Nehemiah 2:10
New International Version
When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about this, they were very much disturbed that someone had come to promote the welfare of the Israelites.

New Living Translation
But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard of my arrival, they were very displeased that someone had come to help the people of Israel.

English Standard Version
But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite servant heard this, it displeased them greatly that someone had come to seek the welfare of the people of Israel.

Berean Study Bible
But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about this, they were deeply disturbed that someone had come to seek the well-being of the Israelites.

New American Standard Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about it, it was very displeasing to them that someone had come to seek the welfare of the sons of Israel.

King James Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Christian Standard Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard that someone had come to pursue the prosperity of the Israelites, they were greatly displeased.

Contemporary English Version
But when Sanballat from Horon and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about what had happened, they became very angry, because they didn't want anyone to help the people of Israel.

Good News Translation
But Sanballat, from the town of Beth Horon, and Tobiah, an official in the province of Ammon, heard that someone had come to work for the good of the people of Israel, and they were highly indignant.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard that someone had come to seek the well-being of the Israelites, they were greatly displeased.

International Standard Version
But when Sanballat the Horonite and his servant Tobiah the Ammonite heard of this, they were greatly distressed because someone had come to do good for the Israelis.

NET Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard all this, they were very displeased that someone had come to seek benefit for the Israelites.

New Heart English Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, because a man had come to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite servant heard this, they were very upset that someone had come to give the people of Israel so much assistance.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, for that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

New American Standard 1977
And when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about it, it was very displeasing to them that someone had come to seek the welfare of the sons of Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Sanballat, the Horonite, and Tobiah, the slave, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the sons of Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there had come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

American King James Version
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

American Standard Version
And when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, for that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Sanaballat the Aronite heard it, and Tobia the servant, the Ammonite, and it was grievous to them that a man was come to seek good for the children of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Sanaballat the Horonite, and Tobias the servant, the Ammonite, heard it, and it grieved them exceedingly, that a man was come, who sought the prosperity of the children of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobijah the servant, the Ammonite, heard [of it], it grieved them exceedingly that there had come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

English Revised Version
And when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, for that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there had come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

World English Bible
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, because a man had come to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
and Sanballat the Horonite heareth, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and it is evil to them -- a great evil -- that a man hath come in to seek good for the sons of Israel.
Study Bible
Nehemiah Sent to Jerusalem
9Then I went to the governors west of the Euphrates and gave them the king's letters. The king had also sent army officers and cavalry with me. 10But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about this, they were deeply disturbed that someone had come to seek the well-being of the Israelites.
Cross References
Nehemiah 2:19
When Sanballat the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard about this, they mocked us and ridiculed us, saying, "What is this you are doing? Are you rebelling against the king?"

Nehemiah 4:1
Now when Sanballat heard that we were rebuilding the wall, he became furious and was filled with indignation. He ridiculed the Jews

Nehemiah 6:16
When all our enemies heard about this, all the surrounding nations feared and were disheartened, for they realized that this task had been accomplished by our God.

Nehemiah 13:4
Now before this, Eliashib the priest, a relative of Tobiah, had been put in charge of the storerooms of the house of our God

Nehemiah 13:28
Even one of the sons of Jehoiada son of Eliashib the high priest had become a son-in-law to Sanballat the Horonite. Therefore I drove him away from me.

Esther 10:3
For Mordecai the Jew was second only to King Xerxes, preeminent among the Jews and highly favored by his many kinsmen, seeking the good of his people and speaking peace to all his countrymen.

Psalm 122:9
For the sake of the house of the LORD our God, I will seek your prosperity.

Jeremiah 41:10
Then Ishmael took captive all the remnant of the people of Mizpah--the daughters of the king along with all the others who remained in Mizpah--over whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took them captive and set off to cross over to the Ammonites.

Treasury of Scripture

When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Sanballat

Nehemiah 2:19
But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?

Nehemiah 4:1-3,7
But it came to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we builded the wall, he was wroth, and took great indignation, and mocked the Jews…

Nehemiah 6:1
Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had builded the wall, and that there was no breach left therein; (though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates;)

Horonite

Isaiah 15:5
My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.

Jeremiah 48:5,34
For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction…

the servant

Proverbs 30:22
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.

the Ammonite

Nehemiah 13:1
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;

it grieved

Numbers 22:3,4
And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel…

Psalm 112:10
The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Psalm 122:6-9
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee…

there was come

Ezra 4:4
Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building,







Lexicon
But when Sanballat
סַנְבַלַּ֣ט (san·ḇal·laṭ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5571: Sanballat -- a Samaritan leader

the Horonite
הַחֹרֹנִ֗י (ha·ḥō·rō·nî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2772: Horonite -- a Choronite

and Tobiah
וְטֽוֹבִיָּה֙ (wə·ṭō·w·ḇî·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2900: Tobiah -- 'Yah is my good', three Israelites, also an Ammonite

the Ammonite
הָֽעַמֹּנִ֔י (hā·‘am·mō·nî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5984: Ammonite -- descendants of Ammon

official
הָעֶ֣בֶד (hā·‘e·ḇeḏ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

heard about this,
וַיִּשְׁמַ֞ע (way·yiš·ma‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

they were deeply
גְדֹלָ֑ה (ḡə·ḏō·lāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

disturbed
וַיֵּ֥רַע (way·yê·ra‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7489: To spoil, to make, good for, nothing, bad

that
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

someone
אָדָ֔ם (’ā·ḏām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

had come
בָּ֥א (bā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to seek
לְבַקֵּ֥שׁ (lə·ḇaq·qêš)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 1245: To search out, to strive after

the well-being
טוֹבָ֖ה (ṭō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2896: Pleasant, agreeable, good

of the Israelites.
לִבְנֵ֥י (liḇ·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son
(10) Sanballat the Horonite.--Satrap of Samaria under the Persians, whose secretary or minister was "Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite." Sanballat was from one of the Beth-horons, which had been in Ephraim, and were now in the kingdom of Samaria. His name is seemingly Babylonian, while that of Tobiah is Hebrew. The revival of Jerusalem would be a blow to the recent ascendency of Samaria.

Verse 10. - Sanballat. According to Josephus, Sanballat was "satrap of Samaria" under the Persians, and by descent a Cuthaean ('Ant. Jud.,' 11:7, § 2). He was probably included among the governors to whom Nehemiah had brought letters, and learnt the fact that "a man was come to seek the welfare of the children of Israel" by the delivery of the letters to him. The Horonite, Born, i.e., at one of the two Beth-horons, the upper or the lower, mentioned in Joshua (Joshua 16:3, 5) as belonging to Ephraim, and now under Samaria. Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite. It has been usual to regard Tobiah as a native chief of the Ammonites, who, after having been a page or other servant at the Persian court, had been made head of the nation. But it seems to be quite as likely that he was a servant of Sanballat's, who stood high in his favour, gave him counsel, and was perhaps his secretary (Nehemiah 6:17, 19). It grieved them exceedingly. From the time that Zerub-babel rejected the co-operation of the Samaritans in the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:3), an enmity set in between the two peoples which continued till the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus. The two capitals were too near not to be rivals; and the greater (general) prosperity of Jerusalem made Samaria the bitterer adversary. 2:9-18 When Nehemiah had considered the matter, he told the Jews that God had put it into his heart to build the wall of Jerusalem. He does not undertake to do it without them. By stirring up ourselves and one another to that which is good, we strengthen ourselves and one another for it. We are weak in our duty, when we are cold and careless.
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Ammonite Children Displeased Displeasing Disturbed Evil Exceedingly Great Greatly Grieved Heard Hearing Help Horonite Hor'onite Israel Israelites Official Promote Sanballat Sanbal'lat Seek Servant Someone Tobiah Tobi'ah Tobijah Welfare
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Ammonite Children Displeased Displeasing Disturbed Evil Exceedingly Great Greatly Grieved Heard Hearing Help Horonite Hor'onite Israel Israelites Official Promote Sanballat Sanbal'lat Seek Servant Someone Tobiah Tobi'ah Tobijah Welfare
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OT History: Nehemiah 2:10 When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah (Neh Ne) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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