Esther 3:5
New International Version
When Haman saw that Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor, he was enraged.

New Living Translation
When Haman saw that Mordecai would not bow down or show him respect, he was filled with rage.

English Standard Version
And when Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow down or pay homage to him, Haman was filled with fury.

Berean Study Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai would not bow down or pay him homage, he was filled with rage.

King James Bible
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

New King James Version
When Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow or pay him homage, Haman was filled with wrath.

New American Standard Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage to him, Haman was filled with rage.

NASB 1995
When Haman saw that Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage to him, Haman was filled with rage.

NASB 1977
When Haman saw that Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage to him, Haman was filled with rage.

Amplified Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage to him, he was furious.

Christian Standard Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai was not bowing down or paying him homage, he was filled with rage.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai was not bowing down or paying him homage, he was filled with rage.

American Standard Version
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not down, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Haman saw that Murdacai was not kneeling and worshiping him, and Haman was filled with anger against Murdacai.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when Aman understood that Mardochaeus did not obeisance to him, he was greatly enraged,

Contemporary English Version
Haman was furious to learn that Mordecai refused to kneel down and honor him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when Aman had heard this, and had proved by experience that Mardochai did not bend his knee to him, nor worship him, he was exceeding angry.

English Revised Version
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not down, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

Good News Translation
Haman was furious when he realized that Mordecai was not going to kneel and bow to him,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Haman saw that Mordecai did not kneel and bow to him, Haman was infuriated.

International Standard Version
When Haman saw that Mordecai would not kneel and bow down to him, he flew into a rage.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not down, nor prostrated himself before him, then was Haman full of wrath.

Literal Standard Version
And Haman sees that Mordecai is not bowing and doing homage to him, and Haman is full of fury,

NET Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai was not bowing or paying homage to him, he was filled with rage.

New Heart English Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow down, nor pay him homage, Haman was full of wrath.

World English Bible
When Haman saw that Mordecai didn't bow down, nor pay him homage, Haman was full of wrath.

Young's Literal Translation
And Haman seeth that Mordecai is not bowing and doing obeisance to him, and Haman is full of fury,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Haman Plots Against the Jews
4Day after day they warned him, but he would not comply. So they reported it to Haman to see whether Mordecai’s behavior would be tolerated, since he had told them he was a Jew. 5When Haman saw that Mordecai would not bow down or pay him homage, he was filled with rage. 6And when he learned the identity of Mordecai’s people, he scorned the notion of laying hands on Mordecai alone. Instead, he sought to destroy all of Mordecai’s people, the Jews, throughout the kingdom of Xerxes.…

Cross References
Esther 3:4
Day after day they warned him, but he would not comply. So they reported it to Haman to see whether Mordecai's behavior would be tolerated, since he had told them he was a Jew.

Esther 5:9
That day Haman went out full of joy and glad of heart. At the king's gate, however, he saw Mordecai, who did not rise or tremble in fear at his presence. And Haman was filled with rage toward Mordecai.

Ecclesiastes 10:6
Folly is appointed to great heights, but the rich sit in lowly positions.


Treasury of Scripture

And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

that Mordecai.

Esther 3:2
And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.

Esther 5:9
Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.

full of wrath.

Esther 1:12
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

Genesis 4:5,6
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell…

Job 5:2
For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.









Verse 5. - When Haman saw. Apparently Mordecai's disrespect had not been observed by Haman until the "king's servants" called his attention to it. Then, naturally enough, he was greatly offended, and felt exceedingly angry at what seemed to him a gross impertinence. Mordecai's excuse did not pacify him - perhaps seemed to him to make the matter worse, since, if allowed, it would justify all the Jews in the empire in withholding from him the respect that he considered his due.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When Haman
הָמָ֔ן (hā·mān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2001: Haman -- to rage, be turbulent

saw
וַיַּ֣רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

that
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

Mordecai
מָרְדֳּכַ֔י (mā·rə·do·ḵay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4782: Mordecai -- a companion of Zerubbabel, also a cousin of Esther

would not
אֵ֣ין (’ên)
Adverb
Strong's 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

bow down
כֹּרֵ֥עַ (kō·rê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3766: To bend the knee, to sink, to prostrate

or pay him homage,
וּמִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה (ū·miš·ta·ḥă·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7812: To depress, prostrate

he
הָמָ֖ן (hā·mān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2001: Haman -- to rage, be turbulent

was filled
וַיִּמָּלֵ֥א (way·yim·mā·lê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4390: To fill, be full of

with rage.
חֵמָֽה׃ (ḥê·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2534: Heat, anger, poison


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OT History: Esther 3:5 When Haman saw that Mordecai didn't bow (Est Esth. Es)
Esther 3:4
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