Acts 4:1
New International Version
The priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

New Living Translation
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, they were confronted by the priests, the captain of the Temple guard, and some of the Sadducees.

English Standard Version
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Berean Study Bible
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

Berean Literal Bible
And of them speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

New American Standard Bible
As they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

King James Bible
And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Christian Standard Bible
While they were speaking to the people, the priests, the captain of the temple police, and the Sadducees confronted them,

Contemporary English Version
The apostles were still talking to the people, when some priests, the captain of the temple guard, and some Sadducees arrived.

Good News Translation
Peter and John were still speaking to the people when some priests, the officer in charge of the Temple guards, and some Sadducees arrived.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now as they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the temple police, and the Sadducees confronted them,

International Standard Version
While they were speaking to the people, the priests, the commander of the Temple guards, and the Sadducees came to them.

NET Bible
While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the commander of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them,

New Heart English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when they were speaking these words to the people, The Priests and The Sadducees and the Rulers of The Temple rose up against them,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Some priests, the officer in charge of the temple guards, and some Sadducees approached Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

New American Standard 1977
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

King James 2000 Bible
And as they spoke unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

American King James Version
And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

American Standard Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the officer of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Darby Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

English Revised Version
And as they spake unto the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

Webster's Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came upon them,

Weymouth New Testament
While they were saying this to the people, the Priests, the Commander of the Temple Guard, and the Sadducees came upon them,

World English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Young's Literal Translation
And as they are speaking unto the people, there came to them the priests, and the magistrate of the temple, and the Sadducees --
Study Bible
Peter and John Before the Council
1While Peter and John were speaking to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to them, 2greatly disturbed that they were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection of the dead.…
Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when John saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his place of baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Luke 20:1
One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the gospel, the chief priests and scribes, together with the elders, came up to Him.

Luke 22:4
And Judas went to discuss with the chief priests and temple officers how he might betray Jesus to them.

Acts 5:17
Then the high priest and all his associates (who belonged to the party of the Sadducees) rose up with jealousy.

Acts 5:24
When the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests heard this account, they were perplexed as to what was happening.

Acts 6:12
So they stirred up the people and elders and scribes. They seized Stephen and brought him before the Sanhedrin.

Treasury of Scripture

And as they spoke to the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came on them,

the priests.

Acts 4:6
And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.

Acts 6:7,12
And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith…

Matthew 26:3,4
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, …

the captain.

Acts 5:24,26
Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow…

2 Chronicles 23:4-9
This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you entering on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, shall be porters of the doors; …

Luke 22:4
And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

the Sadducees.

Acts 23:6-9
But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question…

Matthew 16:12
Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

Matthew 22:16,23,24
And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men…







Lexicon
[While Peter and John]
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

were speaking
Λαλούντων (Lalountōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2980: A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, i.e. Utter words.

to
πρὸς (pros)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4314: To, towards, with. A strengthened form of pro; a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. Toward.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

people,
λαὸν (laon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2992: Apparently a primary word; a people.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

priests
ἱερεῖς (hiereis)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2409: A priest, one who offers sacrifice to a god (in Jewish and pagan religions; of Christians only met.). From hieros; a priest.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

captain
στρατηγὸς (stratēgos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4755: From the base of stratia and ago or hegeomai; a general, i.e. a governor, the chief of the temple-wardens.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

temple guard
ἱεροῦ (hierou)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2411: Neuter of hieros; a sacred place, i.e. The entire precincts of the Temple.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Sadducees
Σαδδουκαῖοι (Saddoukaioi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4523: Probably from Sadok; a Sadducaean, or follower of a certain heretical Israelite.

came
ἐπέστησαν (epestēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2186: To stand by, be urgent, befall one (as of evil), be at hand, impend. From epi and histemi; to stand upon, i.e. Be present.

up to them,
αὐτοῖς (autois)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
IV.

(1) The priests, and the captain of the temple.--For the first time in this book, we come across the chief agents in the condemnation passed on our Lord by the Sanhedrin. A few weeks or months had gone by, and they were congratulating themselves on having followed the advice of Caiaphas (John 11:48). They knew that the body of Jesus had disappeared from the sepulchre, and they industriously circulated the report that the disciples had stolen it (Matthew 28:13-15). They must have heard something of the Day of Pentecost--though there is no evidence of their having been present as spectators or listeners--and of the growth of the new society. Now the two chief members of the company of those disciples were teaching publicly in the very portico of the Temple. What were they to do? The "captain of the Temple" (see Note on Luke 22:4) was the head of the band of Levite sentinels whose function it was to keep guard over the sacred precincts. He, as an inspector, made his round by night, visited all the gates, and roused the slumberers. His presence implied that the quiet order of the Temple was supposed to be endangered. In 2 Maccabees 3:4, however, we have a "captain," or "governor of the Temple" of the tribe of Benjamin.

The Sadducees.--The higher members of the priesthood, Annas and Caiaphas, were themselves of this sect (Acts 5:17). They had already been foremost in urging the condemnation of Christ in the meetings of the Sanhedrin. The shame of having been put to silence by Him (Matthew 22:34) added vindictiveness to the counsels of a calculating policy. Now they found His disciples preaching the truth which they denied, and proclaiming it as attested by the resurrection of Jesus. Throughout the Acts the Sadducees are foremost as persecutors. The Pharisees temporise, like Gamaliel, or profess themselves believers. (Comp. Acts 5:34; Acts 15:5; Acts 23:7.)

Verse 1. - The captain of the temple. Only here and Acts 5:24, and Luke 22:4, 52 in the plural some have thought that the commander of the Roman garrison of the castle of Antonia is here meant. But as the scene is laid in the court of the temple, this is very improbable. Josephus ('Ant. Jud.,' 20, 6:2) speaks of an officer apparently of the temple, who was called ὁ στρατηγός, and was certainly a Jew by his name Ananus, and being, as Josephus relates farther ('Bell Jud.,' 2, 12:6), the son of the high priest Ananias. He also mentions the captain of the temple ('Bell. Jud.,' 6, 5:3) at the time of the destruction of the temple. There can be little doubt, therefore, that the captain of the temple here spoken of was a priest who had under him the Levitical guard, and whose duty it was to keep order in the temple courts in these turbulent times, lie appears from Acts 5:25, 26, Luke 22:4, 52, and the passages in Josephus, to have been an officer of high rank. 4:1-4 The apostles preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. It includes all the happiness of the future state; this they preached through Jesus Christ, to be had through him only. Miserable is their case, to whom the glory of Christ's kingdom is a grief; for since the glory of that kingdom is everlasting, their grief will be everlasting also. The harmless and useful servants of Christ, like the apostles, have often been troubled for their work of faith and labour of love, when wicked men have escaped. And to this day instances are not wanting, in which reading the Scriptures, social prayer, and religious conversation meet with frowns and checks. But if we obey the precepts of Christ, he will support us.
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