gave him the money that had been brought into the house of God, which the Levites at the doors had collected from the people of Manasseh and Ephraim, from all the remnant of Israel, Judah, and Benjamin, and from the people of Jerusalem.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:16
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the historian;

2 Kings 22:3
Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, King Josiah sent the scribe, Shaphan son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, to the house of the LORD, saying,

2 Chronicles 18:25
And the king of Israel declared, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king's son,

Jeremiah 25:3
"From the thirteenth year of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah until this very day--twenty-three years--the word of the LORD has come to me, and I have spoken to you again and again, but you have not listened.

Treasury of Scripture

Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.

A.

Jeremiah 1:2,3
To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign…

sent Shaphan

2 Kings 22:3,12,14
And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the scribe, to the house of the LORD, saying, …

Jeremiah 26:24
Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death.

Jeremiah 29:3
By the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon) saying,

Maaseiah

Jeremiah 21:1
The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, saying,

Jeremiah 29:21,25
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, of Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in my name; Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes; …

recorded

2 Samuel 8:16
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

2 Samuel 20:24
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

1 Chronicles 18:15
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.







Lexicon
Now in the eighteenth
שְׁמוֹנֶ֤ה (šə·mō·w·neh)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8083: A cardinal number, eight, eighth

year
וּבִשְׁנַ֨ת (ū·ḇiš·naṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

of his reign,
לְמָלְכ֔וֹ (lə·mā·lə·ḵōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

in order to cleanse
לְטַהֵ֥ר (lə·ṭa·hêr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 2891: To be clean or pure

the land
הָאָ֖רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

and the temple,
וְהַבָּ֑יִת (wə·hab·bā·yiṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

Josiah sent
שָׁ֠לַח (laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

Shaphan
שָׁפָ֨ן (šā·p̄ān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8227: A species of rockrabbit, the hyrax

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Azaliah,
אֲצַלְיָ֜הוּ (’ă·ṣal·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 683: Azaliah -- 'Yah has reserved', an Israelite

Maaseiah
מַעֲשֵׂיָ֣הוּ (ma·‘ă·śê·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4641: Maaseiah -- 'work of Yah', the name of a number of Israelites

the governor
שַׂר־ (śar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of the city,
הָעִ֗יר (hā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

and
וְ֠אֵת (wə·’êṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

Joah
יוֹאָ֤ח (yō·w·’āḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3098: Joah -- 'the LORD is brother', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Joahaz,
יֽוֹאָחָז֙ (yō·w·’ā·ḥāz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3099: Jehoahaz -- Joahaz

the recorder,
הַמַּזְכִּ֔יר (ham·maz·kîr)
Article | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2142: To mark, to remember, to mention, to be male

to repair
לְחַזֵּ֕ק (lə·ḥaz·zêq)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

the temple
בֵּ֖ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of the LORD
יְהוָ֥ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

his God.
אֱלֹהָֽיו׃ (’ĕ·lō·hāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative
(8-13) The cleansing and repair of the Temple. (Comp. 2Kings 22:3-7; and the similar account of the restoration by Joash in 2Chronicles 24:11-13).

When he had purged.--Omit had. (L?tah?r is apparently co-ordinate with l?molk´┐Ż, "in the eighteenth year to his reigning, to purging the land "; as if the work of purification had been co-extensive with the reign. The LXX., however, has, "in order to purge the land," which may be right.)

He sent Shaphan.--Who was secretary of state (2Kings 22:3, "the scribe").

Maaseiah . . . Joah.--Kings mentions Shaphan only.

The governor of the city.--Sar ha'ir; praefectus urois. (Conp. 1Chronicles 11:6.)

Verse 8. - It is in some sense as though the work of purification, atoning, penitence, must precede that of practical repentance, of repairing, restoring, rebuilding. The original, however, does not warrant the laying of any stress on the when, found again in the Authorized Version. Shaphau. In the parallel (2 Kings 22:3) Shaphan is designated "the scribe." His descendants, to the second generation, at all events, did him honor (Jeremiah 26:24; Jeremiah 29:3; Jeremiah 36:10, 12, 25; Ezekiel 8:11; see also 2 Kings 25:22). The names of Masseiah (Jeremiah 35:4) and Joah (2 Kings 18:18) are known, but not marking the present persons. 34:1-33 Josiah's good reign in Judah. - As the years of infancy cannot be useful to our fellow-creatures, our earliest youth should be dedicated to God, that we may not waste any of the remaining short space of life. Happy and wise are those who seek the Lord and prepare for usefulness at an early age, when others are pursuing sinful pleasures, contracting bad habits, and forming ruinous connexions. Who can express the anguish prevented by early piety, and its blessed effects? Diligent self-examination and watchfulness will convince us of the deceitfulness and wickedness of our own hearts, and the sinfulness of our lives. We are here encouraged to humble ourselves before God, and to seek unto him, as Josiah did. And believers are here taught, not to fear death, but to welcome it, when it takes them away from the evil to come. Nothing hastens the ruin of a people, nor ripens them for it, more than their disregard of the attempts made for their reformation. Be not deceived, God is not mocked. The current and tide of affections only turns at the command of Him who raises up those that are dead in trespasses and sins. We behold peculiar loveliness, in the grace the Lord bestows on those, who in tender years seek to know and to love the Saviour. Hath Jesus, the Day-spring from on high, visited you? Can you trace your knowledge of this light and life of man, like Josiah, from your youth? Oh the unspeakable happiness of becoming acquainted with Jesus from our earliest years!
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Alphabetical: an and Azaliah city eighteenth God had he his house In Joah Joahaz Josiah's land LORD Maaseiah Now of official purged purify recorder reign repair ruler sent Shaphan son temple the to when with year

OT History: 2 Chronicles 34:8 Now in the eighteenth year of his (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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