Job 31:10
New International Version
then may my wife grind another man’s grain, and may other men sleep with her.

New Living Translation
then let my wife serve another man; let other men sleep with her.

English Standard Version
then let my wife grind for another, and let others bow down on her.

Berean Study Bible
then may my own wife grind grain for another, and may other men sleep with her.

King James Bible
Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.

New King James Version
Then let my wife grind for another, And let others bow down over her.

New American Standard Bible
May my wife grind grain for another, And let others kneel down over her.

NASB 1995
May my wife grind for another, And let others kneel down over her.

NASB 1977
May my wife grind for another, And let others kneel down over her.

Amplified Bible
Let my wife grind [meal, like a bond slave] for another [man], And let others kneel down over her.

Christian Standard Bible
let my own wife grind grain for another man, and let other men sleep with her.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
let my own wife grind grain for another man, and let other men sleep with her.

American Standard Version
Then let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down upon her.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Unless my wife has ground meal for others and she has baked in another place

Brenton Septuagint Translation
then let my wife also please another, and let my children be brought low.

Contemporary English Version
then let some stranger steal my wife from me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let my wife be the harlot of another, and let other men lie with her.

English Revised Version
Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.

Good News Translation
then let my wife cook another man's food and sleep in another man's bed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[then] let my wife grind for another [man], and let other [men] kneel over her.

International Standard Version
then let my wife cook for another person and may someone else sleep with her,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down upon her.

Literal Standard Version
Let my wife grind to another, And let others bend over her.

NET Bible
then let my wife turn the millstone for another man, and may other men have sexual relations with her.

New Heart English Bible
then let my wife grind for another, and let others sleep with her.

World English Bible
then let my wife grind for another, and let others sleep with her.

Young's Literal Translation
Grind to another let my wife, And over her let others bend.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Job's Final Appeal
9If my heart has been enticed by my neighbor’s wife, or I have lurked at his door, 10then may my own wife grind grain for another, and may other men sleep with her. 11For that would be a heinous crime, an iniquity to be judged.…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:30
You will be pledged in marriage to a woman, but another man will violate her. You will build a house but will not live in it. You will plant a vineyard but will not enjoy its fruit.

Isaiah 47:2
Take millstones and grind flour; remove your veil; strip off your skirt, bare your thigh, and wade through the streams.

Jeremiah 8:10
Therefore I will give their wives to other men and their fields to new owners. For from the least of them to the greatest, all are greedy for gain; from prophet to priest, all practice deceit.


Treasury of Scripture

Then let my wife grind to another, and let others bow down on her.

grind

Exodus 11:5
And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.

Isaiah 47:2
Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.

Matthew 24:41
Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

and let

2 Samuel 12:11
Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.

Jeremiah 8:10
Therefore will I give their wives unto others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.

Hosea 4:13,14
They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery…









(10) Then let my wife grind--i.e., perform all menial offices, like a slave.

Verse 10. - Then let my wife grind unto another; i.e. "let the wife of my bosom be brought so low as to be compelled to do the servile work of grinding the corn in the household of another woman." The condition of the female slaves who ground the corn was regarded as the lowest point in domestic slavery (see Exodus 11:5; Isaiah 47:2). And let others bow down upon her. Let them, i.e., claim the master's right, and reduce her to the extremest degradation There would be a just nemesis in this punishment of an adulterer (see 2 Samuel 12:11).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
then may my own wife
אִשְׁתִּ֑י (’iš·tî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

grind grain
תִּטְחַ֣ן (tiṭ·ḥan)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 2912: To grind meal, to be a, concubine

for another,
לְאַחֵ֣ר (lə·’a·ḥêr)
Preposition-l | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 312: Hinder, next, other

and may other men
אֲחֵרִֽין׃ (’ă·ḥê·rîn)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 312: Hinder, next, other

sleep
יִכְרְע֥וּן (yiḵ·rə·‘ūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's 3766: To bend the knee, to sink, to prostrate

with her.
וְ֝עָלֶ֗יהָ (wə·‘ā·le·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against


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